Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
|Sheikh Mohammed in 2003|
|Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates|
11 February 2006
|President||Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan|
|Preceded by||Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum|
15 July 1949 |
Dubai, Trucial States
(now United Arab Emirates)
|Spouse(s)||Hind bint Maktoum bin Juma Al Maktoum (1979–present)
Haya bint Al Hussein (2004–present)
|Parents||Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum|
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Arabic محمد بن راشد آل مكتوم; Muḥammad bin Rāshid al Maktūm), also Sheikh Mohammed, (born 15 July 1949) is the Vice President of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and constitutional monarch of Dubai. He has held those positions since January–February 2006, when he succeeded his elder brother, Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Marriage and family
- 3 Sporting and cultural interests
- 4 Political and business career
- 5 Controversies
- 6 References
- 7 Further reading
- 8 External links
Early life and education
He is the third of Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum's four sons (members of Dubai's ruling Al Maktoum family and descendants of the House of Al-Falasi, of which he is the tribal leader). From the age of four, Sheikh Mohammed was privately tutored in Arabic and Islamic Studies. In 1955, he began his formal education at Al Ahmedia School. At the age of 10, he moved to Al Shaab School, and two years later, he went to Dubai Secondary School. In 1966, with his cousin Sheikh Mohammed bin Khalifa Al Maktoum, he attended the Bell Educational Trust's English Language School in the United Kingdom.
Marriage and family
His senior wife is Shaikha Hind bint Maktoum bin Juma Al Maktoum, his first cousin and herself a member of Dubai's ruling family, whom he married in 1979 in a grand wedding ceremony with lavish celebrations which cost around $100 million. Sheikha Hind is mother of 12 of the Sheikh's children including his heir-apparent, Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed Al Maktoum (born 1982), the Crown Prince of Dubai.
His best-known junior wife is Princess Haya bint Al Hussein, daughter of King Hussein of Jordan and half-sister of King Abdullah II of Jordan, whom he married on 10 April 2004, and with whom he has two children, a daughter, Al-Jalila, born 2 December 2007 and a son, Zayed, born 7 January 2012. Sheikh Mohammed announced the arrival of his son Zayed on Twitter.
Sheikh Mohammed has 23 officially acknowledged children, nine sons and fourteen daughters, of whom four daughters married into Middle East royal families:
- Shaikha Manal bint Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (born 1977), married to Sheikh Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan of Abu Dhabi
- Shaikha Hassa bint Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (born 1980), married to Sheikh Saeed bin Dalmouk Al Maktoum
- Shaikha Latifa bint Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (born 1989), married to Sheikh Mohammed bin Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi, Crown Prince of Fujairah
- Shaikha Shaikha bint Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (born 1992), married to Sheikh Nasser bin Hamad Al Khalifa of Bahrain
- Shaikh Majid bin Mohammed bin Rashed Al Maktoum (born 1987) married to Shaikha Hessa Beljafla
Sporting and cultural interests
Al Maktoum, his sons, and his daughters are known to be avid enthusiasts of traditional Arabic poems and arts, and take part in projects to aid developing countries such as Jordan, Egypt, the Palestinian Authority and Yemen. He writes poetry in Nabati (colloquial Arabic).
They are also sport enthusiasts, especially in horse and camel racing. For example, in the 15th Asian Games in 2006, his son Rashid took the individual gold in Endurance, his sons Rashid, Ahmed, Majid, and Hamdan took the team gold in Endurance, his niece Latifa took a bronze in Show Jumping, and his daughter Maitha led the UAE team in taekwondo. In 2013 when the UAE National football team won the Gulf Cup, Sheikh Mohammed gave the team 50 million dirhams ($13.7 million). His wife awarded the team a further 25 million dirhams ($6.8 million), while the pair's grandsons contributed 12 million dirhams ($3.3 million).
Thoroughbred horse racing
Sheikh Mohammed is a major figure in international Thoroughbred horse racing and breeding. They own Darley Stud, which is the biggest horse breeding operation in the world with farms in the United States, Ireland, England, and Australia. In 1985 he bought the Irish Thoroughbred Park Appeal for an undisclosed sum at the end of her second season. She went on to produce at least nine winners from twelve foals and is the ancestor of many successful horses.
In late 1981, he purchased Gainsborough Stud at Woolton Hill, near Newbury, Berkshire, United Kingdom. He owns Ballysheehan Stud in County Tipperary, Ireland; as well as Gainsborough Farm Inc. in Versailles, Kentucky, United States. His racing operations includes the ownership of Darley Stables and he is the leading partner in his family's Godolphin Stables. Sheikh Mohammed hosts the Dubai World Cup at Meydan Racecourse.
In the UK, his horses have won numerous important Group One races including several of the British Classic Races. His horses have also won the Irish Derby Stakes and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe and in the United States the 2006 Preakness Stakes with Bernardini. In 2008, he bought the Woodlands Stud empire for more than $460 million.
Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum owns the yacht Dubai, built by the German company Blohm + Voss The yacht is 162m long and is the world’s third largest yacht (2014) and can host up to 115 people including crew.
Political and business career
Sheikh Mohammed oversaw the development of numerous projects in Dubai including the creation of the Palm Islands and the luxury Burj Al Arab hotel. He also promoted the construction of Burj Khalifa, which is now the tallest building in the world; its official opening was on Monday, 4 January 2010. During his tenure as Crown Prince he set up Dubai Holding, the debt laden and financially troubled holding company with multi-diversified businesses and investments. He currently owns 99.67% of the company.
He was also Defence Minister of the UAE. After roughly a decade of de facto rulership, he became the Ruler of Dubai on 4 January 2006 upon the death of Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum. The following day, the Federal National Council selected him as the new Vice President of the UAE. On 11 February, the Council approved President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan's nomination of Sheikh Mohammed for Prime Minister.
HH The Emir Sheikh
HH Sheikh Maktoum
His family wealth is estimated to be "in excess of" US$4 billion.
Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum has been known for his vast charitable donations. On May 19, 2007, he announced plans to give US$10 billion to set up the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Foundation, an educational foundation in the Middle East. Sheikh Mohammed stated that the money is meant to bridge the knowledge gap between the Arab region and the developed world. The announcement was made at the 2007 World Economic Forum in Jordan.
In September 2007, he launched the Dubai Cares campaign to raise money to educate 1 million children in poor countries. The campaign is Dubai's contribution to the U.N. Millennium Development Goals for providing Children's Primary Education to every child by 2015. The amount donated to this campaign has exceeded AED 1.65 billion (approximately US$450 million).
On September 3, 2008, Sheikh Mohammad also launched a new Ramadan initiative under the name "Noor Dubai", aiming to help the World Health Organization (WHO) and International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB) in achieving its goals outlined in VISION 2020: the Right to Sight. Noor Dubai will treat and provide health services to one million people suffering from treatable blindness and visual impairment in developing countries on a local, regional, and international scale.
UAE Pakistan Assistance Program
On 12 January 2011, the UAE Pakistan Assistance Program was launched in order to help and provide assistance to Pakistan and mitigate the impact of floods by redeveloping infrastructure, according to the directives of Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the President of the United Arab Emirates and Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. The UAE PAP has worked along a comprehensive redevelopment plan that takes into account the harsh geography and the rough weather conditions of the region while focusing on four main areas of social redevelopment: health, education, water and infrastructure. The Program has taken some vital steps to ease the pain and suffering that the people of Swat have become accustomed to as it provided for the construction and rehabilitation of two bridges, 52 schools and 7 hospitals, as well as the implementation of 64 water supply schemes.
Since 2000, international equestrian athletes affiliated with UNICEF have worked to end the "scourge of modern slavery in mounted sports," by putting public and diplomatic pressure on Sheikh Mohammed and the UAE government. In 2005, a UNICEF-sponsored programme with the UAE government resulted in the repatriation of hundreds of children formerly enslaved as camel jockeys, and provided them with social services and compensation upon return to their home countries of Pakistan, Sudan, Mauritania, and Bangladesh. The UAE government set aside US$2.7 million in initial funding in 2005 with an additional US$9 million for the second phase, and to enforce compliance, adopted a law officially banning the practice with penalties of jail time and a $US27,200 fine. UNICEF endorsed the UAE’s efforts and expressed the hopes that “the UAE’s programme will serve as a model to other countries in the region, as a means of ending all forms of exploitation of children”.
In September 2006, Sheikh Mohammed was accused of encouraging the abduction and enslavement of thousands of boys for use as jockeys in camel races. A class-action suit was filed against him in the US state of Florida. However, in 2006, American lawyers representing the UAE raised a motion to dismiss the lawsuit, on the grounds that none of the involved parties resided in the U.S. In July 2007, judge Cecilia Altonaga accepted the motion and dismissed the suit.
On 9 March 2007, the London-based Metro newspaper wrongly published a picture of Sheikh Mohammed, attributing it to the terror suspect Khalid Shaikh Mohammed. It has since apologised for the error.
In July 2013, following international pressure and extensive media coverage, Sheikh Mohammed pardoned Marte Dalelv, who was convicted of extramarital sex and alcohol consumption, after she reported being raped.
- "Uae The Union, its fundamental constituents and aims Law - Law Firms lawyers, Attorney, Solicitor, Injury of UAE". Helplinelaw. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- Home[dead link]
- "Top weddings of all time Sheikh Mohammed al Maktoum of Dubai & Sheikha Hind Bint Maktoum (1979)". MSN News. 21 November 2011. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- "The Royal News". Nettyroyal. 10 April 2004. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- Shaikh Mohammad and Princess Haya blessed with a baby girl Gulf News (2 December 2013). Retrieved 2 December 2007.
- Sheikh Mohammed announces arrival of new son Zayed on Twitter The National (8 January 2012).
- "The Poet". Sheikh Mohammed. 30 September 2000. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "UAE Equestrian Racing Federation". UAE Equafed. 14 December 2006. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "Latifa does UAE proud as she qualifies for Beijing Olympics, UAE interact". Uae interact. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "Shaikha Maitha bound for Beijing Olympics". Gulf News. 24 March 2008. Retrieved 15 June 2008.
- "UAE showers riches on victorius Gulf Cup victors". Arab Herald. Retrieved 25 Jan 2013.
- Timeform staff (1985). Racehorses of 1984. Timeform. ISBN 0-900-59940-5.
- "Meet racing's new king". SMH. 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
- "Dubai Holding Profile", Zawya.
- "UAE - Profiles - Ministers". APS Review Downstream Trends. 31 May 2004. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- Wheeler, Julia (5 January 2006). "Dubai's formidable new ruler". BBC News. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "The World's Richest Royals". Forbes.com. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- Leyne, Jon (19 May 2007). "Dubai ruler in vast charity gift". BBC News. Retrieved 19 May 2007.
- "Maktoum Moskee in Rotterdam Zuid na 7,5 jaar OPEN!". Ansaar Community. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
- UNICEF Unite for Children Website
- "Initiatives to Combat Human Trafficking". UAE Embassy. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "UAE supports UNICEF in safe return of camel jockeys to home countries". UNICEF. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- Gumbel, Andrew (15 September 2006). "Dubai princes accused of masterminding trade in jockey slaves". The Independent (London). Retrieved 13 May 2010.
- "Dubai's ruler accused of slavery". BBC News. 14 September 2006. Retrieved 13 May 2010.
- "A Dubai Leader Faces Charges of Enslavement". The New York Sun. 14 September 2007. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- Sheikh Mohammed apology, Metro News, 9 March 2007
- Skjeggestad, Helene (22 July 2013). "English version: Dubai ruler pardons Marte Dalelv, who was convicted after she reported rape.- Now I am free. Finally, says Dalelv.". Aften Posten. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
- Atkinson, Simon (22 July 2013). "Dubai rape case Norwegian woman 'free to go'". BBC. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
- My Vision - Challenges in the Race for Excellence by Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (2006); in Arabic; explains the vision of Sheikh Mohammed for Dubai
- Dubai The Maktoum Story by John M. Smith; in English; a book which criticizes the governance of Sheikh Mohammed
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum.|
- The Official Website of the Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates
- AL MAKTOUM - آل مكتوم - Rulers Of Dubai
- Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum's IT Education Project (ITEP)
- The Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Foundation
- Dubai Cares Official Site
- Noor Dubai Official site
- Photos of Dubai - Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum's yacht—largest in the world
Mohammed bin Rashid Al MaktoumBorn: 15 July 1949
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
|Emir of Dubai
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
|Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates