|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2010)|
|Rosario + Vampire character|
|First appearance||Manga: "The School Vampire"
Anime: "New Life and a Vampire"
|Created by||Akihisa Ikeda|
Colleen Clinkenbeard (inner personality)
|Relatives||Issa Shuzen (father)
Akasha Bloodriver (mother)
Gyokuro Shuzen (stepmother)
Kokoa Shuzen (younger half-sister)
Kalua Shuzen (older half-sister)
Aqua Shuzen (older half-sister)
Moka Akashiya (赤夜 萌香 Akashiya Moka?) is a fictional title character from the Japanese anime and manga series, Rosario + Vampire. She serves as the primary love interest to Tsukune Aono, the only human enrolled in a school of monsters. She has a rosary which gives her a split personality, her outer persona is kind and sweet, but her inner persona, which manifests when her rosary is removed, is a cold and serious martial artist who uses powerful kicks. In the Japanese version of the anime, her voice actress is Nana Mizuki, who is also responsible for performing the theme songs for both anime seasons. In the English version, Moka's outer personality is voiced by Alexis Tipton, while her inner personality is voiced by Colleen Clinkenbeard.[S1 ep 1 closing credits]
- 1 Conception
- 2 Character outline
- 3 Plot overview
- 4 Depictions
- 5 Reception
- 6 Media
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
Ikeda drew inspirations from Kaibutsu-kun and has incorporated some references later into the first serialization of the Rosario+Vampire manga. In an interview at Lucca Comics 2012, Ikeda said he is a big fan of Tim Burton and was inspired by his works, including The Nightmare Before Christmas, and particularly Edward Scissorhands because the monster has a sensitive soul. He had also researched various monsters from encyclopedias and the Internet. He started with his passion for vampires, and the concept of a beautiful girl vampire with a crucifix around her neck. He credits her and the other female characters for the series' popularity.
Moka's name is based on the word "mocha", which is a mixed coffee drink with cocoa. Her family name (Akashiya) may be an anagram for ayakashi, which is a Japanese term for demon, spirit, or monster. Her sisters have similar drink-based names.
Background and Personality
Moka is described as having two distinct personalities. The outer one manifests when she is wearing her rosary, while her inner one comes out when the rosary is removed.[S1 v1] Some exceptions are made when she employs various magic canceling objects such as Lilith's mirror which reveals a monster's true nature.[S1 v10], and the Belmont Whip, which when wrapped around part of her body, cancels out the rosary's power.[S2 v4]
Cheerful and positive, "Outer" (表 Omote?) Moka is introduced in the series as a teenage vampire girl with long pink hair. At her debut in Yokai Academy's high school, she is immediately revered for her natural good looks, and partly by her academic ability, having placed in the teens (out of several hundred students) on one of their exams.[S1 v1] Although she is good natured and kind, she possesses a bit of naivety that draws her into problematic situations. Prior to the series, she is distrustful of humans, having spent much of her life in the human world, including middle school where she is shunned by her fellow students,[S1 v1] but after meeting Tsukune Aono she begins to trust them.
In the manga's second serialization, Tsukune and the gang learn that Moka's appearance is that of her mother Akasha Bloodriver,[S2 v7]. When Tsukune and his friends look into Moka's past, they discover that the outer Moka is a pseudo-personality that Akasha creates using the rosario, with the purpose of preserving the blood seal on Alucard, and protecting Moka's inner personality while the latter is asleep.[s2 ch 34] All of her memories pertaining to Alucard are wiped.[S2 ch 35] In the final chapter, Akasha reveals that Moka is a clone of herself but with her memories wiped so she can protect her daughter.[S2 ch 66.6] After Akasha disappears, Moka's father later reveals that her personality is still with Moka as long as they have memories of her.[S2 epilogue]
When the rosary around Moka's neck is removed, her inner vampiric personality emerges as Inner Moka (裏萌香 Ura-Moka?) a deeply aristocratic, aggressive and arrogant woman. Her catchphrase at the end of a fight is "Learn your place" (身の程を知れ Minohodo o shire?, also "Know your place").
Moka's inner personality is shown to have a more feminine side when she spent a day with Tsukune, similar to the outer half.[S2 ch 16] It is later revealed that Inner Moka is Moka's true personality. As a newborn, she is injected with blood from Akasha in order to save her life. The "First Ancestor" blood that she acquires enables her to have tremendous strength and regeneration, but can only be acquired by transfusion and not by heredity. When Akasha is attacked and seemingly killed by her stepsister Aqua, Moka snaps where her First Ancestor blood is awaken, which inadvertently awakens the Vampire Lord Alucard as their blood is synchronized with him. To prevent her daughter from being eaten by Alucard so that she can have a normal life, Akasha uses a rosary to seal Moka's First Ancestor blood, and creates a pseudo-personality, "Outer" Moka so that her inner personality can sleep. Akasha designs for Moka's inner personality to occasionally awaken when her rosario is removed by a person who truly cares about her.[S2 v8]
As a vampire, Moka ingests blood: her favorite method is to give Tsukune a Kapu chuu (カプッchu?, lit. "bite kiss", also "Capu chuu"), which, according to Ikeda, is an onomotapeia where "kapu" is a bite, and "chuu" is a kiss. Her nose is sensitive to human blood in particular, when she indicates that Tsukune's blood is the sweetest and most delicious.[S1 v1] If she goes too long without it, she becomes weak and suffers fainting spells.[S1 ch 27] Regardless, she can still ingest other food and drinks, with tomato juice as the alternative to blood. It is noted that Inner Moka does not freely drink Tsukune's blood.
Moka exhibits some of the weakness typical of vampires in fiction and folklore. Her greatest vulnerability is water, explained as having purifying properties; it renders her immobile and removes energy from her body in a painful fashion.[S1 v1]. Thus, when she drinks or takes a bath, she mixes in herbs.[S1 ch 11] Her vulnerability to silver and crosses is explained by the rosary which seals her abilities. With regards to sunlight, Ikeda mentions that she wears long-sleeved clothes to protect herself,[S1 v4 omake], although there are multiple instances throughout the manga and anime series where she is frolicking at the beach in a bikini in broad daylight. Ikeda and the anime character designers ignore other vampire traits such as not appearing in mirrors,[S1 ep 6][S2 v4] or on film,[S2 ep 1] although she has a mild repulsion to garlic as if it were body odor.[S2 ep 8] She has no issues against a fire attack from a phoenix.[S2 ch 23] Although she does not transform into a bat, Ikeda does have her sister Kalua exhibit such an ability of transforming partly into a creature[S2 v4].
Inner Moka possess superhuman strength, speed, incredibly agile reflexes and regeneration. She is considered one of the strongest monsters at Yokai Academy, where she can convert her demonic aura into raw strength.[S1 ch 17] Her fighting style consists mainly of kicks; her most common move is a high leg kick to the opponent. Her sister Koko states that among the four siblings, Moka is in a league of her own, possessing an already formidable power that still has not reached its full potential.[S2 v1] However, if she remains unsealed for extended periods of time, she gets weaker as she loses her will to fight the more times she is unsealed.[S1 ch 27] Outer Moka also has access to such strength, although she prefers to be more laid back and rarely uses all her strength.[volume & issue needed]
In addition to ingesting blood, Moka is able to inject her blood into another person through her fangs. This enables the target to acquire the vampiric strength and speed, but weakens Moka.[S1 ch 10] Multiple transfusions run the risk of killing the host,[S1 ch 22] or transforming the person into a ghoul, a mindless creature with an uncontrollable desire to kill and a craving for blood and battle, such as the case with Tsukune.[S1 ch 23]
Using the rosary, the two Mokas are able to communicate with each other,[S1 v1][S2 v6] even when their roles are switched.[s2 v7] They are also aware of each other's status. However, whichever personality is sealed away is unable to communicate directly with other people.[S1 v1][S2 v7]
Only Tsukune can remove the rosario safely, but Moka is also able, albeit with potentially fatal side-effects. Moka's rosary was the only thing that her mother left behind after she disappeared. It was originally believed that Moka's rosary sealed her true vampiric powers. However, when Moka and her friends went to Hong Kong to see Tohofuhai, the Second Dark Lord, about fixing the rosary, Tohofuhai discovered that the rosary does not actually seal Moka's powers. Much to his surprise, it seals away Moka's memories. The whole point of sealing Inner Moka is to seal away her First Ancestor Blood, which is linked to Alucard's powers, and can only be removed by a person who truly cares for her, in other words, Tsukune.[S2 ch 34] In the anime adaptation, Moka manages to bypass her rosary seal after Ruby mortally wounds Tsukune during the Witch's Knoll arc, the emotional trauma causing her Inner personality to emerge without having Tsukune remove the seal.[S1 ep 10] Also, if willed on by Moka, it can hold back the awakening of Alucard. She was also able to bypass the seal on her Rosario when witnessing what she thought to be Kurumu and Mizore slain by Aqua's Dimension Sword technique. That was what caused the seal to break, and gave Gyokuro the ability to forcefully remove her cross, when normally only Tsukune could.
|This section requires expansion with: move plot details to here. (February 2014)|
Moka is the third oldest of four vampire sisters. As a child, she lives in the monster world and fights regularly with Koko Shuzen, emerging victorious every time. Her personality is sealed by the rosario when she moves to the human world when she is ten years old. In middle school, she is shunned by the humans and thus distrusts them.[S1 v1] She is also occasionally stalked by Koko who follows her to the human world.[S2 v1][S2 ep 2]
At Tsukune's request, she becomes friends with Kurumu, who considers herself and Moka "best friends" despite their rivalry for Tsukune's affection.
Gyokuro believes that the rosary Akasha made for Moka was actually supposed to control the beast Alucard. Fortunately for Tsukune and the gang it was not, as when Gyokuro went to kill Moka she was frozen in place. While she is unable to move Tohofuhai explains the rosary was built as a means for Akasha to look after her daughter even when she was unable to be near her. Thus Inner, or the real, Moka snatches the rosary away from Gyokuro (who is subsequently destroyed by Alucard) and reattaches it to the choker around her neck.
Afterwards, when Fujisaki Miyabi reveals that he was the Masked King who organized the Miu family and Fairy Tale, Tohofuhai calls him out as the dreaded Alucard. To which he replies that he is but a sentient clone of the beast lurking in wait in the bottom of the Floating Garden. When he strikes down all but Moka, Aqua appears and tears him apart with her Dimension Sword. Alucard shoots out several tendrils of his body striking down both Tsukune and Moka, subsequently destroying the already cracked ruby in the rosary. With that action alone Alucard not only destroys the seal put on the rosary, but kills both Outer and Inner Moka. However, Inner Moka is saved by Aqua and Tsukune, who gave her their blood. In the final chapters, when the rosario is placed on Alcuard, Akasha is able to manifest on Alucard's body. She reclaims the Outer Moka personality, which was originally a clone of herself. Aksaha and Alucard cast a self-destruct spell.[S2 v66.6]
Relationship with Tsukune
Tsukune is Moka's first friend at Yokai, and also her first human friend.[S1 ch 1] Her bond with him grows stronger over time, to the point where he begins allowing her to ingest his blood without protest, just so she remains healthy. When it appears in the story Tsukune will be expelled, Moka states she would rather drop out and go with him because she cannot bear the thought of them being separated.[S1 ch 28]
At the beginning of the series, Moka's inner personality mocks Tsukune for his personality, but as the series progresses, she shows an interest in Tsukune by letting him hold her hand in the manga, although this was done so he could learn how to sense when monsters such as her jealous classmates and friends attack.[S2 ch 16] This is shown more in the anime when Moka's inner personaity is left outside after her rosario is used to hold the barrier; she tries to act the same as her outer personality.[S2 ep 12] Inner Moka has no experience in cooking: her attempts to cook a pumpkin pie prove disastrous, although when Tsukune tastes it he tells her he likes it, which makes her very happy.[S2 ch 26] At the end of chapter 26 of the second serialization, the seal was broken sufficiently enough that Inner Moka has taken over the body and Outer Moka was forced into being the Inner personality, however the two can still converse via the rosario almost normally with each other.[S2 ch 26] The seal was fixed in later chapters prior to Moka's captivity by Aqua as an emergency measure.
While slightly amused at Tsukune's attempts to assist her, despite him being a human, Inner Moka claims her personal interest in protecting him is due to his human blood, the primary source of nourishment for her body, but also to keep Outer Moka happy.[S1 v1] Over the course of the series, Inner Moka begins to take a far more active role in keeping him safe, even if her actions result in personal injury, and she goes as far as to defend Tsukune from being marked as "too weak". Along with keeping him safe, it is also slowly shown that Inner Moka does have some romantic feelings toward Tsukune, though it is rarely shown and she mostly denies it, as she acts like a tsundere towards him. A common theme in the manga is that the more time she spends around him, the more she starts to realize her feelings towards him. Moments where her true feelings are shown become more and more frequent, like when she tried to bake a pie for him, or the time when she refused to consider polygamy with Tsukune (suggested by Fangfang) and blushed heavily when Kurumu jokingly suggested that she (Moka) had been about to say "I'm the only one who can be Tsukune's wife", resulting in Moka's beating her (and everyone else) up. The earliest case of her romantic feelings was during her fight with Kusabi Mido of the Anti-Schoolers, where she goes so far as to tell Tsukune that the reason she pushed him away and attempted to get him to return to the human world is because she didn't want him to die.[S1 ch 26] This attitude continues towards the present, where Inner Moka is torn between her feelings for Tsukune and the reality of her situation, ending up with the decision that it would be better for her to stay alone forever so that Tsukune and everyone else she cares for is safe. Luckily, Tsukune intervenes and states that she doesn't have to take the fall for everyone, promising that this time, finally, it is his time to protect her. Inner Moka responds by breaking down in relief, crying while hugging him tightly as they finally reunited on top of the Hanging Garden. She is amazed at how powerful Tsukune has become when he fights Aqua, and is horrified by the realization that her First Ancestor blood is the cause when Tsukune begins to transform into a ghoul after Alucard awakens, weeping as she places his transformed hand against her cheek. She also comes to realize that while she had believed that she was protecting Tsukune and the others with her vampiric powers, they were actually protecting her, and the knowledge that she is no longer alone gives her the will and strength to face Gyokuro and ultimately take back her rosario seal.
Ikeda draws Moka with long, pink hair and green eyes. Her inner personality, when manifested, is drawn with silver hair and red eyes.
In each of the episodes in the anime series, when Moka's rosario is removed, there is a transformation sequence where she becomes a "super-vampire". She still has silver hair and red eyes with slit pupils, but undergoes physical changes to her body such as slightly larger hips and bust size.[S1 ep 1] Her transformation is likened to those of magical girls.[S1 ep 1][better source needed] Her voice is deeper and more serious, and in the English version, she is voiced by a different voice actor.[S1 ep 1] Following her fights as Inner Moka, the bat character announces the duration of Moka's fight. Her appearance resembles that of her father, Issa Shuzen.
In reviewing the first anime series, Stig Høgset of THEM Anime Reviews criticized Outer Moka to be ditzy and a "pink-haired dolt", with no attention to the usual vampire tropes such as exposure to sunlight, garlic and water, the last of which was explained that Moka is only vulnerable to pure water. However, he found her alternate personality as "pretty damn badass" and "a great addition to the show", those he wishes that her back story was explained better. Moka was elected by UGO Networks as the fortieth "sexiest vampire" of all media, with the staff commenting on her relation with Tsukune.
Moka's first character single, sung by Nana Mizuki and containing songs Akai jōnetsu ( 赤い情熱?, Red passion) and Akai suītopī (赤いスイートピー?, Red sweetpea), debuted at number 42 on the Oricon weekly chart. and remained on the chart for four weeks. Her character single for the second anime series, containing songs Anata ni kapu~tsu chū! (あなたにカプッｃｈｕ！?, The Kapu Chu to you!) and Dezaia - jōnetsu (ＤＥＳＩＲＥ －情熱－?, Desire -passion-) reached number 40, and remained for a total of three weeks.
- Ikeda, Akihisa ロザリオとバンパイア. (in Japanese) 10 vols. Tokyo: Shueisha, 2004-2007.
- Ikeda, Akihisa ロザリオとバンパイア season2. (in Japanese) 13 vols. Tokyo: Shueisha, 2008-2013.
- Ikeda, Akihisa Rosario + Vampire. 10 vols. San Francisco: Viz Media, 2008-2009.
- Ikeda, Akihisa Rosario + Vampire Season II. 12 vols. San Francisco: Viz Media, 2010-2013.
- First serialization
- Vol. 1 (ch. 1-4): ロザリオとバンパイア 1 (in Japanese). October 2004. ISBN 4-08-873665-6. and Vampires. June 2008. ISBN 978-1-4215-1903-6.
- Vol. 2 (ch. 5-8): ロザリオとバンパイア 2 (in Japanese). February 2005. ISBN 4-08-873776-8. and Witches. August 2003. ISBN 978-1-4215-1904-3.
- Vol. 3 (ch. 9-12): ロザリオとバンパイア 3 (in Japanese). June 2005. ISBN 4-08-873823-3. and Trolls. October 2008. ISBN 978-1-4215-1905-0.
- Vol. 4 (ch. 13-16): ロザリオとバンパイア 4 (in Japanese). October 2005. ISBN 4-08-873869-1. and Carnivorous Plant. December 2008. ISBN 978-1-4215-1906-7.
- Vol. 5 (ch. 17-20): ロザリオとバンパイア 5 (in Japanese). February 2006. ISBN 4-08-874024-6. and Abominable Snowgirl. February 2009. ISBN 978-1-4215-1907-4.
- Vol. 6 (ch. 21-24): ロザリオとバンパイア 6 (in Japanese). June 2006. ISBN 4-08-874116-1. and Ghouls. March 2009. ISBN 978-1-4215-1908-1.
- Vol. 7 (ch. 25-28): ロザリオとバンパイア 7 (in Japanese). October 2006. ISBN 4-08-874270-2. and Exorcist. June 2009. ISBN 978-1-4215-1909-8.
- Vol. 8 (ch. 29-32): ロザリオとバンパイア 8 (in Japanese). February 2007. ISBN 978-4-08-874324-0. and Shikigami. August 2009. ISBN 978-1-4215-1910-4.
- Vol. 9 (ch. 33-36): ロザリオとバンパイア 9 (in Japanese). June 2007. ISBN 978-4-08-874372-1. and Monster Mamas. October 2009. ISBN 978-1-4215-2354-5.
- Vol. 10 (ch. 37-40): ロザリオとバンパイア 10 (in Japanese). October 2007. ISBN 978-4-08-874449-0. and Magic Mirror. November 2009. ISBN 978-1-4215-2355-2.
- Second serialization
- Vol. 1 (ch. 1-4): ロザリオとバンパイア season2 1 (in Japanese). June 2008. ISBN 978-4-08-874506-0. and Monster Fruit. April 2010. ISBN 978-1-4215-3136-6.
- Vol. 2 (ch. 5-8): ロザリオとバンパイア season2 2 (in Japanese). October 2008. ISBN 978-4-08-874586-2. and Magical Candy. August 2010. ISBN 978-1-4215-3137-3.
- Vol. 3 (ch. 9-12): ロザリオとバンパイア season2 3 (in Japanese). February 2009. ISBN 978-4-08-874637-1. and Snow Oracle. December 2010. ISBN 978-1-4215-3268-4.
- Vol. 4 (ch. 13-17): ロザリオとバンパイア season2 4 (in Japanese). June 2009. ISBN 978-4-08-874679-1. and Inner Ghoul. April 2011. ISBN 978-1-4215-3544-9.
- Vol. 5 (ch. 18-22): ロザリオとバンパイア season2 5 (in Japanese). October 2009. ISBN 978-4-08-874745-3. and Siren Song. July 2011. ISBN 978-1-4215-3691-0.
- Vol. 6 (ch. 23-26): ロザリオとバンパイア season2 6 (in Japanese). February 2010. ISBN 978-4-08-870008-3. and Gangstah. October 2011. ISBN 978-1-4215-3831-0.
- Vol. 7 (ch. 27-30): ロザリオとバンパイア season2 7 (in Japanese). June 2010. ISBN 978-4-08-870057-1. and Vanishing Acts. January 2012. ISBN 978-1-4215-4026-9.
- Vol. 8 (ch. 31-35): ロザリオとバンパイア season2 8 (in Japanese). October 2010. ISBN 978-4-08-870122-6. and The Secret of the Rosario. April 2012. ISBN 978-1-4215-4050-4.
- Vol. 9 (ch. 36-41): ロザリオとバンパイア season2 9 (in Japanese). June 2011. ISBN 978-4-08-870213-1. and Fairy Tale. July 2012. ISBN 978-1-4215-4209-6.
- Vol. 10 (ch. 42-47): ロザリオとバンパイア season2 10 (in Japanese). December 2011. ISBN 978-4-08-870349-7. and Kidnapped. November 2012. ISBN 978-1-42-154879-1.
- Vol. 11 (ch. 48-53): ロザリオとバンパイア season2 11 (in Japanese). June 2012. ISBN 978-4-08-870425-8. and Rescue Mission. March 2013. ISBN 978-1-42-155240-8.
- Vol. 12 (ch. 54-59): ロザリオとバンパイア season2 12 (in Japanese). April 2013. ISBN 978-4-08-870570-5. and Awakening. October 2013. ISBN 978-1-42-155702-1.
- Vol. 13 (ch. 60-65): ロザリオとバンパイア season2 13 (in Japanese). September 2013. ISBN 978-4-08-870812-6. and Alter Egos. August 2014. ISBN 978-1-42-156949-9
- Not in tankbon format (ch. 66.1, etc.) ロザリオとバンパイア season2 (in Japanese).
Rosario + Vampire anime
- Other references
- "<Cast Announcements from Anime USA". Funimation Entertainment. November 12, 2010. Archived from the original on November 16, 2010. Retrieved November 13, 2010.
- "Rosario+Vampire, Vol. 1". Viz Media. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
- Kakaroth, Shinji (2012-11-08). "GP Publishing: Intervista ad Akihisa Ikeda". Nanoda.com (in Italian). Web Agency Meta Line. Retrieved 2013-12-15.
- Hogset, Stig. "THEM Anime Reviews 4.0 - Rosario + Vampire". THEM Anime Reviews. Retrieved 2013-12-16.
- "Anime Review: Rosario + Vampire Season 1 (Wheee!) | Anne's Anime Blog". Annesanimeblog.wordpress.com. 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2014-02-09.
- "Moka Akashiya - Sexiest Vampires". UGO Networks. November 5, 2008. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
- "2008年02月11日～2008年02月17日のCDシングル週間ランキング" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
- 「ロザリオとバンパイア」キャラクターソング 1 赤夜萌香 (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
- "2008年10月27日～2008年11月02日のCDシングル週間ランキング" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
- "TVアニメ「ロザリオとバンパイアCAPU2」キャラクターソング 1 赤夜萌香" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved February 7, 2014.