Moladah has several mentions in the bible: Joshua 15:26, Joshua 19:2, 1 Chronicles 4:28 and Nehemiah 11:26. In Joshua, it is just allotting land for the Tribes of Israel. In 1 Chronicles, it is in a list of places of the descendants of Simeon. In Nehemiah, it is shown as being occupied by the returning Judahite exiles. It was later turned into an Indumean fortress.
There have been, and are, many debates concerning the current location of Moladah. Tell el-Milḥ, SE of Beersheba, has been regularly identified with Moladah, but this mound is now thought more likely Canaanite Arad. The more likey location is Khereibet el-Waṭen, E of Beersheba, which is possibly the Arab equivalent of the Hebrew name.