Mohsen Rezaee

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Mohsen Rezaei
Moshen Rezāi
Mohsen Rezaee Mirgha'ed.jpg
Rezaee in 2012
Secretary of the Expediency Discernment Council
Incumbent
Assumed office
22 October 1997
President Mohammad Khatami
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Hassan Rouhani
Preceded by Bijan Namdar Zanganeh
Personal details
Born Sabzevar Rezaei Mirgha'ed
(1954-09-09) 9 September 1954 (age 60)
Masjed Soleyman, Khuzestan Province, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Political party Development and Justice Party (since 2005)
Other political
affiliations
Independent (1997–2005)
Spouse(s) Masoumeh Khadang (m. 1974)
Children Ahmad (1977–2011)
Sara (born 1979)
Ali (born 1979)
Zahra (born 1982)
Mahdieh (born 1984)
Alma mater University of Tehran
Profession Politician and economist (former militant)
Religion Twelver Shia Islam
Signature
Website Official website
Military service
Allegiance Iran Iran
Service/branch IRGC-Seal.svg IRGC Ground Forces
Years of service 1980–1997
Rank 19- Sarlashgar-IRGC.png Sarlashgar
Commands IRGC Chief Commander
Battles/wars Iran–Iraq War
Awards Fath Medal.jpg 1st grade Fath Medal[1]

Mohsen Rezaei Mirgha'ed, also spelled Rezai (Persian: Mohsen Rezāi Mirqāed‎) (born Sabzevar Rezaei Mirgha'ed; born 9 September 1954), is an Iranian politician, economist, former military commander, and secretary of the Expediency Discernment Council of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Rezaei ran as a conservative presidential candidate in the 2009 elections,[2] coming third with 1.7 percent of the vote, behind winner Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and reformist runner-up Mir-Hossein Mousavi.[3] He was also a candidate in 2013 presidential election and received 3,884,412 votes. He ranked fourth behind winner Hassan Rouhani, runner-up Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf and Saeed Jalili.

Early life and education[edit]

Rezaei was born in Masjed Soleyman on 9 September 1954 to a religious Bakhtiyari nomadic family.[4][5][6] He spent his childhood and adolescence in the oil-rich city of Masjed Soleyman (Irsoleymān) in southwestern Iran. Along with his close friends, he established the "Religion and Science Association". When he was to begin studying at a school run by National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) in 1969, Rezaei moved to the city of Ahvaz. At high school, he started his political and cultural struggle against the Shah's regime. In the last year of high school, he was arrested by the Shah Security service SAVAK in Ahvaz, interrogated and tortured. He was 17 when he served five months in solitary confinement. He did not stop his political activities after he was released from prison. Rezaei arrived in Tehran in 1974 to study mechanical engineering at Iran University of Science and Technology. He studied and worked at the same time. SAVAK intensified its crackdown on guerrilla groups to which he was a member. He had to abandon the university. He launched provincial branches of Mansouroun guerrilla fighters in seven provinces. When Ruhollah Khomeini returned home from exile, the Mansouroun group was tasked with protecting the revolutionary leader. After the 1979 Islamic Revolution, seven armed Muslim groups teamed up and established the Islamic Revolution Mujahideen Organization to safeguard the nascent Islamic Revolution.

Although he studied mechanical engineering at Iran University of Science and Technology before the 1979 Islamic Revolution, Rezaee switched to economics after the Iran–Iraq War, studying at Tehran University and received his PhD in 2001.[4]

Career[edit]

Rezaei joined the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) and later was appointed chief of its intelligence division.[7] He became the IRGC's chief commander of in 1981, when he was 27 years old, and remained in the post until he announced his retirement from all of his military posts. He actively participated in the Iran-Iraq war.[8] In 1986, he was named member of the Supreme Defense Council.[8] Rezaee was removed from the IRGC in 1997 due to pressures from the followers of the then president Mohammad Khatami.[9] Another reason for his dismissal was his failure to respond to the perceived threat of attack from the US.[7] He was replaced by Yahya Rahim Safavi.[10]

He became a member of Expediency Discernment Council and then, its secretary in August 1997.[5] He was also appointed chair of the commission for macroeconomics and commerce. In addition, he is a reviewer of Iran's 2025 versions development.

Rezaei founded the news website Tabnak, originally Baztab, in 2002 as a reaction to proliferation of reformist websites.[11][12] He is also related to Wikirezaee. He also co-founded Imam Hossein University and currently teaches there.

Presidential campaigns[edit]

Rezaei was a candidate of the presidential election of 2005, but withdrew on 15 June 2005, only two days before the election. Rezaei mentioned he was withdrawing from the race for "the integration of the votes of the nation" and "their effectiveness". He did not endorse any candidate.[13]

On 23 April 2009, he announced that he entered the 2009 presidential race, after trying to find another conservative to run against President Ahmadinejad which he lost.[2] He was also a candidate in the 2013 election. Rezaei announced his run for presidency in October 2012.[14]

Views[edit]

In 1988, Rezaei sent a letter to Ayatollah Khomeini in which he argued that the Iran-Iraq War could not be won.[7]

In the run-up to the 2009 Iranian elections, Rezaei criticized opposing candidate Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's public comments questioning the Holocaust as "not useful" for Iran's international standing.[15] Rezaei stated on 2 August 2009 that the ongoing trials of so-called 'prisoners' was an unjust act, issuing a letter on behalf of the Expediency Council of which he is the secretary, condemning the government.[16]

Controversy[edit]

A clash and the disagreement over strategy to be adopted in the Iran-Iraq war emerged between Ali Sayed Shirazi, commander of land forces, and Rezaei in July 1986.[8] When this rivalry became public, Ayatollah Khomeini met them in his residence on 19 July 1986 and urged them to "seek unity", telling them "You must endeavor, not to think in terms of being members of the Armed Forces or those of the Guards Corps or of the Basij forces. ... We must understand that if there were to be any disputes among you ... not only are we doomed here and now, but we also are guilty before God."[8]

Ali Sayad Shirazi and Mohsen Rezaei

In November 2006, Argentine Judge Rodolfo Canicoba Corra issued international arrest warrants for Rezaei, six other Iranians and one Lebanese in connection with the attacks on 18 July 1994, a suicide bombing of the Jewish cultural center in Buenos Aires, Argentina, which resulted in the death of 85 people and serious injuries to 151.[17] The attack on the Jewish cultural center came two years after the 1992 terrorist bombing of the Israeli embassy in Buenos Aires. In 1998, Rezaei's son, Ahmad, defected to the United States, where he told officials that the attack on the Israeli embassy in Buenos Aires was planned in Tehran. The son told U.S. authorities that he had accompanied his father to Lebanon to witness the training.[17] Ahmad Rezaei returned to Iran after a short time and declared that his statements about his father's involvement in the bombing was baseless.[18] Mohsen Rezaei has been on the official Wanted list of Interpol since March 2007, for allegations of "Aggravated Murder and Damages" related to the 1994 AMIA bombing case.[19][20][21] Rezaei rejected the allegations, saying in June 2009 "These charges were a sheer lie".[22]

Personal life[edit]

Rezaei married in 1974. He has five children, two sons and three daughters. His eldest son, Ahmad, migrated to the United States in 1998 and sought political asylum.[4] He spoke against the policies of the Iranian Islamic government, and accused his father and others of supporting terrorist acts.[4] He returned to Iran in 2005, recanting his statements.[4] However, he later migrated to the United Arab Emirates in 2011. On 13 November 2011, his body was found dead in a hotel in Dubai.[4] It was reported that he was killed by a hotel servant, but the Dubai Police stated that he had died after taking a large quantity of antidepressants.[23] His brother, Omidvar, is a member of the Parliament of Iran since 2008.

Works[edit]

  • Iran at future horizon
  • Fath's orders
  • Iran and Middle East
  • Look of the Sun
  • I want to die like a cloud
  • 186 Pilgrim notes
  • Regional Iran
  • Answer to some questions about War
  • Establishment of Badr's Sepah
  • Explanation of trade flows on industrial productivity in Iran
  • Rights of the accused in the court system
  • Hidden Hands
  • The third face of economic jihad
  • Ahmad Kazemi's biography
  • Model for cultural policy and planning
  • Who was Ebrahim Hemat?
  • The second wave of the Revolution
  • Economic Federalism
  • Monetary theory, and general equilibrium Atyar

References[edit]

  1. ^ Poursafa, Mahdi (January 20, 2014). گزارش فارس از تاریخچه نشان‌های نظامی ایران، از «اقدس» تا «فتح»؛ مدال‌هایی که بر سینه سرداران ایرانی نشسته است [From "Aghdas" to "Fath": Medals resting on the chest of Iranian Serdars]. Fars News (in Persian). Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Nazila Fathi (23 April 2009). "Ex-Leader of Iran’s Revolutionary Guards Seeks Presidency". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 August 2010. 
  3. ^ "Ahmadinejad wins Iran presidential election". BBC News. 13 June 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Candidate Profile: Mohsen Rezaei Mirghaed". Asharq Alawsat. 12 June 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Biographies of Eight Qualified Candidates for Iran Presidential Election". Iran Review. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Iran's ethnic minorities key issue in elections Al Arabiya 22 May 2009
  7. ^ a b c Frederic Wehrey; Jerrold D. Green; Brian Nichiporuk; Alireza Nader; Lydia Hansell; Rasool Nafisi; S. R. Bohandy (2009). "The Rise of the Pasdaran". RAND Corporation. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d Sick, Gary G. (Spring 1987). "Iran's Quest for Superpower Status". Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  9. ^ Buchta, Wilfried (2000). Who rules Iran?: The structure of power in the Islamic Republic. Washington, DC: The Washington Inst. for Near East Policy [u.a.] ISBN 0-944029-39-6. 
  10. ^ Rubin, Michael (Fall 2008). "Iran's Revolutionary Guards - A Rogue Outfit?". Middle East Quarterly XV (4): 37–48. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "Iran: Did Ahmadinejad use Saberi in attempt to score diplomatic coup?". Eurasianet. 19 May 2009. Retrieved 3 June 2009. 
  12. ^ "Assessing the Domestic Roles of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps". RAND. 2009. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  13. ^ Iranian Student News Agency
  14. ^ Candidates profile Al Jazeera, 21 May 2013
  15. ^ "Ahmadinejad's Challenger Seeks Path for Ties With U.S.". Fox News. Associated Press. 27 May 2009. 
  16. ^ ilna.ir (dead link)
  17. ^ a b Stephens, Brett, "Iran's al Qaeda", Stephens' "Global View" column, editorial pages, The Wall Street Journal, 16 October 2007; p. A20
  18. ^ Mohsen Rezaei, A closer look
  19. ^ Wanted profile on Interpol website Interpol
  20. ^ Interpol press release Interpol
  21. ^ "Argentina: More international arrest warrants issued for 1994 Jewish center bombimg". South American Political and Economic Affairs. 16 November 2007. Retrieved 25 March 2013. 
  22. ^ Borzou Daragahi (8 June 2009). "Foreign Exchange". Los Angeles Times. 
  23. ^ Ahmad Rezaee, son of the Mohsen Rezaee was killed in Dubai Tabnak

Iran Human Rights Documentation Center. "Violent Aftermath: The 2009 Election and Suppression of Dissent in Iran". Feb. 2010, New Haven, CT. p. 5 http://www.iranhrdc.org/httpdocs/English/pdfs/Reports/Violent%20Aftermath.pdf

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Mostafa Chamran
Chief Commander of the Sepah
1981–1997
Succeeded by
Yahya Rahim Safavi
Political offices
Preceded by
Bijan Namdar Zanganeh
Secretary of the Expediency Discernment Council
1997–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent