Mohamed Omar Habeb Dhere
Mohamed Omar Habeb (Somali: Maxamed Cumar Xabeeb [Maxamed Dheere]) was a Somali warlord based out of the city of Jowhar. He hails from the Abgaal subclan of Hawiye. He also had significant influence on the northern parts of the capital Mogadishu where he controlled a militia of around 400 men.
He was a leader of the Somali Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SRRC) in the 2001-2004 time period, and the Alliance for the Restoration of Peace and Counter-Terrorism (ARPCT) in 2006.
Fight against the Transitional National Government (TNG)
In June 2002, Mohamed Dhere was member of parliament who was elected in Arta Jabuti, after the arrival of the government in Somalia especially in Mogadhishu and at that there was a big problem which led Mohamed to fight against the Transitional National Government (TNG) of Somalia, the pre-cursor of the present Transitional Federal Government. He was a member of the competing Somali Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SRRC). His children live in Minnesota USA
Struggle against the Islamic Courts Union (ICU)
In 2006, Mohamed Dhere joined the Alliance for the Restoration of Peace and Counter-Terrorism (ARPCT), a US CIA-backed initiative by Mogadishu warlords and businessmen to oppose the growing influence of the Islamic Courts Union (ICU). This led to the Second Battle of Mogadishu, which resulted in the June 2006 ouster of Mohammed Dhere and the rest of the ARPCT from the capital. Thereafter, on June 14, 2006, he fled from his base of Jowhar to Ethiopia after a two-hour battle with the ICU.
Late in 2006, Mohamed Dhere was among many Somali groups that counterattacked the ICU. They were heavily supported by a force from the Ethiopian army and air forces, including tanks and MiG fighter aircraft. Mohamed Dhere's forces advanced through the battles of Battle of Beledweyne and Jowhar before the Fall of Mogadishu which occurred before the end of the year.
Dismissal as Mayor
Prime Minister Nur Hassan Hussein dismissed Habeb from his post as Mayor on July 30, 2008, accusing him of incompetence, embezzlement, insubordination, and abuse of power. According to Hussein, his decision was supported by the people of Mogadishu and by the city's traditional elders. Habeb, however, resisted this and said that his dismissal had to be approved by President Abdullahi Yusuf; he claimed to have Yusuf's support to remain in office, and Yusuf reportedly revoked the decision on July 31. Habeb's dismissal was viewed as an indicator of increasing disagreement between Yusuf and Hussein, and ten ministers allied to Yusuf resigned from Hussein's government on August 2.
Arrested and jailed
In February 18, 2011 was reported that Mohamed Omar Habeb was arrested with Ali Nur Mohamed for crimes for shooting at a peace rally in Mogadishu. He was released shortly after.
On November 15, 2012 Mohamed Omar Habeb died in Mogadishu of illness he was suffering.
- Shil, Mohamed "Will Warlords Re-Emerge in Mogadishu" SomaliaReport, August 16, 2011, accessed August 16, 2011
- Heavy Fighting Resumes in Somalia People's Daily
- name=INTELLIGENCE-BRIEF-ICU-EXPELS-WARLORDS-FROM-MOGADISHU>Intelligence Brief: I.C.U. Expels Warlords from Mogadishu PINR
- Somali Islamists capture key town BBC
- "Resignation of ministers shows growingrift in transitional gov't", Xinhua, August 3, 2008.
- "SOMALIA: Prime Minister moves to stem political crisis", IRIN, August 4, 2008
- Former Warlord arrested for the shooting at a Peace rally in Mogadishu