Mohamed Gharib Bilal
|Dr Mohamed Gharib Bilal|
|9th Vice President of Tanzania|
6 November 2010
|Preceded by||Ali Mohamed Shein|
|4th Chief Minister of Zanzibar|
October 1995 – November 2000
|Preceded by||Omar Ali Juma|
|Succeeded by||Shamsi Vuai Nahodha|
|Permanent Secretary at the Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education|
|President||Ali Hassan Mwinyi|
6 February 1945 |
|Alma mater||Howard University
UC Berkeley (M.A.), (Ph.D)
|Positions||Lecturer, UDSM (1976-90)|
Mohamed Gharib Bilal (born 1945) is a Tanzanian politician who was Chief Minister of Zanzibar from October 1995 to 15 November 2000. He has been Vice President of Tanzania since 2010. He is a nuclear scientist by profession and served as Permanent Secretary at the Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education from 1990 to 1995.
Early life and career
Dr. Bilal completed his primary education at Makunduchi, district of Zanzibar in 1958 and attended his secondary education at Beit-el-ras in 1962 and later on joined Lumumba secondary schools in Zanzibar. Before completing Form Five Dr.Bilal received a Scholarship to go to America, where he studied physics at Howard University and graduated his first degree in physics and mathematics in 1967.
After undergraduate studies he joined the University of Berkeley in California for MA degree in Physics in 1969. After graduation he began work as assistant to the education, Teaching Assistant
Mohammed Gharib Bilal was a Research Assistant in 1976 until received a PhD in Physics from the University of California.
Later the same year he joined the University of Dar es Salaam as a lecturer in physics unit.
In 1983 he was elected head of the Department of Nuclear Physics.
In 1983 he participated to establish a national organization of radiation and contribute professional the preparation of draft of legislation which led to the law of use and control of the nuclear radiation in Tanzania.
In 1988 he was appointed head of the Faculty of Science at the University of Dar es Salaam and continue in office until 1990 when he was appointed Permanent Secretary in the new Ministry of Science Technology and Higher Education in 1990-1995.
As secretary-general he was involved in starting the process of sharing the costs of higher education and the introduction of credit. Also, the ministry introduced the Open University, along with establishing control over higher education institutions (accreditation council).
In 1988 Dr Bilal was a project initiator in Zanzibar's science camp aimed at motivating young people studying science and to help all secondary schools in Zanzibar (Unguja and Pemba) Getting equipment to facilitate testing of students to understand science more practical.
The project eventually was adopted by the Ministry of Education in Zanzibar. The project encouraged many young people to study science and give them the challenge of learning many different topics about Zanzibar environment.
As a teacher of the University Dr Bilal was able to participate in a board far away, such as the Commission of Science and Technology (COSTECH), Commission of radiation (NRC), chairman of the science panel of the Inter University Council of East Africa and also participated pioneering studies on environmental science (1990).
Mohammed Gharib Bilal got an opportunity to attend seminars and short courses in various professions, for example, seminars of [atomic agency] ([IAEA]) in 1980 Kwabena, Ghana. 1984/85. Fellowship University of Singapore. Also attended sessions each year with the organization of Atomic.
In 1995 Dr. Mohammed Gharib Bilal was appointed Chief Minister of the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar until 2000.
Dr Bilali has been serving in various positions at Chama Cha Mapinduzi such as a main Board member of National Executive Committee since 1995 and has been Lord of Regional and Urban West Coast Region. Since 2010 he has been Vice President of Tanzania, assisting President Jakaya Kikwete.