Mohsen Hashemi

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Mohsen Hashemi Rafsanjani
Mohsen Hashemi Rafsanjani.jpg
Born Mohsen Hashemi Bahramani
(1961-10-24) October 24, 1961 (age 53)
Qom, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Alma mater Université de Montréal
Occupation Politician, businessman, mechanical engineer
Political party
Islamic Iran Participation Front
Religion Shia Islam
Spouse(s) Azam Hashemi pour(m. 1983)
Children Emad (b. 1985)
Alireza (b. 1987)
Ehsan (b. 1997)

Mohsen Hashemi Rafsanjani (born 24 October 1961 in Qom) is a politician, businessman, mechanical engineer. He is the assistant director of Islamic Azad University of Iran and was chairman and CEO of Tehran Metro for 13 years. He was the main reformist member candidate for the fourth period of the Tehran city council, but lost to Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf.

Early life[edit]

Mohsen Hashemi Rafsanjani was born on the second of Aban, 1340 (24 October, 1961) in Qom, Iran. He is the eldest son of Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, the fourth president of Iran. He has two sisters, Fatemeh and Faezeh. He has also two younger brothers, Mehdi and Yasser.

During his childhood, his family were pursued by the SAVAK. At the age of three, Rafsanjani's father was jailed by the SAVAK. In order to escape persecution, his father moved the family from Qom to Tehran. Rafsanjani studied at Islamic schools in Tehran, such as Alavi and Valyasr.

Rafsanjani's father was jailed for three years before the Iranian Revolution. During that time, Rafsanjani was the head of the house. He became active in cultural school activities and responsible in the library of the bazaar Tajrish mosque, where he read books. During the Iranian Revolution, seventeen-year-old Rafsanjani was active alongside the revolutionaries.

After the Iranian Revolution, Rafsanjani continued his higher education in the field of Mechanical engineering, where he was working toward his MS degree. His Father, who at the time was commander of holy defence against Iraq, recommended he research how to make missiles. Rafsanjani earned a master's degree in mechanical engineering from polytechnic university of Montreal, Canada.[vague]

Career[edit]

Rafsanjani served the defense industry until the UN resolution was executed[vague] and prisoners of war with Iraq were freed. While a member of the defence industry he worked on the production of Sejjil and Shahab missiles.

During his father's time as president of Iran, Rafsanjani established the Office of Special Investigation of the President with the aim of helping identify problems and shortcomings.[vague] While in this position, Rafsanjani and his colleagues produced nearly 500 effective reports on production, exports, projects, government bureaucracy, and economic problems. Rafsanjani also held the position of the president's Chief of Staff.

Tehran Metro[edit]

Main article: Tehran Metro

Rafsanjani was the CEO of Tehran Metro for thirteen years, from 1998 until March 2011. The Tehran metro was built during his tenure. He was elected as chairman and director of Tehran Metro by Abdollah Nouri, the Interior Minister of Mohammad Khatami. While CEO of Tehran Metro, Rafsanjani separated oversight of the metro from the Interior Ministry and transferred it to Tehran municipality. He used foreign credit to help complete the metro line. When the existing Metro cars were not large enough to carry all people who wanted to use the metro, Rafsanjani used internal and external capital and established a unit that could make new cars.

Rafsanjani resigned his position as CEO twice. The first time was in 2003, when Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was mayor of Tehran.[1] Ahmadinejad did not accept the resignation, and Rafsanjani later reclaimed his post. In March of 2011 he resigned again. This time, the mayor of Tehran (Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf) accepted his resignation, but asked that Rafsanjani continue as the mayor's senior adviser as well as a member of the city board.

Mayoral candidacy[edit]

After he resigned from Tehran Metro, Rafsanjani joined the Tehran city council. At the start of the fourth period of the Tehran city council, Rafsanjani was one of the most serious reformist options. As a moderate member of city council, he stood a good chance to become mayor of Tehran; his close competition was with Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf, the acting mayor of Tehran at the time.

After the first election in August[when?], Rafsanjani and Ghalibaf had 15 votes each and one vote was white.[vague] On the second round of voting, Ghalibaf received 16 votes while Rafsanjani received 14, with the last vote being white.

Islamic Azad University of Iran[edit]

On October 2013, by decree of Hamid Mirzadeh, the head of the Islamic Azad University of iran, Rafsanjani was appointed as the construction assistant director of the Islamic Azad University.

Other pursuits[edit]

During the presidency of Hassan Rohani, Rafsanjani was appointed as a member of the board of director of the Special Company for Rail Transportation of Iran.

Rafsanjani manages a publishing institute called Nashre Maaref Enghelab, which publishes his and his family's writings.

Rafsanjani is the Union Chairman of Urban Railroad Transportation of Iran. He is the chairman of the Board of Transportation engineering of Iran and serves as a member of the Welfare Foundation on behalf of his father.

Rafsanjani is the vice president of the International Union of Public Transport of the Middle East and North Africa. In the past years, he has held various positions, such as chief of staff of the State Expediency Council, head of the presidents's Special Investigation Office, and board member of defense industry.[vague]

Personal life[edit]

Rafsanjani is fluent in French and English. He married his cousin Azam in 1983. The couple have three sons: Emad (born in 1985), Alireza (born in 1987), and Ehsan (born in 1997).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dehghan, Saeed Kamali. "Rafsanjani under pressure after children are jailed". The Guardian. Retrieved May 25, 2014. 
Business positions
Preceded by
Ali Ebrahimi Asl
CEO of Tehran Metro
1999–2011
Succeeded by
Habil Darvish