Moiety (chemistry)

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Benzyl acetate has an ester functional group (in red), an acetyl moiety (circled with dark green) and a benzyloxy moiety (circled with light orange). Other divisions can be made.

In organic chemistry moiety /ˈmɔɪəti/ is a term used for part of a molecule.[1] Larger moieties are often functional groups.[2]

A functional group is a moiety that participates in similar chemical reactions in most molecules that contain it.[3] In turn the parts of the group are termed moieties. For example, methyl para-hydroxybenzoate contains a phenol functional group within the acyl moiety, which in turn is part of the paraben moiety.

See also[edit]

Moiety conservation

References[edit]

  1. ^ "moiety". IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology (the "Gold Book") (2 ed.). Blackwell Scientific Publications. 2014-02-24. doi:10.1351/goldbook.M03968. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. 
  2. ^ Mezey, P. G. (October 1996). "Functional Groups in Quantum Chemistry". Advances in Quantum Chemistry 27: 165. ISBN 978-0-08-058252-8. 
  3. ^ "functional group". IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology (the "Gold Book") (2 ed.). Blackwell Scientific Publications. 2014-02-24. doi:10.1351/goldbook.F02555. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.