Mohammad Hashim Maiwandwal

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Mohammad Hashim Maiwandwal
Prime Minister of Afghanistan
In office
2 November 1965 – 11 October 1967
Monarch Mohammed Zahir Shah
Preceded by Mohammad Yusuf
Succeeded by Abdullah Yaqta (Acting)
Personal details
Born 1919
Died October 1, 1973
Political party Progressive Democratic Party of Afghanistan

Mohammad Hashim Maiwandwal (Pashto: محمد هاشم میوندوال‎ - b:1919 d:1973) was an Afghan politician during the reign of Zahir Shah.

Biography[edit]

After graduating from high school, Mohammad Hashim became a journalist, editing several newspapers. During the 1950s, he was appointed as an Afghan ambassador to Britain, the United States and Pakistan alternately from 1955 to 1963.

In October 1965, following the election of the new legislature, an impasse over its approval of the new cabinet brought rioting and the intervention by the army, leading to the death of at least three student demonstrators.

The proposed cabinet was withdrawn, and the constitution of a new one under the leadership of Muhammad Hashim Maiwandwal, a senior diplomat, was approved with little opposition. Nominated by the King, he quickly established friendly relations with the students, while making it clear that he was in charge and there were going to be limits to student political activity.

He served as prime minister of Afghanistan from November 2, 1965 until October 11, 1967. He resigned due to ill health. Maiwandwal had no children, and he left all his property to the state.

In 1966 he founded the Jam’iat Demokrate-ye Mottaraqi (Progressive Democratic Party), a leftist monarchist party. It advocated evolutionary socialism and parliamentary democracy. Maiwandwal, who was elected in 1965, lost his seat when the government selectively influenced the elections.

The rise of Daud to power after the 1973 coup was galling to other would-be successors, such as Sardar Abdul Wali who was quickly put behind bars. A coup attempt, which may have been planned before Daoud took power, was subdued shortly after his coup.

Whether Maiwandwal was in on the plot from the start is open to question, but his pro western reputation may explain why he was chosen for its leadership. This led to the arrest of Hashim Maiwandwal and 20 others, including the newly promoted chief of air staff, two serving lieutenant generals, five colonels and one member of the now defunct Wolesi Jirga.

In October 1973, he was said to have committed suicide while awaiting trial. He died in prison at a time when Parchamis controlled the Ministry of Interior under circumstances corroborating the widespread belief that he had been tortured to death. That is the main reason the international community in Kabul believes that he was killed when third degree methods were used to obtain a confession. He actually died from internal haemorrhages resulting from being kicked in the abdomen by the chief Parchami in charge of his interrogation, while lying on the floor as a result of previous blows. His body was secretly buried by the police department in the graveyard at south-east of the city [shuhada-i-salehin], which was discovered in 2004 by Daoud Malikyar.[1]

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mohammad Yusuf
Prime Minister of Afghanistan
1965 – 1967
Succeeded by
Abdullah Yaqta
Acting