Mohammed Ali (artist)

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Mohammed Ali
Born (1979-07-21) 21 July 1979 (age 35)
Sparkbrook, Birmingham, West Midlands, England
Nationality British
Known for Street art, Graffiti, Street painting
Movement Urban spiritual art, Islamic graffiti
Awards Arts Council England – Diversity Award (2009)
Website
www.aerosolarabic.com

Mohammed Ali (Bengali: মুহাম্মদ আলি; born 21 July 1979, also known as Aerosol Arabic, is an English street artist. He is well known for combining street art with Islamic script and patterns.

Early life[edit]

Ali was born and brought up in Sparkbrook, Birmingham, England.[1] Ali grew up with Irish and South Asian children in his neighbourhood.[2]

Ali's parents were born in Bangladesh and came to the United Kingdom[3] in the early 1960s.[4] In the 1970s, his father bought his first fish and chip shop,[1] and later went into the restaurant business.[4]

Ali felt a misfit at his school, being one of only a handful of Muslims in the overwhelmingly Anglo student body.[5] As a youth, he found himself torn between an Islamic upbringing and the Birmingham's thriving club scene.[5] In his late teens and early twenties, Ali entrenched himself in the urban Hip hop music scene, a lifestyle of late nights and partying that he said eventually left him disillusioned.[6]

Ali was seven when he saw his first book on graffiti, which was brought home by his older brother. Three years later, he got his first spray can. Ali used to do illegal graffiti and sprayed his first wall at the age of 14.[7] Since the early 1980s,[8][9] Ali has been an active artist, he was inspired by the Subway art movement[10] and by New York graffiti.[11] Ali would find the ugliest wall and resolve to turn it into a piece of art by adding colour rather than tagging his name.[5]

At around the age of 20,[3] a friend of Ali's died in a car accident[12] and another friend died of a drug overdose.[6] This led Ali to re-discovering his religion, Islam,[3] and his outlook in life began to change.[13][14] In 2002, Ali graduated from De Montfort University with a degree in Multimedia Design.[3][10][15]

From 2001 to June 2005, Ali worked in the computer-games industry as a designer for Full-Fat Gaming. However, after being disillusioned with using his creative skills for commercial benefit, he left the commercial games sector and began exploring with creating art with what he thought was a better purpose.[10]

Career[edit]

2000-2004[edit]

In 2000, Ali stopped "creating art without permission"[5] and started to fuse Islamic script, and patterns with graffiti art.[15] He is based in United Kingdom and has painted murals in major cities including, from New York, Chicago, Toronto, Melbourne, Dubai,[16] Kuala Lumpur[17][18] Sydney,[19] Copenhagen, Stockholm[20] as well as UK cities.[21] Ali only paints where he has permission.[22]

In 2004, Ali was commissioned alongside other Islamic artists to do the artwork for the UK launch of Sony's PSP.[23]

2006-2008[edit]

In 2006, Ali's work was exhibited in Dubai. Later in the year, Copenhagen Skate Park hosted to an alternative art and design festival with DJs and exhibitions, and a presentation by Ali about his work.[23]

In April 2007, Ali toured the United States on the "Arts and Islam" tour,[24] which was co-organised by Arts Council England.[13][14] He travelled to Chicago, New York and Boston to paint[25] wall murals. This was accompanied by presentations at museums and universities.[20]

On 12 April 2007, after started work on a mural on the side of a mosque run by the Islamic Circle of North America, in Chicago. However, after one day, Ali had to stop work on the mural and plans for the mural were postponed, which was about 5-10 percent complete because organizers at the mosque failed to get the necessary permits for the project. However, the oversight only surfaced after an anonymous call about the mural to the office of Ald. Bernard Stone (50th). Stone said what might have prompted the call was a misunderstanding of what the mural depicted: The letter 'a' (Alif) in Arabic looks like a slanted column, and the a's in the last syllable of the word "Salaam" may have looked like the falling World Trade Center towers in the September 11 attacks. The mural depicts a cityscape against a light blue background; dark blue Islamic patterns are sprayed on each side. Layered over the scene is the word "Salaam", written in Arabic, which means "peace and blessings be upon you".[6][8]

The following week, in The Bronx, New York, Ali painted a memorial mural as a tribute to ten members of two Muslim immigrant families from Mali, which included five children from the extended Magassa family and four children and the mother of the Soumare family who died in an apartment fire on 7 March 2007. From right to left, in Arabic was written "From God we came", and then, in English, "To Him we shall return". The art supplies were provided by the Islamic Circle of North America.[26][27]

In September 2008, Ali painted murals on walls in Burnley as part of the Love and Etiquette Foundation's Jamaal project.[28]

In October 2008, he produced a four-by-two-metre painting that features the Sydney Harbour Bridge and blends Arthur Stace's signature graphic with the Arabic phrase "As-Samad", which corresponds to "the eternal". His painting was given to the Australian Catholic University as a gift.[5] Later that month, through the Arts Council of England, Ali created a mural in a lane way in Melbourne[29][30] for the Melbourne International Arts Festival. He worked with 13 Melbourne Muslim women artists known as "Crooked Rib". Ali and Crooked Rib also worked on a big canvas painting, which they gave to a local charity.[31][32]

2009-2010[edit]

In January 2009, Ali established an organization called Soul City Arts. As artistic director,[33] he has been programming and directing theatrical events with other artists.[34] He also launched an arts organization called The Hubb Arts Centre in the city of Birmingham.[15]

In January 2009, he also produced a series of five graffiti murals on private walls in inner city areas of Birmingham. They were created in support of Palestinian people following the Israeli bombings in Gaza.[35] In February 2009, a mural with the slogan "Free Gaza" in Alum Rock was sandblasted by Birmingham City Council after police feared the wall owner's house was at risk of a petrol bomb attack.[36][37][38][39]

In July 2009, Ali made his debut in Malaysia in the Arts segment of the Knowledge and Arts Tour, organised by the Young Muslims Project and supported by the British Council, Asia e University, Yayasan Rasma and the Muslim Professionals Form.[3] In August 2009, he painted a mural in Amsterdam during the Amsterdam Light Festival.[12] In October 2009, sponsored by Muslim Hands, he painted a wall next to a ZamZam store in Green Street in Newham, London.[40]

Between 9 October 2009 until 16 January 2010, as part of Street Art Season at the Herbert Art Gallery and Museum, Ali put on an exhibition called "Breaking Down the Wall", which explored the themes of Freedom, Justice and Equality and included work on spray painted canvas, video projections and brand new aerosol art. On 11 November 2009, Ali was joined by urban culture photographer Henry Chalfant for "Can Graffiti Really Change the World?", a talk exploring how the public space has been used by man for art and messages since the beginning of time.[11]

On 21 January 2010, Ali was involved in a one-off evening of live graffiti art and spoken word,[41] called "Writing on the Wall" at the Birmingham Repertory Theatre.[19] The idea was four years in the making and inspired by the theme of '3'.[42] The event also featured poetry performances by Zena Edwards, Amir Sulaiman, Dreadlock Alien, with direction from hip-hop theatre pioneer Jonzi D.[43][44] Islamic Bank of Britain was the lead sponsor of the event. Prior to the event, Ali took a two-week residency in the theatre, and worked alongside local visual artists to create unique images in the theatre's scenic workshop.[45]

In March, 2010, he was commissioned by Tashkeel to create a large-scale mural in collaboration with artists living and working in the UAE. The art was inspired by the language and people of the region and depicts the past, present and hints towards the future.[46]

In August 2010, Ali appeared on Channel 4's 4thought.tv.[47]

In October 2010, at the V&A Street Art exhibition he produced his exhibition "Breaking down the Wall".[48] In November 2010, Ali painted at the Herbert Art Gallery for the Coventry Peace Festival.[49] In September 2010, he completed the UK's longest mural of 950 square metres at the University of Bradford, for his project, "Life in the Wall".[50][51][52]

2011-present[edit]

In April 2011, he painted a mural in Liverpool city centre, featuring Liverpool Cathedral and focusing on Martin Luther King's "dream" of a fully integrated society and on the importance of education.[53]

In September 2011, Ali's mural, commissioned by the University of Edinburgh arranged by the College's Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Centre for the Study of Islam in the Contemporary World. The mural, which mixed Islamic patterns with Celtic design and featured Edinburgh Castle, was painted on a wall beside the city's Annandale Street Mosque.[54]

In February 2012, Ali worked in partnership with the University of Birmingham's department of Theology and Religion and unemployed young men in Bromford, east Birmingham, to paint a 12ft-high cube during a week-long mural project[17] called "Bromford Dreams".[55]

In August 2012, he painted a large Olympic Games-themed mural on a Leyton building as part of a community project. The artwork includes images of the Olympic Stadium in Stratford, rooftops and a silhouette of Tommie Smith and John Carlos who made a black power salute at the 1968 Olympics Games.[56]

In 2013, he created new artwork, performing alongside musicians, artists and poets in "If Walls Could Speak", a collage of tales about life in Sparkbrook.[1] On 19 April 2013, he presented a TEDx talk to an audience in the Vatican in Rome about how his Muslim faith has inspired his artwork and influenced his relationship with others.[57][58][59] Ali also painted a picture about religious freedom, which he gave to Pope Francis as a gift.[60]

In June 2013, Ali painted a mural at an Islamic street arts festival called "Resonate and Reformulate" at Exeter University.[61][62]

Ali's work has also been reported by national and international mainstream media ranging from CNN to Al Jazeera,[10] BBC, CBC,[20] Reuters,[19] and The New York Times.[7]

Ali is also an active lecturer. He delivers conferences[16] and public lectures, nationally and internationally, about the power of the arts to transform society. He speaks at schools, colleges, universities and galleries by invitation.[15] In the summer he is involved in outdoor work and during the winter months he spends more time in the studio and develops on canvas and works on new commissions.[63]

Style and themes[edit]

Ali describes himself as "an urban spiritual artist".[54] His works are mostly inspired by universal concepts such as knowledge, peace and spirituality.[64] Although his art is inspired by Islam, it carries a universal message that people of all faiths and backgrounds can appreciate.[3]

Ali fuses aerosol graffiti techniques with Islamic calligraphy and iconography.[20] He uses western street art and combines it with sacred, classical style of Islamic script and patterns[65][66] – introducing this art form in places where he has permission to paint. In his art he attempts to convey principles of peace, justice, brotherhood and respect.[67] He claims not to create art to sell nor acquire a recognition.[16]

Awards[edit]

In January 2009, Ali appeared on ITV's The South Bank Show and was awarded the Arts Council England's diversity award, which celebrates outstanding achievement in promoting diverse groups and cultures in The Dorchester Hotel in Park Lane, London.[68] He was praised by judges him creating messages of peace, unity and hope.[69][70]

In March 2009, Ali was awarded the Iman wa Amal special award[71] at The Muslim News Awards for Excellence, recognising "unsung heroes" of the Muslim community in Britain at Grosvenor House Hotel in Park Lane, London.[72][73]

Personal life[edit]

Ali is a Muslim.[13][14][34] He lives in Kings Heath, Birmingham[69] with his wife[7] and two children.[15][41]

Ali has performed Hajj (the largest Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia).[74]

In August 2009, Ali's father died.[47]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Graffiti king Mohammed Ali performs in show about life in Sparkbrook". Birmingham: Birmingham Mail. 15 March 2013. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Hussain, Tam (December 2012). "Soul and the city - words from graffiti artist Mohammed Ali". New Internationalist. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Ganesan, Sharmila (3 July 2009). "Spiritual street art". Malaysia: The Star. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "TEDxBradford - Mohammed Ali - Art for Art's Sake, or for Mankind's Sake". Bradford: TEDxTalks. 27 April 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2013.  Mohammed Ali
  5. ^ a b c d e Snow, Deborah (20 October 2008). "Sydney's eternal message crosses the religious divide". Sydney: The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c Ahmed, Azam (16 April 2007). "Breaking down a cultural wall". Chicago: Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c Hena, Afshaan (August 2009). "Street Iftar on 29th August". Emel. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "Asia Pacific Forum". WBAI. 17 April 2007. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  9. ^ "Sunday Sequence interview with Mohammed Ali". BBC Radio Ulster. 19 August 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Mohammed Ali". Green Belt. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "Mohammed Ali: Art Imitating Life Post 9/11". Asian Express. 1 November 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  12. ^ a b Ross, Rick (16 August 2009). "Interview with Mohammed Ali". BBC Radio Scotland. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  13. ^ a b c "Mohammed Ali: Art Imitating Life Post 9/11". The Asian Today. 12 June 2008. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  14. ^ a b c "Mohammed Ali: Art Imitating Life Post 9/11". Desi Xpress. 12 June 2008. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  15. ^ a b c d e "Muslim Role-Models – Mohammed Ali – Aerosol Arabic". Fifteen21 Youth Magazine. 28 October 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  16. ^ a b c "Aerosol Spiritual Art: Mohammed Ali at TEDxViadellaConciliazione". FatCap. 1 March 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2013.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  17. ^ a b "University community art project to help young adults express their dreams". Birmingham: University of Birmingham. 9 February 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  18. ^ "MEET THE ARTIST: Mohammed Ali aka Aerosol Arabic". The Annexe Gallery. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  19. ^ a b c Oruye, Rebekah (22 January 2010). "Mohammed Ali’s WRITING ON THE WALL". Birmingham: Birmingham Post. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  20. ^ a b c d Khan, Azeem (12 April 2007). "Visual Artists Mohammed Ali and Asma Shikoh: An edgy take on Islamic art hits the galleries". Altmuslim. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  21. ^ Loat, Sarah (20 December 2006). "Having faith in art". Birmingham: BBC Birmingham. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  22. ^ "AerosolArabic". BBC World Service. 11 August 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  23. ^ a b Langley, Tess (21 August 2006). "Aerosol Arabic Mohammed is back". Birmingham: BBC Birmingham. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  24. ^ "USA Arts and Islam Tour featuring Islamic Graffiti Artist from the UK". United States: openPR.com. 2 April 2007. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  25. ^ Ashton, Pete (23 January 2008). "Mohammed Ali’s Spiritual Graffiti US Tour". Birmingham: Created in Birmingham. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  26. ^ Trymaine, Lee (19 April 2007). "Fire Victims Gain a Little Immortality Through Art". New York: The New York Times. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  27. ^ Trymaine, Lee (29 April 2007). "Aerosol Arabic". Northwest Indiana: NWI.com. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  28. ^ John, Livesey (15 September 2008). "Innovative graffiti scheme for Burnley". Lancashire: Lancashire Telegraph. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  29. ^ O'Connell, Brigid (27 October 2008). "Artist sprays far from home to help share the prophet". Melbourne: Herald Sun. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  30. ^ O'Connell, Brigid (27 October 2008). "Imported street artist cops a spray over Melbourne laneway". Australia: News.com.au. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  31. ^ Strong, Geoff (27 October 2008). "Artist sprays far from home to help share the prophet". Melbourne: The Age. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  32. ^ Brown, Kelly (24 November 2008). "Aerosol art in Broadmeadowst". Arts & Entertainment (Australia: Hume Leader). Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  33. ^ Hussein, Tam (6 November 2012). "Bringing soul to the city". New Statesman. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  34. ^ a b Ather, Siddiq (9 June 2011). "Interview with Graffiti Artist Mohammed Ali". The Muslim Observer. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  35. ^ Brijmohun, Seeyam (27 February 2009). "Gaza graffiti murals". Birmingham: BBC Birmingham. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  36. ^ Donlan, Andy (27 February 2009). "Award-winning artist's anti-war mural is scrubbed... for fear of violence". Mail Online. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  37. ^ "Pro-Gaza mural in Alum Rock removed because of petrol bomb fears". Birmingham: Birmingham Mail. 19 February 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  38. ^ "Jewish understanding for Gaza war graffiti". Birmingham: Birmingham Mail. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  39. ^ "Graffiti 'artist's' peace message". Birmingham: BBC News. 16 July 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  40. ^ "Islamic Art Feature: Return of Green Street Graffiti". Muslim Matters.org. 31 October 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2013.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  41. ^ a b Oruye, Rebekah (22 January 2010). "Aerosol Arabic brings graffiti art to poetry at the Rep". Birmingham: Marketing Birmingham. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  42. ^ "Writing on the Wall". Muslim Writers Award. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  43. ^ King, Alison (16 January 2010). "This week's events previews". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  44. ^ "Mohammed Ali's Writing On The Wall". Spaghetti Gazetti. 7 January 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  45. ^ "Islamic Banking and the art world unite in Birmingham". Islamic Bank of Britain. 17 February 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  46. ^ Mezaina, Hind (21 March 2010). "Giant Graffiti Mural by Aerosol Arabic at Tashkeel". Dubai: The Culturist. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  47. ^ a b "What will you pray for at Ramadan?". 4thought.tv. Channel 4. 9 August 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  48. ^ Hena, Afshaan (January 2011). "V&A Street Art Exhibition feat. Street Art by Mohammed Ali". Emel. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  49. ^ Goldberg, Adrian (2 November 2010). "Graffiti artist Mohammed Ali launches Coventry Peace Festival". Coventry: Coventry Telegraph. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  50. ^ Rush, James (1 October 2010). "Graffiti artist Mohammed Ali completes artwork on fence". Bradford: Telegraph & Argus. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  51. ^ "UK's longest graffiti mural painted in Bradford". Bradford: University of Bradford. 23 September 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  52. ^ "Can graffiti art change the world?". Yorkshire: DigYorkshire.com. October 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  53. ^ "UK's longest graffiti mural painted in Bradford". Liverpool: Liverpool Echo. 23 September 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  54. ^ a b "Graffiti artist unveils Islamic mural with Celtic twist". Edinburgh: The University of Edinburgh. September–October 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  55. ^ "Birmingham's Bromford estate inspires 'dream cube'". Birmingham: BBC News. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  56. ^ Binns, Daniel (14 August 2012). "A large Olympics-themed mural has been painted on a Leyton building in Huxley Road as part of a community project". London: East London and West Essex Guardian Series. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  57. ^ Davies, Lizzie (12 April 2013). "TED comes to the Vatican with Gloria Estefan as speaker". Rome: The Guardian. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  58. ^ "The graffiti art of mohammed Ali". Islamic Arts Magazine. 27 April 2013. Retrieved 1 July 2013.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  59. ^ Banks, Ian (29 April 2013). "CASE STUDIES: Mohammed Ali Street Artist at TEDx". Artist Call. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  60. ^ Glatz, Carol (19 April 2013). "Papal stargazer, graffiti artist, rabbi hit stage for religious rights". Rome: Catholic News Service. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  61. ^ "Why Exeter Islamic festival is important". Exeter: itv.com. 13 June 2013. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  62. ^ "Exeter Islamic arts festival". West Country: itv.com. 13 June 2013. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  63. ^ "EXCLUSIVE Interview: Mohammad Ali". The Revival. 5 June 2008. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  64. ^ Bharadwaj, Vinita (11 January 2005). "Spiritual graffiti artist". Dubai: GulfNews.com. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  65. ^ "Mohammed Ali: Art for Art’s sake, or for Mankind’s sake". Green Belt. 11 October 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  66. ^ "Mohammed Ali". Loyal Enemy. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  67. ^ Ali, Mohammed (2 November 2010). "Building bridges with graffiti art". Common Ground News Service. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  68. ^ "Street artist wins South Bank Show award". Birmingham: BBC Birmingham. 21 January 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  69. ^ a b "Award for graffiti artist Mohammed Ali". Birmingham: Birmingham Mail. 29 January 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  70. ^ Spragg, Kate (24 January 2009). "Brum street artist wins South Bank Show award". Birmingham: Created in Birmingham. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  71. ^ "The Ninth Annual Ceremony Recognises the Very Best of British Muslim Achievements". MuslimHeritage.com. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  72. ^ "Labour’s Jacqui Smith Honours Muslim Graffiti Artist". LiveLeak. 31 March 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  73. ^ "Muslim 'unsung heroes' honoured". BBC News. 30 March 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  74. ^ "Aerosol Spiritual Art: Mohammed Alì at TEDxViadellaConciliazione". Rome: TEDxTalks. 23 April 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2013.  Mohammed Ali

External links[edit]