Mohammed Badie

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Muhammad Badie
محمد بديع
Mohammed Badiea.jpg
8th General Guide of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood
Incumbent
Assumed office
16 January 2010
Preceded by Mohammed Mahdi Akef
Personal details
Born (1943-08-07) 7 August 1943 (age 70)
El-Mahalla El-Kubra, Egypt
Alma mater Cairo University
Religion Islam

Muhammad Badie (Arabic: محمد بديعMuḥammad Badīʿ, IPA: [mæˈħæmmæd bæˈdiːʕ]; born 7 August 1943) is the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood.[1] He has headed the Egyptian branch of the international Muslim Brotherhood organization since 2010. Before becoming general guide, Badie had been a member of the group's governing council, the Guidance Bureau, since 1996. He was arrested by Egyptian authorities on 20 August 2013.[2]

Biography[edit]

Badi'e was born in the industrial city of Mahalla al-Kubra on 7 August 1943.[3] He received a degree in veterinary medicine at Cairo in 1965.[4]

The same year, he was arrested for the first time for his political activity in the Muslim Brotherhood, during a nationwide roundup of activists; he was sentenced to 15 years in prison by a military tribunal.[4]

Paroled along with almost all other Brotherhood prisoners in 1974 by the new Egyptian president, Anwar al-Sadat, Badi'e went on to continue his studies and begin a teaching career at various Egyptian universities.

Badi'e continues to work part-time as a professor of pathology at the veterinary school of Beni Suef University.

Muslim Brotherhood Involvement[edit]

In 1965, Badie was arrested for his political activities, along with Muslim Brotherhood leader Sayyed Qutb, and sentenced to 15 years in prison. He served 9 years and was released in 1974 by President Anwar Sadat. Badie became a member of the Brotherhood’s al-Mahalla al-Kubra administrative office the following year and was eventually named chief of that branch. From 1986 to 1990, he served as a member of the Brotherhood’s administrative office in Beni Suef. In 1993, he became a member of the group’s Guidance Office. In 1998, he was imprisoned for 75 days as a result of his participation in the Islamic Dawa Society in Beni Suef. In 2010, Badie was named supreme guide of the Muslim Brotherhood, replacing Muhammad Mahdi Akef.[3] In July 2013, a travel ban was put on Badie as well as Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi and Badie's deputy Khairat el-Shater.[5]

Statements[edit]

Israel[edit]

In a weekly sermon, titled "How Islam Confronts the Oppression and Tyranny [against the Muslims]," Mohammed Badie accused the Arab and Muslim regimes of avoiding confrontation with "the Zionist entity" and the United States, and also of disregarding "Allah's commandment to wage jihad for His sake with [their] money and [their] lives, so that Allah's word will reign supreme and the infidels' word will be inferior." Badie stated that the U.S. is immoral and doomed to collapse. He accused the Palestinian Authority of "selling out" the Palestinian cause, adding that a third intifada was about to erupt. Badie also stated that "Resistance is the only solution against the Zio-American arrogance and tyranny, and all we need is for the Arab and Muslim peoples to stand behind it and support it."[6][7][8]

In July 2012, during his weekly sermon, Mohammed Badie stated that Israelis are "rapists" of Jerusalem, and called on all Muslims to "wage jihad with their money and their selves to free al-Quds." He described the creation of Israel in international law as an "alleged, illusory right."[7][9][10]

In October 2012, Badie alleged that "The Jews have dominated the land, spread corruption on earth, spilled the blood of believers and in their actions profaned holy places, including their own." As such, he demanded that the Arab world reject negotiations with Israel in favor of "holy Jihad," saying that "the Zionists only understand force" and while alleging that allowing Jews to pray on the Temple Mount, Judaism's holiest site, would result in the destruction of the Al-Aqsa Mosque.[10]

Operation Pillar of Defense[edit]

Badei denounced peace efforts with Israel, urging holy war against Israel, on 22 November 2012—just a day after Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi succeeded in brokering a truce to end eight days of Israel-Hamas fighting. Badei says "jihad is obligatory" for Muslims and that peace deals with Israel are a "game of grand deception." He says there's been enough negotiations, the "enemy knows nothing but language of force."[11]

Overthrow of Mohamed Morsi[edit]

In July 2013, Badei condemned the removal of Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi by the Egyptian military stating "I swear by God that what (Gen. Abdel-Fattah) al-Sissi did in Egypt is more criminal than if he had carried an ax and demolished the holy Kaaba, stone by stone."[12]

Arrest[edit]

Badie's arrest was ordered on 10 July 2013 for "inciting the violence in Cairo on Monday in which more than 50 people were killed."[13] On 14 July 2013 Egypt's military-installed prosecutor general Hisham Barakat ordered his assets to be frozen.[14] He was arrested on 20 August 2013.[15][16] His two deputies were also arrested and he was due to stand trial on 25 August.[17][18] On 29 October 2013, a three-judge panel at Cairo Criminal Court stepped down from the proceedings, citing "uneasiness" over the trial as trial proceedings were disrupted by named defendants. [19] On 11 December 2013, a second panel of judges withdrew from the trial.[20] He was succeeded as Supreme Guide by Mahmoud Ezzat on a temporary basis.[21]

Personal life[edit]

Badei has four children, three daughters and a son.[22] His son, Ammar, was killed in the clashes in Cairo on 16 August 2013.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Muslim Brotherhood: Decision to participate in Friday protest is to preserve unity". Egypt Independent. 9 October 2010. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  2. ^ Egypt arrests Muslim Brotherhood leader Los Angeles Times. 20 August 2013. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
  3. ^ a b Who's Who in Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood The Washington Institute
  4. ^ a b Profile of Dr Badie: A resilient leader Ikhwan, Retrieved 25 January 2011.
  5. ^ Morsi reportedly being held hours after being ousted as Egypt's president Fox News, 3 July 2013
  6. ^ "Muslim Brotherhood Supreme Guide: 'The U.S. Is Now Experiencing the Beginning of Its End'; Improvement and Change in the Muslim World 'Can Only Be Attained Through Jihad and Sacrifice'". MEMRI. 6 October 2010. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood leader: Israelis are rapists of Jerusalem". Israel Hayom. 9 July 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  8. ^ Jewis Virtual Library. "Terrorism: Muslim Brotherhood". Retrieved 10 July 2012. [not in citation given]
  9. ^ "Muslim Brotherhood Leader Calls Israelis Rapists". The Algemeiner. 9 July 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  10. ^ a b Schwartz, Sharona (8 July 2012). "Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood’s Leader Says Jihad on Israel Is Every Muslim’s Duty". The Blaze. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  11. ^ Egypt Brotherhood Leader Blasts Peace with Israel Associated Press, ABC News (22 November 2012).
  12. ^ "MB leader: Mursi’s ouster worse than destroying Islam’s holiest shrine" Al Arabiya, 25 July 2013
  13. ^ Egypt Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie arrest ordered BBC, 10 July 2013
  14. ^ "Asset freeze for Islamist leaders goes into action". Egypt Independent. 15 July 2013. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  15. ^ "VIDEO: Muslim Brotherhood Supreme Guide Badie arrested". Ahram Online. 19 August 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  16. ^ Egypt’s Brotherhood General Guide Mohammad Badie detained Al Arabiya 20 August 2013
  17. ^ Egypt: Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohammed Badie reported detained The Guardian, 20 August 2013
  18. ^ Egypt arrests Brotherhood spiritual leader; Mubarak could be released The Washington Post, 19 August 2013
  19. ^ Judges in Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood trial quit Al Jazeera. 29 October 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
  20. ^ Second judging panel withdraws from Brotherhood trial Ahram Online. 11 December 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
  21. ^ الدكتور محمود عزت مرشدا عاما للجماعة بشكل مؤقت Freedom and Justice Portal (in Arabic), 20 August 2013
  22. ^ a b "Son of Brotherhood's Supreme Guide shot dead, house set ablaze". Egypt Independent. 17 August 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 

External links[edit]

Religious titles
Preceded by
Mohammed Mahdi Akef
General Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood
2010–present
Incumbent