Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani

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Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani
محمدرضا مهدوی کنی
Mahdavi Kani.jpg
Mahdavi Kani in 1982
Chairman of the Assembly of Experts
Incumbent
Assumed office
8 March 2011
Deputy Mohammad Yazdii
Preceded by Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Acting Prime Minister of Iran
In office
2 September 1981 – 29 October 1981
President Ali Khamenei
Preceded by Mohammad-Javad Bahonar
Succeeded by Mir-Hossein Mousavi
Minister of the Interior
In office
20 August 1980 – 1 October 1981
President Abulhassan Banisadr
Mohammad-Ali Rajai
Prime Minister Mohammad-Ali Rajai
Mohammad-Javad Bahonar
Preceded by Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Succeeded by Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri
Personal details
Born (1931-04-08) 8 April 1931 (age 83)
Kan District, Tehran, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Political party Combatant Clergy Association
Residence Tehran, Iran
Religion Shia Islam
Website Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani

Mohammad Reza Mahdavi Kani (Persian: محمدرضا مهدوی کنی ‎, 8 April 1931) is an Iranian cleric, conservative politician, writer and current chairman of the Assembly of Experts. He is also the current leader of Combatant Clergy Association.

Early life[edit]

Mahdavi Kani was born on 8 April 1931 in the village of Kan, near Tehran.[1] His father was an Ayatollah and taught in the Mofid School. After he finished basic education in Kan, he studied at Borhan High School in Tehran.[1] He left for Qom in 1947 to study at a religious seminary.[2] His teachers included Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Grand Ayatollah Seyyed Mohammad Reza Golpayegani, Grand Ayatollah Seyyed Hossein Boroujerdi and Allameh Sayyed Mohammad Hossein Tabatabai.[1]

Career[edit]

After the demise of Ayatollah Boroujerdi, Mahdavi Kani went back to Tehran and continued his struggle against the Pahlavi regime, something which he had started since he was 18, during the time of Ayatollah Boroujerdi.[1] He was considerably active and effective in his participation in the Islamic movement of Iran led by Khomeini. Before the Islamic Revolution, he was appointed by Khomeini to the Revolutionary Council and later took up various political and religious positions. He is the leader of the Combatant Clergy Association, which he cofounded in 1977.[2]

He was appointed chief of the Central Provisional Komiteh for the Islamic Revolution that was a body in charge of trials and executions of the civil and military officials of the Pahlavi era.[3]

He served as the minister of interior in the cabinet of Mohammad-Ali Rajai to succeeding Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. He was reappointed as minister of interior in the cabinet of Mohammad-Javad Bahonar. He became the interim prime minister on 2 September 1981 and was in office until 29 October 1981.[4] He was also chairman of provisional presidential council, after the assassination of president Mohammad Ali Rajai and prime minister Mohammad Javad Bahonar. He has also been a member of the Constitutional Amendment Council of Iran, appointed by Ayatollah Khomeini, the Supreme Leader of Iran, to review and amend the Constitution of Iran in 1989. He was also elected as member of the assembly in 2008 in a by-election from Tehran.

Mahdavi Kani is the founder and current head of Imam Sadegh University in Tehran, a university specializing in humanities.

He was elected as chairman of the Assembly of Experts on 8 March 2011 after Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani resigned from office.[5] In March 2013 he was reelected to the post for further two years.[5][6]

Works[edit]

Some of his works published are: The Beginning Points in Practical Ethics; the Origins and Basis of Islamic Economy and the Book of Beest goftar (20 Discourses).

Disease[edit]

On June 4, 2014 he was hospitalized for a stroke, which brought him to coma. [7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Sahimi, Mohammad (14 March 2011). "Rafsanjani's Exit from Power: What Next?". PBS. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Shone, Alex. "Ayatollah Mohammad Reza Mahdavi-Kani: profile of the new chairman of Iran's Assembly of Experts". Defence Viewpoints. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Law And Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran" (Report). Amnesty International. 13 March 1980. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  4. ^ Hosseini, Mir M. "Interim Government Formed". Fourman. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Iran's Assembly of Experts re-elects Mahdavi-Kani as chairman". Xinhua. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Karami, Arash (6 March 2013). "Iran Mourns Passing of Hugo Chavez". Al Monitor. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  7. ^ http://www.khabaronline.ir/detail/358505.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

See also[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Interior minister of Iran
1980–1981
Succeeded by
Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri
Preceded by
Mohammad Javad Bahonar
Acting Prime Minister of Iran
1981
Succeeded by
Mir-Hossein Mousavi
Preceded by
Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Chairman of the Assembly of Experts
2011–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Morteza Motahari
Secretary-General of Combatant Clergy Association
1979–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent