Mohammad Roem

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Mohammad Roem
Mohammad Roem.jpg
Mohammad Roem, c. 1950
4th Foreign Minister of Indonesia
In office
September 6, 1950 – March 20, 1951[1]
President Soekarno
Preceded by Agus Salim
Succeeded by Achmad Soebardjo
4th Interior Minister of Indonesia
In office
October 2, 1946 – June 27, 1947[1]
President Soekarno
Preceded by Sudarsono
Succeeded by Wondoamiseno
In office
November 11, 1947 – January 29, 1948
President Soekarno
Preceded by Wondoamiseno
Succeeded by Soekiman Wirjosandjojo
In office
April 3, 1952 – July 30, 1953[1]
President Sukarno
Preceded by Iskak Tjokrodisurjo
Succeeded by Hazairin
Personal details
Born (1908-05-16)May 16, 1908
Temanggung, Central Java, Dutch East Indies
Died September 24, 1983(1983-09-24) (aged 75)
Jakarta, Indonesia
Nationality Indonesia
Religion Islam

Mohammad Roem ([moˈhamad ˈrʊm]; born Temanggung 16 May 1908 – died Jakarta 24 September 1983) was a diplomat and one of Indonesia's leaders in the Indonesian war for independence. During Soekarno presidency, he served as Deputy Prime Minister, Foreign Minister, and later Minister of Home Affairs.

He was most notable for taking part in Roem – van Roijen Agreement during Indonesian revolution.

Early life[edit]

Roem was born in Parakan, Temanggung, West Java, on 16 May 1908. His father's name was Dulkarnaen Djojosasmito, and his mother's name was Siti Tarbijah.[2] He moved to Pekalongan because Parakan was hit by an outbreak of infectious diseases like cholera, plague, and influenza.[3] In 1915, he studied at Volksschool and two years later continued to Hollandse Inlandsche School until 1924.[4][5] In 1924, he received a scholarship to study at the School tot Opleiding van Inlandsche Artsen ("school for the training of native physicians", STOVIA) after attending government examinations.[5] Three years later, he completed the preliminary test and was transferred to Algemene Middelbare School, and graduated in 1930.[6] After attending the admission test of Medical College, and was rejected, he turned to law, entering Rechts Hoogeschool in 1932 and obtained the degree Meester in de Rechten in 1939.[7][5]

Career[edit]

During the Indonesian national awakening, he was active at several organizations such as Jong Islamieten Bond in 1924 and Sarekat Islam in 1925.[8] During the revolution, he was a member of Indonesian delegation at the Linggarjati Agreement (1946) and Renville Agreement (1948). In 1949, he was also the leader of the delegation at the Roem – van Roijen Agreement, that discussed Indonesia's boundaries, and was signed on May 7, 1949.[9]

As a state official, he served as interior minister in the Sjahrir III Cabinet, foreign minister during the Natsir Cabinet, interior minister during the Wilopo Cabinet, and deputy prime minister during the Ali Sastroamidjojo II Cabinet.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Roem married Markisah Dahlia in 1932. They had two children; a boy, Roemoso, born in 1933 and a girl, Rumeisa, born in 1939.[5]

Death[edit]

Roem died in September 1983 from a lung disorder, leaving a wife and two children.[10]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]


Preceded by
Sudarsono
Interior Minister of Indonesia
1946–47
Succeeded by
Wondoamiseno
Preceded by
Wondoamiseno

1947–48
Succeeded by
Soekiman Wirjosandjojo
Preceded by
Iskak Tjokrodisurjo

1952–53
Succeeded by
Hazairin
Preceded by
Mohammad Hatta
Foreign Minister of Indonesia
1950–1951
Succeeded by
Achmad Soebardjo