Mohammad Hasan Sharq

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mohammad Hasan Sharq
No image.png
Chairman of the Council of Ministers
In office
26 May 1988 – 21 February 1989
President Mohammad Najibullah
Preceded by Sultan Ali Keshtmand
Succeeded by Sultan Ali Keshtmand
Personal details
Born 1925
Political party Independent[1]

Mohammad Hasan Sharq (born 1925) was an Afghan politician during the communist regime of Afghanistan. Sharq became Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet-backed government, the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.

He was selected as a compromise candidate after the Loya Jirga ratified a new constitution in 1987. However, the power of his office was relatively small compared with the ones of the Presidency.

Career[edit]

Sharq served as spokesman for earlier Chairman of the Council of Ministers Mohammad Daoud Khan during the Kingdom of Afghanistan. When Daoud took over the Cabinet Posts of Prime Minister, Defense Minister and Foreign Minister, He appointed Sharq as his Deputy Prime Minister.[1]

In March 1986, Afghan foreign minister Abdul Wakil invited mujahideen leaders, former King Zahir Shah and ex-ministers from previous governments to join a government of national unity to rebuild the war-torn country.

The new parliament that convened on May 30, 1989, two weeks after the Geneva Accords became effective and the beginning of the Soviet troop withdrawal in 1989, consisted of 184 lower house deputies and 115 senators; 62 house and 82 senate seats were left vacant for the resistance "opposition." As a compromise candidate, Sharq was selected by President Mohammad Najibullah to be the new Chairman of the Council of Ministers, replacing Sultan Ali Keshtmand.[1]

The appointment was intended dramatically to reinforce the point that the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) was going to take a back seat. However, the new constitution vested key powers in the Presidency, and President Najibullah did not give up that central role.

Sharq had served as the regime's Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers since June 1987 and before that as its Ambassador to India. [2] In any event, Sharq's association with the Parcham faction, dating back to the Daoud government, made the "non-PDPA" appellation meaningless. Likewise, on June 7, when Sharq announced his cabinet, consisting of 11 new members and 10 former ones, the non-party credentials of the "new" ministers were undermined by the fact that most had served the regime government previously in other capacities. Furthermore, the powerful ministries of interior, state security, and foreign affairs remained in PDPA hands.

The major exception was the effort to enlist a resistance commander or a respected retired general from an earlier era to become minister of defense. This post remained open for some time, but in August it was finally given to Army Chief of Staff General Shahnawaz Tanai of the Khalq faction.

Thus, almost two years after he announced the national reconciliation policy in January 1987, President Najibullah was unable to attract a single major figure of the resistance or prominent Afghan refugee to join the government. During 1988, two new provinces were created -Sar-e-pol in the north and Nuristan in the northeast- by carving out territory from adjoining provinces. In each case, the purpose appears to have been to create a new entity where an ethnic minority, the Hazaras and Nuristanis respectively, would dominate.

This readjustment would guarantee representation in the new parliament for these ethnic groups. At the same time, the Sharq government had abolished the special ministry for nationalities that carried connotations of a Soviet-style system. In February 1989, Sharq resigned from the government of President Najibullah, a move underscoring the failure thus far by Afghans to establish a government of national reconciliation.

A resident of the Anar Dara district in the western Farah province, Dr Hasan Sharq had been prime minister in the Dr Najibullah government from 1986 to 1990. He also served as spokesman for then prime minister Daud Khan and his Milli Ghurzang Party.

Cabinet[edit]

Office Incumbent Took office Left office
Chairman of the Council of Ministers Mohammad Hasan Sharq 16 June 1988 21 February 1989
Minister of Foreign Affairs Abdul Wakil 16 June 1988
Minister of Defence Lieut. Gen. Shahnawaz Tanai 16 June 1988
Minister of Interior Maj. Gen. Sayed Mohammad Gulabzoy 16 June 1988
Minister of State Security Gen. Ghulam Faruq Yaqubi 16 June 1988
Minister of Finance Hamidullah Tarzi 16 June 1988
Minister of Justice Muhammad Bashir Baghlani 16 June 1988
Permanent Representative to the United Nations Shah Muhammad Dost 16 June 1988
Minister of Communications General Mohammad Aslam Watanjar 16 June 1988
Minister of Commerce Mohammad Khan Jalallar 16 June 1988
Minister of Returnees Affairs Abdul Ghafur 16 June 1988
Minister of Tribal Affairs Sulaiman Layeq 16 June 1988
Minister of Planning Sultan Husain 16 June 1988
Minister of Rural Development Mohammad Asef Zaher 16 June 1988
Minister of Agriculture, Land Reform Muhammad Ghofran 16 June 1988
Minister of Public Health Abdul Fatah Najm 16 June 1988
Minister of Education Ghulam Rasul 16 June 1988
Minister of Higher Education Nur Ahmad Barits 16 June 1988
Minister of Mines, Industry Muhammad Ishaq Kawa 16 June 1988
Minister of Transport Muhammad Aziz 16 June 1988
Minister of Construction Nazar Muhammad 16 June 1988
Minister of Civil Aviation Pacha Gul Wafadar 16 June 1988
Minister of Light Industry, Foodstuffs Dost Muhammad Fazl 16 June 1988
Minister of Water, Power Raz Muhammad Paktin 16 June 1988
Minister of Information Ahmad Bashir Ruigar 9 July 1988
Minister without Portfolio Nematullah Pazhwak 16 June 1988
Gen. Ghulam Faruq Yaqubi
Fazl Haq Khaliqyar
Shah Muhammad Dost
Sarjang Khan Jaji
Adamec, Ludwig (2011). Historical Dictionary of Afghanistan. Scarecrow Press. pp. 80–81. ISBN 978-0-8108-7815-0. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Willem Vogelsang. The Afghans. Google Books. ISBN 978-0-631-19841-3. Retrieved 2009-03-22. 
  2. ^ Ed 2002 43rd, Taylor & Francis Group. The Europa World Year Book 2003. Google Books. ISBN 978-1-85743-227-5. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Unknown
Deputy Prime Minister of Afghanistan
1973-?
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Unknown
Deputy Prime Minister of Afghanistan
June, 1987 – 1987
Succeeded by
Abdul Rahim Hatef
Preceded by
Sultan Ali Keshtmand
Prime Minister of Afghanistan
26 May 1988 - 21 February 1989
Succeeded by
Sultan Ali Keshtmand