Mohammed V International Airport

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Mohammed V International Airport
Aéroport international Mohammed V
مطار محمد الخامس الدولي
IATA: CMNICAO: GMMN
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator ONDA
Serves Casablanca, Morocco
Location Nouasseur
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 656 ft / 200 m
Coordinates 33°22′02″N 007°35′23″W / 33.36722°N 7.58972°W / 33.36722; -7.58972Coordinates: 33°22′02″N 007°35′23″W / 33.36722°N 7.58972°W / 33.36722; -7.58972
Website www.onda.ma
Map
CMN is located in Morocco
CMN
CMN
Location of airport in Morocco
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17L/35R 3,720 12,205 Asphalt
17R/35L 3,720 12,205 Asphalt
Statistics (2009, 2010)
Aircraft movements (2009) 69,119
Passengers (2010) 7,245,508
Freight (tons) (2009) 53,469
Economic & social impacts (2012) $731 million & 78.7 thousand[1]
Source: DAFIF[2][3]

Mohammed V International Airport (French: Aéroport international Mohammed V, Arabic: مطار محمد الخامس الدولي‎, Matar Muhammad al-Khamis ad-Dowaly, IATA: CMNICAO: GMMN) is an international airport serving Casablanca, operated by ONDA (National Airports Office). Located in the Nouaceur Province, it is the busiest airport in Morocco, with a traffic of almost 7.25 million passengers passing through the airport in 2010.[4] ONDA informed an increase of 6.9% for passenger traffic in June 2013 (2013-06); this month, the number of passengers handled was 634,690.[5]

The airport serves as hub for Morocco's flag carrier Royal Air Maroc, Jetairfly, Air Arabia Maroc and RAM Express. It was named after King Mohammed V of Morocco.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The Casablanca Mohammed V Airport was originally built by the United States in early 1943 during World War II as an auxiliary airfield for Casablanca's Anfa Airport and was named Berrechid Airfield. The airfield handled various military transports as a stopover en route to Port Lyautey Airfield or to Marrakech Airport on the North African Cairo-Dakar transport route. In addition, flights were flown across the Atlantic to the Azores on the Mid-Atlantic route which connected to Nova Scotia or East Coast United States airfields.[6]

In addition to its transport mission, the airfield supported the North African Campaign with the Twelfth Air Force 68th Reconnaissance Group operating photo-recon versions of the P-38 Lightning and P-51 Mustang from the airfield. Elements of the 68th first arrived at Angads Airport in Oujda in November 1942 and moved to Berrechid in March 1943 upon its completion. It flew both antisubmarine missions over the Atlantic and photo-recon combat missions over German-held territory from the airfield until early September when it moved east to Massicault Airfield in Tunisia. With the end of the war in 1945, the airfield was turned over to the civil government.

During the Cold War of the early and middle 1950s, the airfield was reopened as Nouasseur Air Base and was used as a United States Air Force Strategic Air Command staging area for B-47 Stratojet bombers pointed at the Soviet Union. These operations later moved to Ben Guerir Air Base.

With the destabilisation of French government in Morocco, and Moroccan independence in 1956, the government of Mohammed V wanted the US Air Force to pull out of the SAC bases in Morocco, insisting on such action after American intervention in Lebanon in 1958. The United States agreed to leave as of December 1959, and was fully out of Morocco in 1963. SAC felt the Moroccan bases were much less critical with the long range of the B-52, and with the completion of the Spanish bases in 1959.

Even today, most locals still refer to the airport simply as "Nouasseur", this comes from the name of the suburb where it is located.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

A Qatar Airways Airbus A330-200 on the airport ramp in 2011.
A Royal Air Maroc Boeing 737-800 at the airport in 2006. The airline has its main hub at Mohammed V Airport.
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Afriqiyah Airways Benghazi, Misurata, Tripoli 2
Air Algérie Algiers, Oran 1
Air Arabia Maroc Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Bergamo, Bologna, Brussels, Cuneo, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, London-Gatwick, Lyon, Montpellier, Toulouse, Venice-Marco Polo 2
Air France Marseille, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly, Toulouse 2
Air Mediterranee Paris-Charles de Gaulle 2
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino 2
Binter Canarias
operated by Naysa
Gran Canaria 2
easyJet Paris-Charles de Gaulle 2
easyjet. Milan Malpensa 1


EgyptAir Cairo 2
Emirates Dubai 2
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 2
Flynas Jeddah (begins 2 May 2014)[7] 2
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn 2
Iberia Madrid 2
Jetairfly Beauvais–Tillé, Bologna, Bordeaux, Brussels-South Charleroi, Lyon, Marseille, Metz/Nancy, Paris-Orly, Toulouse
Seasonal: Barcelona, Brussels, Milan-Malpensa
2
Libyan Airlines Benghazi, Misurata, Tripoli
Seasonal: Sebha
2
Lufthansa Frankfurt 2
Mauritania Airlines International Nouakchott, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Nouadhibou, Zouérat
2
Qatar Airways Doha 2
Royal Air Maroc Agadir, Algiers, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Beirut, Bologna, Cairo, Dakhla, Fez, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jeddah, Laayoune, Madrid, Málaga, Milan-Malpensa, Montréal-Trudeau, New York-JFK, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Tangier, Tripoli, Tunis, Turin, Valencia 1
Royal Air Maroc Abidjan, Accra, Bamako, Bangui, Banjul, Berlin-Tegel, Bissau, Bordeaux, Brazzaville, Brussels, Conakry, Copenhagen, Cotonou, Dakar, Douala, Frankfurt, Freetown, Geneva, Kinshasa, Lagos, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Libreville, Lisbon, Lomé, London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow, Lyon, Luanda, Malabo, Marseille, Marrakech, Monrovia, Montpellier (begins 28 April 2014),[8] Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Munich, N'Djamena, Nantes, Niamey, Nice, Nouakchott, Ouagadougou, Ouarzazate, Oujda, Paris-Orly, Pointe Noire, Praia, Stockholm-Arlanda, Strasbourg, Toulouse, Yaoundé, Zurich
Seasonal: Al-Hoceima, Kano, Medina, Tétouan
2
Royal Air Maroc operated by
Royal Air Maroc Express
Agadir, Al Hoceima, Dakhla, Essaouira, Fez, Lisbon, Madrid, Málaga, Marrakech, Nador, Oujda, Rabat, Tangier, Tenerife-North, Tétouan
Seasonal: Guelmim, Tan-Tan, Ouarzazate, Zagora
2
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Seasonal: Dammam
Charter: Medina
1
Syphax Airlines Sfax 2
TAP Portugal Lisbon 2
TAP Portugal
operated by PGA Express
Lisbon 2
Transavia.com Amsterdam 2
Tunisair Tunis 2
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 2
Vueling Barcelona, Paris-Orly 2

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air France Cargo Nairobi, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
DHL Airways Amsterdam, Brussels, Frankfurt, Madrid, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Med Airlines Maroc Bamako, Dakar, Lisbon, Paris-Orly, Tangier
Royal Air Maroc Cargo Addis Ababa, Algiers, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Brussels, Cairo, Dubai, El Aaiún, Hong Kong, Libreville, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Orly, New York-JFK, Recife, Rome-Fiumicino, Tangier, Washington-Dulles, Zaragoza
UPS Airlines London-Gatwick, Louisville, Madrid, Newark, Rome-Fiumicino
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk, Madrid

As part of the development of the airport, and since Casablanca is one of the main trading and industrial cities in the southern Mediterranean, the cargo operations will expand in the next few years. A 30,000 square metres (320,000 sq ft) cargo facility opened in 2008, with an annual processing capacity of 150,000 tonnes (150,000 long tons; 170,000 short tons).

Traffic[edit]

Traffic[9] 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 Average growth
2004-2009
Aircraft movements[10] n/a - 69,119 +1.11% 68,362 -2.5% 70,080 +7.6% 65,111 +9.2% 59,621 +13.9% 52,336 +5.86%
Passengers[10] 7,245,508[4] +13,28 6,395,862 +2.95% 6,209,711 +6.0% 5,858,192 +15.5% 5,071,411 +12.1% 4,456,639 +17.1% 3,803,479 +10.73%
Freight (tons)[10] n/a - 53,469 -6.06% 56,919 -6.5% 60,682 +9.3% 55,673 +10.7% 50,285 +6.5% 47,152 +2.79%

Passenger Services[edit]

VIP Service[edit]

Mohammed V is one of the six airports in Morocco where ONDA offers its special VIP service Salon Convives de Marque.[11]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 24 August 1994 a Royal Air Maroc ATR-42 crashed near Tizounine while en route from Agadir to Casablanca Mohammed V airport. The plane crashed with a steep dive in the Atlas mountains. All 40 passengers and 4 crew died in this accident. It is said that the captain disconnected the autopilot and let the plane crash deliberately. The Moroccan Pilots Union challenged these findings.[12]
  • On 1 April 1970, a Royal Air Maroc Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle crashed on approach to Casablanca Mohammed V airport when it lost control at a height of about 500 feet. The fuselage broke in two. Sixty one of the 82 passengers and crew were killed.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mohammed V International airport - Economic and social impacts". Ecquants. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ Airport information for GMMN from DAFIF (effective October 2006)
  3. ^ Airport information for CMN at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
  4. ^ a b "Aéroports du Maroc: Trafic du mois de Décembre 2010" [Airports of Morocco: Traffic for December 2010 (2010-12)] (Press release). Office Nationale des Aéroports. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. 
  5. ^ "Moroccan airports pax up 13%, cargo down 2% in Jun-2013; Casablanca pax up 7%". Centre for Aviation. 18 July 2013. Archived from the original on 18 July 2013. 
  6. ^ File:Atcroutes-1sep1945.jpg
  7. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/03/10/xy-330-s14update1/
  8. ^ "Royal Air Maroc Modifies Planned New European Routes in S14". Airline Route. 6 November 2013. Archived from the original on 6 November 2013. 
  9. ^ Casablanca Airport Passenger Statistics for 2008
  10. ^ a b c Details 2008-2009 from Overview results, PDF document
  11. ^ ONDA website on the VIP service, visited 17 March 2012
  12. ^ Aviation Safety Network database on ATR-42 RAM crash, retrieved 5 August 2009
  13. ^ Aviation Safety Network database on SE-210 RAM crash, retrieved 5 August 2009

External links[edit]