Mohammad Azharuddin

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Mohammad Azharuddin
Mohammad Azharuddin.jpg
Personal information
Full name Mohammad Azharuddin
Born (1963-02-08) 8 February 1963 (age 52)
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
Nickname Ajju
Batting style Right-handed batsman
Bowling style Right-arm medium
Role Batsman
International information
National side
Test debut (cap 169) 30 December 1984 v England
Last Test 2 March 2000 v South Africa
ODI debut (cap 51) 20 January 1985 v England
Last ODI 3 June 2000 v Pakistan
Domestic team information
Years Team
1981–2000 Hyderabad
1983–2000 South Zone
1991–1994 Derbyshire
Career statistics
Competition Test ODI FC LA
Matches 99 334 229 433
Runs scored 6,216 9,378 15,855 12,941
Batting average 45.03 36.92 51.98 39.33
100s/50s 22/21 7/58 54/74 11/85
Top score 199 153* 226 161*
Balls bowled 13 552 1,432 827
Wickets 0 12 17 15
Bowling average 39.91 46.23 47.26
5 wickets in innings 0 0 0
10 wickets in match n/a 0 n/a
Best bowling 0/4 3/19 3/36 3/19
Catches/stumpings 105/– 156/– 220/– 200/–
Source: CricketArchive, 13 February 2009
Mohammad Azharuddin
Personal details
Political party INC
Religion Islam
As of 1 July, 2009

Mohammad Azharuddin About this sound pronunciation  (born 8 February 1963 in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India) is a former cricketer and an Indian politician. He was an accomplished batsman and captained the Indian cricket team for much of the 1990s, winning the Arjuna Award in 1986.[2] A member of the Indian National Congress, Azharuddin was an M.P from the Moradabad of Uttar Pradesh.

Azharuddin was implicated in a match-fixing scandal in 2000, and banned for life, but on 8 November 2012, the Andhra Pradesh High Court lifted the ban, describing it as "unsustainable".[3]

As a cricketer, he was known for a graceful and fluid batting style - John Woodcock, a noted cricket writer, said of him, "It's no use asking an Englishman to bat like Mohammad Azharuddin. It would be like expecting a greyhound to win the Epsom Derby."[4] He also won praise elsewhere, with umpire Venkataraghavan stating that "Azharuddin had the best wrists in the game" . He has held records for the fastest hundred in ODIs and also the highest career runs in ODIs. Many say that due to the scandal that marred the latter part of his career, he was unable to retire with the honour that befitted him.

Early life[edit]

Azhar, as he is popularly known, grew up in Hyderabad and attended All Saints High School, Hyderabad in Hyderabad, of which fellow cricketers Venkatapathy Raju and Noel David are also alumni. While playing cricket, he graduated from Nizam College, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh with a Bachelor of Commerce degree.

Family and personal life[edit]

Azharuddin was first married to Naureen, with whom he had two sons, Asad and Ayaz, and whom he divorced after 9 years of marriage. He then married model-actor Sangeeta Bijlani in 1996. The couple separated in 2010.[5]

On 16 September 2011, his son Ayazuddin, aged 19, died following a road accident.[6]

International career[edit]


Azhar scored a final total of 22 centuries in test cricket, at an average of 45, and 7 in ODIs, at an average of 37. To date, he is the only cricketer with the distinction of scoring a century in each of his first three tests. As a fielder, he took 156 catches in ODI cricket - a world record until surpassed by Mahela Jayawardene. He has also held world records for maximum ODI runs and fastest ODI hundred, both subsequently broken by other players, and scored centuries in his first and last Tests.

His highest test score is 199, gained against Sri Lanka, and in 1991 he was named Wisden Cricketer of the Year.


Azharuddin was captain of the Indian team for most of the 1990s. Statistically he is one of India's most successful captains, winning 90 ODIs, which was broken by M.S. Dhoni on 2 September 2014 against England overtaking him as the most successful Indian ODI captain with 91 victories .[7] His 14 test match wins as captain was a record until it was bettered by then Indian cricket captain Sourav Ganguly with 21 test match wins.

Match fixing scandal[edit]

Towards the end of his career Azharuddin was accused of match-fixing;[8] South African captain Hansie Cronje, in his confession to match-fixing, had indicated that Azharuddin was the one to introduce him to the bookies.[9] India's premier investigating agency, the Central Bureau of Investigation, conducted an investigation and published a report.[10]

Azhar admitted to fixing three ODI matches,[11] and this led both the ICC and the BCCI to ban him for life in 2000. The BCCI lifted the ban on Azharuddin in 2006, even honouring him along with other Indian Test captains in a ceremony in Mumbai during the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy. The ICC, however, has stated that it alone has the right to revoke the ban, despite playing no role in handing out the original ban.

On 8 November 2012 a Divisional Bench consisting of Justice Ashutosh Mohanta and Justice Krishna Mohan Reddy of the Andhra Pradesh High Court dismissed the ban imposed upon him after the allegations.[12][3][13]

In one of his interviews, Azhar later claimed that he was being targeted because he was from a minority community.[14]

Political career[edit]

Azhruddin formally joined the Indian National Congress party on 19 February 2009. He contested the Indian general election, 2009 from Moradabad in western Uttar Pradesh. Prior to election, he announced his intention to construct a university and a stadium in Moradabad, as well as improve the city's electricity problem, but did not deliver.[15] In the 2014 Lok Sabha election, he lost against BJP candidate Kunwar Sarvesh Kumar Singh.

Test statistics[edit]

Mohammad Azharuddin's career performance graph.

By opponent[edit]


  • 780 runs at 39.00 with 2 hundreds


  • 1278 runs at 58.09 with 6 hundreds

New Zealand

  • 796 runs at 61.23 with 2 hundreds


  • 769 runs at 40.47 with 3 hundreds

South Africa

  • 779 runs at 41.00 with 4 hundreds

Sri Lanka

  • 1215 runs at 55.23 with 5 hundreds

West Indies

  • 539 runs at 28.37 with 0 hundreds


  • 59 runs at 14.75 with 0 hundreds


  • 6215 runs at 45.04 with 22 hundreds

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sport / Cricket : Of comparisons and imitations. The Hindu (2011-03-01). Retrieved on 2012-07-14.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ a b "AP high court lifts ban on Azharuddin". Wisden India. 8 November 2012. 
  4. ^ Astill, James (2013). The Great Tamasha: Cricket, corruption and the turbulent rise of modern India. Wisden Sports Writing. p. 132. ISBN 978-1408156926. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Azharuddin's son dead". The Hindu. 17 September 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "Virat Kohli has to behave like a captain, says Mohammad Azharuddin". The Indian Express. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "BBC SPORT | CORRUPTION IN CRICKET | Azharuddin hit with life ban". BBC News. 5 December 2000. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  9. ^ "cricket channel – The CBI Report, in full". 1 November 2000. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  10. ^ "Full text of the CBI report. Report on cricket match-fixing and related malpractises, October 2000". Central Bureau of Investigation, New Delhi. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  11. ^ "Azharuddin hit with life ban". BBC News. 5 December 2000. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  12. ^ - Match fixing scandal "‘I have come out clean and proven many wrong’". The Hindu. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2015. 
  13. ^ "Match fixing charges: Andhra court says life ban on Azharuddin illegal". NDTV. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2015. 
  14. ^ Magazine, Pradeep. "Azharuddin and 4 Others Are Punished for Cricket Match Fixing : Former India Captain Banned", The New York Times, 6 December 2000, accessed 30 March 2011.
  15. ^ 4540534.cms "Congress wins 21 seats in Uttar Pradesh, stumps rivals". The Economic Times. 16 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Krishnamachari Srikkanth
Indian National Test Cricket Captain
1989/90 – 1996
Succeeded by
Sachin Tendulkar
Preceded by
Sachin Tendulkar
Indian National Test Cricket Captain
1997/98 – 1998/99
Succeeded by
Sachin Tendulkar