Moinești

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Moineşti
Municipality
Moineşti City Hall
Moineşti City Hall
Moineşti is located in Romania
Moineşti
Moineşti
Location of Moineşti
Coordinates: 46°26′0″N 26°29′0″E / 46.43333°N 26.48333°E / 46.43333; 26.48333Coordinates: 46°26′0″N 26°29′0″E / 46.43333°N 26.48333°E / 46.43333; 26.48333
Country  Romania
County Bacău County
Status Municipality
Government
 • Mayor Viorel Ilie (Conservative Party)
Area
 • Total 46.04 km2 (17.78 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 21,787
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.moinesti.ro/

Moineşti (Romanian pronunciation: [mojˈneʃtʲ]) is a city in Bacău County, Romania, with a population of 21,787 as of 2011. Its name is derived from the Romanian-language word moină, which means "fallow" or "light rain". Moineşti once had a large Jewish community; in Jewish contexts the name is often given as Mojnescht. The city administers one village, Găzărie.

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1930 6,616 —    
1948 5,868 −11.3%
1956 12,934 +120.4%
1966 18,714 +44.7%
1977 20,862 +11.5%
1992 25,560 +22.5%
2002 25,532 −0.1%
2011 21,787 −14.7%
Source: Census data

First mentioned in 1467, the locality was listed among the Moldavian villages on the Bawer map of 1783. A târg was first attested in this location in 1832; it had 188 houses and 588 inhabitants.

In 1921, Moineşti was designated a comună urbană ("urban commune"), with its own coat of arms and local administration, but a step short of being considered a city. It became a municipality in 2002. The 2011 census counted 20,855 inhabitants.

Economy[edit]

The area around Moineşti is rich in natural resources such as petroleum, natural gas, salt and timber. Between the years 1950s and 1980s Moineşti experienced a steady economic growth thanks to the large petroleum extracting industry. After 1990, however, following the nation-wide industry privatization Moineşti's economy changed dramatically, at some points reaching level of unemployment of over 20%

Dada monument[edit]

In 1996, honoring Tristan Tzara, the founder of Dadaism who was born in Moineşti, a monument was built on the side of the road that enters the town. It was created from concrete and steel by the German-Romanian sculptor Ingo Glass in the true Dada spirit and it is 25 meters long, 2.6 meters wide and 10 meters high and it weighs 120 tons.

People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nestor Ratesh". Radio Free Europe. Retrieved 3 November 2011.