Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani

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Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani
محمدرضا مهدوی کنی
Mahdavi Kani.jpg
Mahdavi Kani in 1982
Acting Prime Minister of Iran
In office
2 September 1981 – 29 October 1981
President Ali Khamenei
Preceded by Mohammad-Javad Bahonar
Succeeded by Mir-Hossein Mousavi
Minister of Interior
In office
20 August 1980 – 1 October 1981
Prime Minister Mohammad-Ali Rajai
Mohammad-Javad Bahonar
Preceded by Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Succeeded by Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri
Minister of Justice
In office
12 August 1980 – 20 August 1980
Prime Minister Mohammad-Ali Rajai
Preceded by Ahmad Sayyed Javadi
Succeeded by Assodollah Mobasheri
Chairman of the Assembly of Experts
In office
8 March 2011 – 21 October 2014
Deputy Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi
Preceded by Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Succeeded by Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi
Leader of the CCA
In office
1 May 1979 – 21 October 2014
Preceded by Morteza Motahhari
Succeeded by Ali Movahedi-Kermani
Personal details
Born (1931-08-25)25 August 1931
Kan District, Tehran, Iran
Died 21 October 2014(2014-10-21) (aged 83)
Tehran, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Political party CCA
Spouse(s) Nesa Khaton Sorkhei (1960–2014, his death)
Children Maryam (b. 1961)
Mohammad Saeed (b. 1966)
Mehdieh (b. 1972)[1]
Alma mater Qom Seminary
Imam Sadiq University
Religion Shia Islam
Website Official website

Mohammad Reza Mahdavi Kani (Persian: محمدرضا مهدوی کنی ‎, 25 August 1931 – 21 October 2014) was an Iranian cleric, writer and conservative politician who was Acting Prime Minister of Iran from 2 September until 29 October 1981. Before that, he was Minister of Interior and Minister of Justice in the cabinets of Mohammad-Ali Rajai and Mohammad-Javad Bahonar. He was the leader of Combatant Clergy Association and Chairman of the Assembly of Experts and also founder and president of Imam Sadiq University.

On 4 June 2014, Mahdavi Kani was hospitalized in Bahman Hospital and went into a coma after suffering a heart attack. He died on 21 October 2014.[2]

Early life[edit]

Mahdavi Kani was born on 25 August 1931 in the village of Kan, near Tehran.[3] His father was an Ayatollah and taught in the Mofid School. After he finished basic education in Kan, he studied at Borhan High School in Tehran. He left for Qom in 1947 to study at a religious seminary.[4] His teachers included Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Grand Ayatollah Seyyed Mohammad Reza Golpayegani, Grand Ayatollah Seyyed Hossein Boroujerdi and Allameh Sayyed Muhammad Husayn Tabatabaei.

Career[edit]

After the demise of Ayatollah Boroujerdi, Mahdavi Kani went back to Tehran and continued his struggle against the Pahlavi regime, something which he had started since he was 18, during the time of Ayatollah Boroujerdi. He was considerably active and effective in his participation in the Islamic movement of Iran led by Khomeini. Before the Islamic Revolution, he was appointed by Khomeini to the Revolutionary Council and later took up various political and religious positions. He is the leader of the Combatant Clergy Association, which he cofounded in 1977.[4]

He was appointed chief of the Central Provisional Komiteh for the Islamic Revolution that was a body in charge of trials and executions of the civil and military officials of the Pahlavi era.[5]

He served as the minister of interior in the cabinet of Mohammad-Ali Rajai to succeeding Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. He was reappointed as minister of interior in the cabinet of Mohammad-Javad Bahonar. He became the interim prime minister on 2 September 1981 and was in office until 29 October 1981.[6] He was also chairman of provisional presidential council, after the assassination of president Mohammad Ali Rajai and prime minister Mohammad Javad Bahonar. He has also been a member of the Constitutional Amendment Council of Iran, appointed by Ayatollah Khomeini, the Supreme Leader of Iran, to review and amend the Constitution of Iran in 1989. He was also elected as member of the assembly in 2008 in a by-election from Tehran.

Mahdavi Kani is the founder and former head of Imam Sadiq University in Tehran, a university specializing in humanities.

He was elected as chairman of the Assembly of Experts on 8 March 2011 after Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani resigned from office.[7] In March 2013, he was reelected to the post for further two years.[7][8]

Illness and death[edit]

He was hospitalized for a stroke on Ruhollah Khomeini's death anniversary, which brought him to coma on 4 June 2014.[9] He was in coma for more than five months and died on 21 October 2014 at the age of 83.[2] Mahdavi Kani was survived by his three children, eight grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. Hours after Mahdavi Kani's death, his office announced that his state funeral will be held on 23 October and his body will be buried at Shah-Abdol-Azim shrine.[10] Iranian President, Hassan Rouhani also announced two days of mourning in his memorial.[11]

Works[edit]

Some of his works published are: The Beginning Points in Practical Ethics; the Origins and Basis of Islamic Economy and the Book of Beest goftar (20 Discourses).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Conversation with Mahdavi Kani's daughter
  2. ^ a b "Head of Assembly of Experts dies at 83". 
  3. ^ Mahdavi Kani biography
  4. ^ a b Shone, Alex. "Ayatollah Mohammad Reza Mahdavi-Kani: profile of the new chairman of Iran's Assembly of Experts". Defence Viewpoints. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "Law And Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran" (Report). Amnesty International. 13 March 1980. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Hosseini, Mir M. "Interim Government Formed". Fourman. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "Iran's Assembly of Experts re-elects Mahdavi-Kani as chairman". Xinhua. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  8. ^ Karami, Arash (6 March 2013). "Iran Mourns Passing of Hugo Chavez". Al Monitor. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  9. ^ http://www.khabaronline.ir/detail/358505.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ Mahdavi Kani's burial place was announced
  11. ^ President announced two days of mourning on Mahdavi Kani memorial

See also[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Ahmad Sayyed Javadi
Minister of Justice
1980
Succeeded by
Assodollah Mobasheri
Preceded by
Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Minister of Interior
1980–1981
Succeeded by
Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri
Preceded by
Mohammad-Javad Bahonar
Acting Prime Minister of Iran
1981
Succeeded by
Mir-Hossein Mousavi
Preceded by
Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Chairman of the Assembly of Experts
2011–2014
Succeeded by
Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi
Acting
Party political offices
Preceded by
Morteza Motahari
Secretary-General of Combatant Clergy Association
1979–2014
Succeeded by
Ali Movahedi-Kermani
Academic offices
Preceded by
Office created
President of Imam Sadiq University
1982–2014
Succeeded by
Mohammad Bagheri