Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
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|Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana|
|Born||December 23, 1885|
|Died||January 6, 1967|
|Occupation||Prime Minister of Nepal|
|Successor||Matrika Prasad Koirala|
He was the last prime minister from the Rana family, which had controlled Nepal for more than a century and reduced the monarchy to a figurehead. He was the son of the 5th Rana Prime Minister of Nepal Chandra Shamsher and Bada Maharani Chandra Loka Bhakta Lakshmi Devi. He became prime minister at a time when the king, Tribhuvan was attempting to assert himself. Tribhuvan wanted to establish a stronger monarchy and some democracy, which Mohan Shamsher opposed.
In 1950, Mohan Shamsher's policies against the monarchy forced Tribhuvan and his son Mahendra to flee to India with the help of the Indian Residency and the Indian government, which led Mohan Shamhser to proclaim Mahendra's three-year-old son Gyanendra the king of Nepal.
Early in 1951, Tribhuvan and Mahendra returned, after the Delhi Treaty between Mohan Shamhser, the monarchy and the Nepali Congress and became king again, and began to establish their power. By the end of 1951, the king and his allies, the Nepali Congress had triumphed, and Mohan Shamsher and the rest of the Rana family lost power. The Ranas were deprived of all the hereditary offices and privileges conferred on Jang Bahadur.
In 1900, He married Bada Maharani Dikshya Kumari, second daughter of Kunwar Indar Bir Singh Rathor, of Marma Doti. He had two sons and six daughters. His granddaughter, Yasho Rajiya Lakshmi, by his eldest son, Sharada Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana married Karan Singh, Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir, on 5 March 1956. Another prominent grand child is the Nepalese politician, Pashupathi Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, son of Lieutenant General Bijaya Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana. Pashupathi Shamsher's daughter is Devyani Rana.
- KCIE (1924)
- Nepal Long Service Medal, and Royal Jubilee Medal (1936)
- GBE (1937)
- GC of the Orders of the Cloud and Banner of China (with the title of Dah-sen-yun-Itevi-Hsun-chang)
- GCIE (27/Nov/1945)
- Chief Commander of the Legion of Merit (1948)
- Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour (1949)
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion (21/Mar/1950)
- GCB (1/May/1950)
Padma Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
|Prime Minister of Nepal
Matrika Prasad Koirala
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