Mohamed Osman Jawari

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Mohamed Osman Jawari
محمد عثمان الجواري
Jawarimohd6.png
President of Somalia
Acting
In office
28 August 2012 – 16 September 2012
Prime Minister Abdiweli Mohamed Ali
Preceded by Muse Hassan Abdulle (Acting)
Succeeded by Hassan Sheikh Mohamud
Speaker of Parliament
Incumbent
Assumed office
28 August 2012
Deputy Jaylaani Nur Ikar
Preceded by Muse Hassan Abdulle (Acting)
Personal details
Born (1945-12-07) 7 December 1945 (age 69)
Afgooye, Somalia
Political party Independent
Alma mater Somali National University
Religion Islam

Prof. Mohamed Osman Jawari (Somali: Maxamed Cismaan Jawaari, Arabic: محمد عثمان الجواري‎) (born December 7, 1945 in Afgooye, Somalia) is a Somali attorney and politician. He is the current Speaker of the Federal Parliament of Somalia. He also briefly served as acting President of Somalia in August and September 2012.

Background[edit]

Personal life[edit]

Jawari was born in 1945 in the town of Afgooye, Somalia,[1] to a family from the Rahanweyn (Digil and Mirifle) clan.[2] He originally hails from the southern Bay and Bakool regions (now part of the Southwestern State of Somalia).[3]

Jawari is multilingual. Besides Somali, he also speaks Arabic, Italian, English and Norwegian.[4]

Education[edit]

After graduating from high school, Jawari earned a degree in Law from the Somali National University in Mogadishu.[1]

Early career[edit]

Jawari is a lawyer by profession.[3]

In a political capacity, he held the Minister of Transportation portfolio in the government of former President of Somalia Siad Barre, followed by a position as the Minister of Labor and Sports.[1][5]

After the civil war broke out in 1991, Jawari moved to Norway. He later returned to Somalia in the 2000s.[1]

Jawari was subsequently elected as chairman of the committee of specialists tasked with formulating Somalia's draft constitution,[1][5] putting to use his experience as a legal expert while working alongside UN officials.[2] The constitution was eventually adopted in July 2012.[5]

Speaker of the Federal Parliament[edit]

Appointment[edit]

In 2012, Jawari presented himself as a candidate in the first elections for a Speaker of the Federal Parliament to take place within Somalia in two decades.[1] In the televised and radio-broadcast parliamentary session held on 28 August 2012 at the Gen. Kahiye Police Academy near the Mogadishu International Airport, Jawari beat four other candidates for the post,[3][6] all of whom had previously served as government ministers during the transitional period. The hopefuls included Abdiabshir Abdullahi, Abdirashid Mohamed Hidig, Hassan Abshir Farah and Ali Khalif Galeyr,[7] a former Prime Minister in the Transitional National Government. Jawari received 119 votes during the first round of ballots versus 77 votes for Galeyr, who placed second. Galeyr subsequently withdrew from the race prior to the second round run-off and congratulated Jawari, who was then named the new Parliamentary Speaker.[6][5]

Following the parliamentary session, Jawari stated: "I am honoured to have been selected as the first speaker of a [Somali] parliament that is not transitional and I hope we can be a parliament that serves the people it represents[...] The election was held in a transparent way and I hope that Somalia will continue elections that are held in a democratic way[...] I am confident that this parliament will help Somalia achieve positive changes in security and governance".[1]

Representatives for the United Nations, the European Union and the United States government all welcomed Jawari's appointment, urging the Somali authorities to hold the scheduled presidential elections without delay. US ambassador to Somalia James C. Swan described the speakership ballot as an "historic election", with UN Special Envoy to Somalia Augustine Mahiga writing in a statement that "this is a moment of progress and optimism." Similarly, Alex Rondos, the EU Special Representative for the Horn of Africa, called Jawari's selection "another positive step forward."[8]

Jeylani Nur Ikar and Mahad Abdalle Awad were later chosen by parliament as Jawari's First and Second Deputy Speakers, respectively.[1]

President of Somalia[edit]

As Speaker of Parliament, Jawari also briefly served as acting President of Somalia while the parliament elected a new leader.[9][10] On 30 August 2012, the Federal Parliament convened and unanimously endorsed a new committee tasked with overseeing the presidential elections. At the parliamentary session chaired by Jawari, 15 MPs were named to the body, with former acting Speaker Muse Hassan Sheikh Sayid Abdulle appointed as the commission's chairperson.[11] Hassan Sheikh Mohamud then succeeded Jawari as President, having been elected on 10 September 2012 and inaugurated into office six days later.[12]

Parliamentary finance committee[edit]

In February 2014, Minister of Finance Hussein Abdi Halane announced the establishment of a new financial governance committee. The panel is part of an effort by the central authorities to build a more transparent financial system in order to attract additional foreign budget assistance. It will see Somali officials confer with World Bank, International Monetary Fund and African Development Bank representatives, with committee members tasked with providing advice on financial matters.[13] On 29 March 2014, during a parliamentary session, Parliament Speaker Jawari also announced that all withdrawals from the Central Bank would as of 1 April 2014 require the written approval of the parliamentary finance committee.[14]

Southwestern State[edit]

On 22 June 2014, the federal government concluded its mediation between the supporters of the parallel three-region and six-region processes for a new Southwestern State of Somalia. Wings from both sides had reportedly reached an agreement on the prospective regional state's formation. On 23 June 2014, the office of Federal Parliament Speaker Jawari hosted an event announcing the merger of the two competing administrations into a single three-region state, which is to be composed of the Bay, Bakool and Lower Shabelle provinces.[15]

Somali National University[edit]

In October 2014, Jawari and Minister of Culture and Higher Education Duale Adan Mohamed officially opened the first academic year of the Somali National University in Mogadishu. The institution was established in 1974, but later closed down operations in 1991 after the collapse of the central government and the start of the civil war. It was subsequently refurbished and reopened in 2014 after a federal government plan was approved by the Cabinet. Speaking at the university's inauguration ceremony, Jawari described the institution as a pillar of the national education system and noted that it produced many graduates who would go on to assume important leadership positions in the country. He also urged the new pupils to take advantage of the opportunity at hand, and encouraged them to actively participate in the post-conflict reconstruction initiatives. Mohamed in turn emphasized the federal government's commitment to promoting higher education.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Mohamed, Mahmoud (29 August 2012). "Somalia successfully concludes first elections in over 20 years". Sabahi. Retrieved 30 August 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Mohamed Osman Jawari elected as new Somali parliament speaker". Middle East Online. 28 August 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Somalia: Federal MPs vote Mohamed Osman Jawari as new Parliament Speaker". Garowe Online. 28 August 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Said, Shukri (7 September 2012). "Somalia. Jawari nuovo presidente, Mogadiscio incrocia le dita". Migrare. Retrieved 7 October 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Somali Parliament Elects Speaker for New Gov’t". Voice of America. 28 August 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  6. ^ a b Osman, Mohamed (28 August 2012). "Somalia gets new federal parliament speaker". Somaliweyn. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  7. ^ "Five Candidates in Race for Somali Parliament Speaker". Shabelle Media Network. 27 August 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  8. ^ "Somalia 'must hold presidential vote without delay'". ANP/AFP. 29 August 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2012. 
  9. ^ "Countries Se-So - Somalia". Rulers.org. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  10. ^ "Office of the President". Office of the Somali President. Retrieved 3 September 2012. 
  11. ^ "SOMALIA: New Parliament endorses presidential election commission". RBC Radio. 30 August 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  12. ^ Somali lawmakers elect Mohamud as next president
  13. ^ Blair, Edmund (26 February 2014). "Somali minister cautiously plans new tax regime". Reuters. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  14. ^ "Somali parliament outlaws money withdrawals from Central Bank without their approval". SomaliCurrent. 30 March 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  15. ^ "Somalia: Federal Govt to recognize three-region state following lengthy mediation". Garowe Online. 22 June 2014. Retrieved 23 June 2014. 
  16. ^ "Somalia: Jawari officially opens the first academic year of Somali National University". Goobjoog. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Muse Hassan Abdulle
Acting
President of Somalia
Acting

2012
Succeeded by
Hassan Sheikh Mohamud