Mohave County, Arizona

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Mohave County, Arizona
Kingman courthouse.jpg
Mohave County Courthouse in Kingman, Arizona
Seal of Mohave County, Arizona
Seal
Map of Arizona highlighting Mohave County
Location in the state of Arizona
Map of the United States highlighting Arizona
Arizona's location in the U.S.
Founded November 9, 1864
Seat Kingman
Largest city Lake Havasu City
Area
 • Total 13,469.71 sq mi (34,886 km2)
 • Land 13,311.64 sq mi (34,477 km2)
 • Water 158.07 sq mi (409 km2), 1.17%
Population (Est.)
 • (2011) 202,351
 • Density 15/sq mi (5.8/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 4th
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7
Website www.mohavecounty.us

Mohave County is located in the northwestern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 200,186. The county seat is Kingman.[1] While the largest single city is Lake Havasu City, the area with highest population is the Bullhead City/Fort Mohave/Mohave Valley area.[2]

Mohave County contains parts of Grand Canyon National Park and Lake Mead National Recreation Area and all of the Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument. The Kaibab, Fort Mojave and Hualapai Indian Reservations also lie within the county.

Mohave County is the fifth-largest county in the United States by land area.

History[edit]

Mohave County was the one of four original Arizona Counties created by the 1st Arizona Territorial Legislature. The county territory was originally defined as being west of longitude 113° 20' and north of the Bill Williams River.[3] Pah-Ute County was created from it in 1865 and was merged back into Mohave County in 1871 when much of its territory was ceded to Nevada in 1866. The county's present boundaries were established in 1881.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 13,469.71 square miles (34,886.4 km2), of which 13,311.64 square miles (34,477.0 km2) (or 98.83%) is land and 158.07 square miles (409.4 km2) (or 1.17%) is water.[4] The county is the fifth largest U.S. county in area (excluding boroughs and census areas in Alaska), exceeded in size only by adjacent San Bernardino County, California (20,053 square miles), adjacent Coconino County (18,617 square miles), and the Nevada counties of Nye (18,147 square miles) and Elko (17,179 square miles).

The county consists of two sections divided by the Grand Canyon, with no direct land communication between them. The northern section, smaller and less populated, forms the western part of the Arizona Strip, bordering Utah and Nevada. The larger southern section, borders Nevada and California across the Colorado River, which forms most of the county's western boundary. The southern section includes Kingman, the county seat, and other cities, as well as part of the Mojave Desert.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Mohave County and its adjacent counties form the largest such block of counties outside of Alaska. Their combined land area is 89,567.34 square miles (231,978.3 km2), or larger than that of the state of Idaho. They include the #1 (San Bernardino), #2 (Coconino), #5 (Mohave), and #7 (Lincoln) largest counties outside of Alaska.

National protected areas[edit]

There are 18 official wilderness areas in Mohave County that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. Most of these are managed by the Bureau of Land Management, but some are integral parts of the preceding protected areas, or have shared jurisdiction with the BLM. Some extend into neighboring counties (as indicated below) All wilderness areas within Grand Canyon-Parashant NM are managed by BLM, although the National Monument as a whole shares management with the National Park Service:

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

State Route 389 in Mohave County

Airports[edit]

The following public use airports are located in Mohave County:

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 179
1880 1,190 564.8%
1890 1,444 21.3%
1900 3,426 137.3%
1910 3,773 10.1%
1920 5,259 39.4%
1930 5,572 6.0%
1940 8,591 54.2%
1950 8,510 −0.9%
1960 7,736 −9.1%
1970 25,857 234.2%
1980 55,865 116.1%
1990 93,497 67.4%
2000 155,032 65.8%
2010 200,186 29.1%
Est. 2012 203,334 1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]

2010[edit]

Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

2000[edit]

As of the 2000 census, there were 155,032 people, 62,809 households, and 43,401 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 80,062 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.06% White, 0.54% Black or African American, 2.41% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 4.00% from other races, and 2.13% from two or more races. 11.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 62,809 households out of which 25.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 23.20% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, and 20.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,521, and the median income for a family was $36,311. Males had a median income of $28,505 versus $20,632 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,788. About 9.80% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.

By 2006 Census Bureau estimates placed the population of Mohave County at 193,035. This represented a 24.5% increase in the population since 2000.[7]

Communities[edit]

Populations are listed in parentheses.

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated towns and settlements[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Mohave County Administration Building is located in downtown Kingman at 700 West Beale Street. The old County Complex, which the Administration Building replaced, was located adjacent to the courthouse on Spring Street and 4th Street. The Mohave County Superior Courthouse, built in 1915, is an Art Deco/Streamline Moderne building on the National Register of Historic Places. The county jail is adjacent to the courthouse, on 4th Street and Pine street.

Arizona State Prison - Kingman, a privately run prison of the Arizona Department of Corrections, is located in unincorporated Mohave County near Golden Valley and Kingman.[8][9]

Education[edit]

The following school districts and colleges serve Mohave County

Unified school districts[edit]

High school districts[edit]

Elementary school districts[edit]

  • Bullhead City Elementary School District
  • Hackberry School District
  • Mohave Valley Elementary School District
  • Owens-Whitney Elementary School District
  • Topock Elementary School District
  • Valentine Elementary School District
  • Yucca Elementary School District

Colleges[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "Mohave County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  3. ^ Wagoner, Jay J. (1970). Arizona Territory 1863-1912: A Political history. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. p. 58. ISBN 0-8165-0176-9. 
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  7. ^ Mohave County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau
  8. ^ "Arizona State Prison - Kingman (MTC)". 
  9. ^ "Golden Valley CDP, Arizona." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on August 13, 2010.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°40′55″N 113°51′47″W / 35.68194°N 113.86306°W / 35.68194; -113.86306