Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
Born (1885-12-23)December 23, 1885
Died January 6, 1967(1967-01-06)
Occupation Prime Minister of Nepal
Predecessor Padma Shamsher
Successor Matrika Prasad Koirala

Field-Marshal Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, GCB, GCIE, GBE (23 December 1885 - 6 January 1967) was the prime minister and foreign minister of Nepal from 30 April 1948 until 12 November 1951.[1]

He was the last prime minister from the Rana family, which had controlled Nepal for more than a century and reduced the monarchy to a figurehead. He was the son of the 5th Rana Prime Minister of Nepal Chandra Shamsher and Bada Maharani Chandra Loka Bhakta Lakshmi Devi. He became prime minister at a time when the king, Tribhuvan was attempting to assert himself. Tribhuvan wanted to establish a stronger monarchy and some democracy, which Mohan Shamsher opposed.

In 1950, Mohan Shamsher's policies against the monarchy forced Tribhuvan and his son Mahendra to flee to India with the help of the Indian Residency and the Indian government, which led Mohan Shamhser to proclaim Mahendra's three-year-old son Gyanendra the king of Nepal.

Early in 1951, Tribhuvan and Mahendra returned, after the Delhi Treaty between Mohan Shamhser, the monarchy and the Nepali Congress and became king again, and began to establish their power. By the end of 1951, the king and his allies, the Nepali Congress had triumphed, and Mohan Shamsher and the rest of the Rana family lost power. The Ranas were deprived of all the hereditary offices and privileges conferred on Jang Bahadur.

Death[edit]

On 14 December 1951, Mohan Shamsher went into self-imposed exile in India, and died in Bangalore in 1967, aged 81.

Family[edit]

In 1900, He married Bada Maharani Dikshya Kumari, second daughter of Kunwar Indar Bir Singh Rathor, of Marma Doti. He had two sons and six daughters. His granddaughter, Yasho Rajiya Lakshmi, by his eldest son, Sharada Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana married Karan Singh, Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir, on 5 March 1956. Another prominent grand child is the Nepalese politician, Pashupathi Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, son of Lieutenant General Bijaya Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.[2] Pashupathi Shamsher's daughter is Devyani Rana.

Honours[edit]

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Padma Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
Prime Minister of Nepal
1948–1951
Succeeded by
Matrika Prasad Koirala