Mokichi Okada (岡田茂吉 Okada Mokichi, 1882–1955) was the founder of the Church of World Messianity, in which he is known by the honorific title Meishū-sama (明主様, lit. "Lord of Light"). According to his official biography, Okada was born to a poor family in Tokyo and, after many trials and tribulations, eventually made his fortune in the jewellery business.
Initially a follower of Shinto offshoot Oomoto, Okada claimed to have received a special revelation from God in 1926, leading him to found a new religion in 1935 to spread the teachings. Okada soon expanded to open a rehabilitation center centering around the healing powers of light, but it was shut down in 1936 as a violation of the Medical Practitioners' Law (医師法違反).
The Sangetsu (山月) school of ikebana, inspired by Mokichi Okada, was founded in June 1972. The Mokichi Okada Association (MOA) was established in 1980 to continue his work "toward the creation of a new civilization to be undertaken without confining Okada's principles and their implementation within a religious framework" (MOA acquired a status of a legal entity as Limited Liability Intermediary Corporation in 2005, then transferred to one of general Corporation in 2009, officially called MOA International Corporation). Much of Okada's extensive art collection is now housed in the MOA Museum of Art in Atami, Japan.
In 1936, Okada established an agricultural system originally called, "no fertilizer farming" or "Nature Farming". Offshoots such as the Sekai Kyusei Kyo, promoting ‘Kyusei nature farming’, and the Mokichi Okada Association formed after his death to continue promoting the work in Japan and South-East Asia.
According to the International Nature Farming Research Center in Nagano, Japan, it is based on the theories that:
- Fertilizers pollute the soil and weaken its power of production
- Pests would breakout from the excessive use of fertilizers
- The difference in disease incidence between resistant and susceptible plants is attributed to nutritional conditions inside the body.
- Vegetables and fruits produced by nature farming taste better than those by chemical farming.
- Johrei History
- JapanFile - the website of Kansai Time Out magazine - Japanese culture, news, events, music, literature, and reporting
- 'Overview of organic agriculture'. Kristiansen, P. and Merfield, C. (2006) Overview of organic agriculture. In: Kristiansen, P.; Taji, A. and Reganold, J. (Eds.) Organic Agriculture: a Global Perspective, CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, pp. 1-23. 'Independent developments were occurring in Japan. In 1936, Mokichi Okada began practicing ‘nature farming’. Nature farming includes spiritual and well as agronomic aspects with a view to improving humanity.'
- Sustainable Agriculture: Definition and Terms. Special Reference Briefs Series no. SRB 99-02, September 1999. Compiled by: Mary V. Gold, Alternative Farming Systems Information Center, U.S. Department of Agriculture
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- Scientific Proof of Mokichi Okada's Nature Farming Theories by Xu, Hui-lian. Agricultural Experiment Station, International Nature Farming Research Center, Nagano