Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar
Banda Singh Bahadur War Memorial at Mohali, Punjab
|Elevation||316 m (1,037 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Mohali is a city and a commercial hub lying adjacent to the city of Chandigarh in Punjab, India. It was officially named after the eldest son of Guru Gobind Singh, Sahibzada Ajit Singh (SAS Nagar, or "House of Sahibzada Ajit Singh") later in 2012 the name was shortened to Ajitgarh ("Fort of Sahibzada Ajit Singh"). It, along with Chandigarh and Panchkula, forms a part of the Chandigarh Tricity. It was earlier a part of the Rupnagar District, and was carved out into a separate district in the recent years.
- 1 Background
- 2 Climate
- 3 Demographics
- 4 City design
- 5 Cricket stadium
- 6 Corporate investment
- 7 District administration
- 8 Politics
- 9 Places of interest
- 10 Historical places
- 11 Education
- 12 Medical facilities
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Mohali was conceived after the trifurcation of Punjab and its capital Chandigarh becoming a Union Territory in late 1966. Today, Mohali and Chandigarh are contiguous areas with only the boundary of Punjab and UT of Chandigarh dividing this area. The original plan of Mohali is in fact a mere extension of the road and design system of Chandigarh without any unique planning. The development earlier was only till Phase VII. The development of sectors and phases from Phase 8 onwards started in late 1980s, and the city got its own bus stand in Phase 8 in mid 1990s. The region has been targeted by an increasing number of outsourcing IT companies, who look to capitalize on the rich investment opportunities the city offers.
Mohali comes under the jurisdiction of Punjab State while Panchkula is a part of Haryana all together comprising as Chandigarh tricity.
Mohali has a sub-tropical continental monsoon climate characterized by a seasonal rhythm: hot summers, slightly cold winters, unreliable rainfall and great variation in temperature (−1 to 44 °C or 30 to 111 °F). In winter, frost sometimes occurs during December and January. The average annual rainfall is recorded at 617 millimetres (24.3 in). The city also receives occasional winter rains from the west.
- Summer: The temperature in summer may rise to a maximum of 44 °C (111 °F). Temperatures generally remain between 30 and 40 °C (86 and 104 °F).
- Autumn: In autumn, the temperature may rise to a maximum of 36 °C (97 °F). Temperatures usually remain between 16 and 27 °C (61 and 81 °F) in autumn. The minimum temperature is around 13 °C (55 °F).
- Winter: Average temperatures in winter (November to February) remain at (maximum) 7 to 15 °C (45 to 59 °F) and (minimum) 1 and 5 °C (34 and 41 °F).
- Spring: spring temperatures vary between (min) 16 and 25 °C (61 and 77 °F) (max).
As per provisional data of 2011 census Mohali's urban agglomeration had a population of 176,152, out of which males were 92,407 and females were 83,745. The literacy rate was 93.04 per cent.
Following the success of Chandigarh's sector design, Mohali was similarly planned into identical 800-by-1200 m sectors. Many have yet to be fully developed, as is the case of sector 62, which is earmarked for a future commercial City Centre. Its proximity to the PCA Stadium, as well as unrivaled transportation links to Chandigarh makes it a suitable choice. Mohali has also been divided into phases.
The recent Master Plan of Mohali has been extended up to 114 sectors. The iconic PUDA Bhawan official headquarters of the Punjab Urban Planning and Development Authority , initiated by KBS Sidhu, an IAS officer, signifies the towering role of PUDA vis-a-vis Mohali. Now, PUDA's functions of planning and urban development have been transferred to the Greater Mohali Area Development Authority (GMADA); initially DC Mohali had been named as its Chief Administrator, but now a separate and full-time IAS officer has been so appointed.
In 2016, the Punjab Cricket Association (PCA) unveiled a plan to build a state-of-the-art facility complete with a separate practise ground—to be built in a swampy area in the city. The PCA invested heavily in the ground, a swimming pool, health club, tennis court, library, restaurant, and bar and outdoor & indoor cricket practice nets were incorporated into the plans.
The construction of the stadium took around INR 25 crore and 3 years to complete. The stadium has an official capacity of 30000 spectators. The stadium was designed by Arun Loomba and Associates, Panchkula and constructed by R.S. Construction Company, Chandigarh. The lights here are unconventional compared to other cricket stadiums, in that the light pillars are very low in height. This is to avoid aircraft from the nearby airport colliding with the light pillars. The stream passing through the central part of Chandigarh, called N-Choe, also passes alongside the stadium. PCA stadium is home of Kings XI Punjab (IPL Mohali franchisee). The current pitch curator for the PCA Stadium is Daljit Singh and the design consultant is Ar. Sufyan Ahmad.
While the city houses many state-local companies like PTL (Punjab Tractor Limited), ICI Paints, and the Godrej Group, its reputation as a home for large, multinational corporations is growing.
Infosys, the well-known Indian IT services major, has a development center in Mohali. Global tech giants like Dell, Quark, Philips, Seasia Infotech, Sebiz Infotech, SCL (Semiconductor Complex Limited), and PUNCOM have followed. Denver-based Quark, Inc. has created the $500M, 46-acre (190,000 m2) QuarkCity in Mohali, complete with a residential complex comprising 30% of the 'city'; the shopping, entertainment, medical, and educational district consume another 10%. It is expected to generate 25,000 direct, and 100,000 indirect jobs.
QuarkCity is a 51-acre (210,000 m2), multi-use development city that includes a Special Economic Zone (SEZ). QuarkCity is located in the district, 265 km (165 mi) north of India’s capital city of New Delhi.
The Deputy Commissioner, an officer belonging to the Indian Administrative Service, is the overall in-charge of the General Administration in the Districts of India. Currently Tejinder Pal Singh Sidhu is serving as Deputy Commissioner.
Mohali is a Municipal Corporation, with the elections for the General Body last in June–July 2013. Currently the Municipal Council is looking after the matters under the supervision of Current Administrator Tejinder Pal Singh Sidhu, Deputy Commissioner (IAS). Mohali is part of Anandpur Sahib Parliamentary Constituency, currently represented by Ravneet Singh Bittu, MP. Mohali was part of Kharar Assembly Constituency, But in 2012 State Assembly Elections, New Assembly Constituency was carved out in the name of Mohali(as Ajitgarh was known during Assembly Elections 2012) and Balbir Singh Sidhu, MLA is representing it in State Assembly. Mohali is also represented in Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (SGPC) by Paramjit Kaur Landran and Hardeep Singh. The seat was reserved for women during 2011 SGPC Elections.
Places of interest
Places of tourist interest in and around this region include the following:
- Sukhna Lake, Chandigarh
- Rock Garden, Chandigarh
- Amb Sahib Gurdwara, Mohali
- Nada Sahib Gurdwara, Panchkula
- Punjab Cricket Association Stadium, Mohali
- Sector 17 shopping area, Chandigarh
- Main Market, Phase - 3, Mohali
- Main Market, Phase - 7, Mohali
- Bhakra Nangal Dam, Nangal
- Anandpur Sahib, Anandpur Shaib
- City Park, Sector 68, Mohali
- Rose Gurden,Sector 17,Chandigarh
Gurudwara Shri Amb Sahib
Gurudwara Shri Amb Sahib is situated in the city. Seventh Guru, Shri Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji visited this place to fullfill the wish of his devotee. Bhai Kuram Ji of Lambia village, visited Amritsar Sahib to pay homage to Shri Guru Arjan Dev Ji. Guru Arjan Dev Ji's darbar was going on everyone was paying gifts according to their status and capabilities. Sangat from Kabul gifted amb (Mango) to Guru Sahib, Bhai Kuram Singh felt bad on his part that he being from the land of amb could have also served Guru ji with amb, In the evening the darbar was closed and every body was given prasaad of amb, Bhai Sahib didn't eat amb. In the morning Bhai Sahib Presented the same amb to Guru Arjan Dev Ji.
Guru Ji called upon Bhai Sahib and asked that this amb was given to him in prasaad, then why did he had given back to him. Bhai Sahib politely said its true that i got this amb(Mango) as prasaad but i being from the land of mangos felt right to present it to you. Then Guru Sahib said that you can have this as prasaad, we have felt your feelings and we will have amb in our seventh life span. Seventh Guru Shri Harrai Sahib Ji came to this place from kurukshetra in mid December and asked Bhai Kuram Ji for amb, Bhai Sahib politely said to Guru Sahib that in this season there are no amb, so I am unable to present amb, but you are almighty you can do and get done what ever you want. Guru Sahib asked Bhai Sahib that trees are loaded with ambs. Bhai Sahib when looked up that the tree Guru Sahib was standing under was full of ambs, Bhai sahib laid down on the feets of Guru Shri Harrai Sahib Ji and served everyone with amb in dec month.
Gurudwara Singh Shaheedan - Sohana
This Gurdwara is situated in Village Sohana which is very close to the City. This Gurdwara is in the memory of martyrdom of Jathedar Baba Hanuman Singh and 500 Sikhs who won martyrdom at this place fighting against British forces during Anglo-Sikh Wars. Wooden shoes of martyrs have been preserved here. A Sarovar also exists inside Gurdwara Complex.
- Baba Banda Singh Bahadur War Memorial, which is one of the most best site and the most visited site by the tourists in the city.
- Gurudwara Angitha Sahib, Phase - 8
- Gurudwara Puddha Sahib Gurudwara Puddha Sahib - Zirakpur
- Gurudwara Nabha Sahib - Zirakpur
- National Agri-Food Biotechnology Institute (NABI)
- Chandigarh University, Gharuan
- Indian School of Business (ISB)
The Indian School of Business provides Post-Graduate programme (PGP) across two locations – Mohali and Hyderabad. The city campus is spread across 70 acres, facilitating education to 200 students.
- Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Mohali (IISER), Knowledge City
- National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER)
- Army Institute Of Law Sector 68, adjacent AWHO
- CMC (A TATA ENT.) Subsidiary Of Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), At phase Phase 10 Mohali, Mohali
- Shivalik Public School, Phase 6,
- SAUPIN'S SCHOOL, Sector-70
- IIPM, Mohali
- Mata Sahib Kaur College of Nursing, Chandigarh-Kharar Highway Balongi, Mohali (MSKCON)
- Rayat & Bahara Institute of Engineering & Technology, Sahauran
- Shaheed Udham Singh College of Engineering & Technology, Tangori, Mohali
- Chandigarh College of Education for Women (CCEW), Landran
- Chandigarh College of Engineering (CEC), Landran
- Chandigarh College of Pharmacy (CCP), Landran
- Chandigarh College of Hotel Management and Catering Technology (CCHM), Landran
- Chandigarh Engineering College (CEC), Landran
- GGS College of Modern Technology, Kharar
- SAS Institute of Information Technology and Research (SASIITR)
- C-DAC, that is engaged in research on state-of-the-art topics including Telemedicine.
- Gian Jyoti Public School
- The British School Sector 70. Affiliated with University of Cambridge International Examination Centre and C.B.S.E., Delhi
- Sacred Souls' School is located in a village in Gharuan district, (15 km from mohali, Chandigarh-Ludhiana Highway). The school is spread over an area of 18 acres. Its a co-educational, English medium school.
The city has a number of specialty hospitals. Government dispensaries also are present in some sectors.
Government Hospital Of Phase-6 is Oldest Hospital of the city.
The Fortis Hospital In Phase-8 Mohali Near PUDA Bhawan and Punjab Education Board Office. 'Indus Super Speciality Hospital', Phase 1 near old Mohali Barrier and 'Indus Hospital'-Phase 3B-2 provides 24 hours accident & emergency clinical services.
A 24 hour Chemist is available at Indus Hospital in Phase One & Phase 3B2.
- "Mohali is now Ajitgarh". The Times Of India. Retrieved 2012-08-09.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- "the finest, most energy-efficient SEZ development in India". QuarkCity. Retrieved 2012-06-29.
- "Nabha Sahib Gurdwara - Chandigarh Nabha Sahib Gurdwara - Gurudwara Nabha Sahib Near Chandigarh". Chandigarh.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-06-29.
- "Indian Institute of Science Education and Research MOHALI". Iisermohali.ac.in. Retrieved 2012-06-29.
- "Army Institute of Law". Army Institute of Law. Retrieved 2012-06-29.
- "CMC - Your IT Partner". Cmcltd.com. Retrieved 2012-06-29.
- "matasahibkaurcollegeofnursing.org". matasahibkaurcollegeofnursing.org. Retrieved 2013-10-19.
- "Top MCA colleges in Chandigarh - Management Institutes in chandigarh - SAS institute Mohali". Sasiitmohali.com. Retrieved 2012-06-29.
- C-DAC Mohali
- "The British School". The British School. Retrieved 2013-10-19.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ajitgarh.|
- Ajitgarh travel guide from Wikivoyage