The Mogollon Mountains or Mogollon Range (// or //) are a mountain range east of the San Francisco River in Grant and Catron counties of southwestern New Mexico, United States, between the communities of Reserve and Silver City. They extend roughly north-south for about 30 miles (48 km), and form part of the divide between the San Francisco and the Gila rivers. The crest of the range lies about 15 miles (24 km) east of U.S. Route 180, which traverses parallel to a section of the San Francisco River; the lower altitude smaller range, the Sierra Aguilada borders to the west of Route 180. Most of the Mogollon Mountains is protected within the Gila Wilderness, part of the Gila National Forest.
The highest point in the range is Whitewater Baldy which, at 10,895 ft (3,321 m), is the highest point in southwestern New Mexico. The range also contains five other 10,000+ foot peaks, most notably Mogollon Baldy (10,778 ft, 3,285 m).
The Mogollon Mountains were formed between forty and twenty-five million years ago as part of the Datil-Mogollon Volcanic Plateau. Hot springs existing in the area are a remnant of that volcanic activity. The Mogollon Mountains are named for Juan Ignacio Flores Mogollón, governor of Nuevo Leon 1712 to 1715.
Early inhabitants of the range include the Mimbres Culture, from 300 BC to AD 1300. Later peoples included the Chiricahua and Mimbres bands of the Apache, including Geronimo, said to have been born in the area around 1829. Mining occurred in the area beginning in the 1890s and continuing for some decades.
- "Mogollon". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005.
- Butterfield, Mike, and Greene, Peter, Mike Butterfield's Guide to the Mountains of New Mexico, New Mexico Magazine Press, 2006, ISBN 978-0-937206-88-1
- Calloway, Colin G, One Vast Winter Count, University of Nebraska Press, 2003, ISBN 0-8032-1530-4
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