Mohammad al-Husayni al-Shirazi
Najaf, Kingdom of Iraq
|Died||December 17, 2001
Qom, Islamic Republic of Iran
|Other names||King of Authors (سلطان المؤلفين)|
|Known for||The New Order for the World of Faith, Freedom, Welfare and Peace|
Muhammad Shirazi was born in the holy city of Najaf, Iraq, in AD 1928 (1347 AH). He was born into a Persian clerical family. Other members of the Shirazi family are Grand Ayatollah Mirza Hassan Shirazi, leader of Iran's constitutional movement, also known as the Tobacco Movement, and Grand Ayatollah Muhammad Taqi Shirazi, leader of the 1920 revolution in Iraq. Al-Shirazi's father, the late Grand Ayatollah Mehdi Shirazi, was a leading scholar and the Marja'. Al-Shirazi was subsequently able to assume the office of the Marje' at the early age of 33 in 1961.
In 1971 he was exiled from Iraq to Lebanon by the Ba'thist regime. He later stayed in Kuwait until the Islamic Revolution in Iran. With fellow Shia Islamist clerics in power in Iran, Al-Shirazi in 1979 moved to Iran and settled in Qom. In Kuwait he was influential in the rise of religious radicalism, and also indirectly affecting religious discourse among Sunnis.
Shirazi had established many Islamic centers, medical and charitable financial services, educational, welfare and social foundations, libraries, and Hawzah's, or universities for Islamic Sciences, in different regions of the world. Hundreds of individuals have graduated from his school as scholars, lecturers, authors and intellectuals.
Al-Shirazi was initially an important figure within Iran's Islamic Republic with his supporters in key roles within the Iranian state in the 1980s. Al-Shirazi fell out with Ayatollah Khomeini and other senior clerics as the revolution progressed.
After his departure, his legacy and school of thought was continued through the Hawzah'a which he had established. His brother Sadiq Hussaini Shirazi is at the helm of this school of thought  today. Sadiq Hussaini Shirazi is a leading religious authority in his own right today.
His followers were at times mistreated by the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran. In 1995, one of his sons Seyd Morteza Shirazi was imprisoned for 18 months after which "reportedly escaped to Syria and has requested political asylum, the INP reported in Tehran."
Amnesty International reports that in Iran:
several followers of Grand Ayatollah Sayed Mohammad Shirazi were detained during . In January Sheikh Mohammad Amin Ghafoori, a well-known religious figure and writer, his wife, and Sayed Hossein Fali were arrested in Qom. There were reports that they were beaten during arrest and tortured in detention. Sayed Hossein Fali was reported to have been released in June. Sheikh Mohammad Amin Ghafoori was said to have been sentenced in July to two and a half years' imprisonment by the Special Court for the Clergy, whose procedures fell far short of international standards. In October, five other followers of Grand Ayatollah Shirazi, including Reza Sultani, were reported to have been arrested and they remained held incommunicado at the end of the year. Sheikh Sadiq Za'eemiyan has also been harassed.
Seven students arrested in November 1995, apparently on account of their links with Grand Ayatollah Shirazi (see Amnesty International Reports 1996 and 1997), were released in June. However, two of them, Aman Allah Bushehri and Sheikh Mohammad Qahtani, were reportedly rearrested in July and August respectively.
According to reports, methods of torture used against some of these detainees have included beatings, prolonged sleep deprivation, electric shocks and threatened execution by electrocution after attaching electrodes to the body. Sheikh Ali Maash is said to have required medical treatment after his release for the effects of torture, including for a toe on his right foot which was broken and left untreated." 
||The neutrality of this section is disputed. (September 2012)|
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (September 2012)|
Imam Shirazi has written various specialized studies that are considered to be among the most important references in the Islamic sciences of beliefs or doctrine, ethics, politics, economics, sociology, law, human rights, etc. He has enriched the world with his staggering contribution of more than 1200 books, treatise and studies on various branches of learning. His works range from simple introductory books for the young generations to literary and scientific masterpieces. Deeply rooted in the holy Qur'an and the Teachings of the Prophet of Islam, his vision and theories cover areas such as Politics, Economics, Government, Management, Sociology, Theology, Philosophy, History and Islamic Law.
Assad Ali, a poet and professor of Arabic literature, called him the King of Authors, because Imam Shirazi has been considered as the most prolific Arabian writer ever. Assad Ali tried several times to set a record in Guinness World Records, but the publisher denied.
Imam Shirazi believed in the fundamental and elementary nature of freedom including freedom of expression, political plurality, debate and discussion, tolerance and forgiveness. He believed in the Consultative System of Leadership and called for the establishment of the Leadership Council of Religious Authorities. He called for the establishment of the Universal Islamic Government to encompass all the Muslim countries. These and other ideas are discussed in detail in his books.
- The Qur'an When was it compiled?
- The Family
- On the question of the Bible and Christianity
- War, Peace & Nonviolence: An Islamic Perspective
- Islamic Beliefs For All
- Hajj: Duties and Rulings
- If Islam were to be established'
- The Islamic System of Government
- Aspects of the Political Theory of Ayatollah Muhammad Shirazi