Moldauhafen

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Moldauhafen (Vltava port) is a lot in the port of Hamburg, Germany, which has been leased since 1929 pursuant to the Treaty of Versailles to Czechoslovakia. In 1993, the Czech Republic succeeded to the rights of Czechoslovakia,[citation needed] and the lease is set to run until 2028.

The lot of about 30,000 square metres (322,917 sq ft) is not an exclave, since it is not sovereign Czech territory. Previously, a similar arrangement existed for the port of Stettin, now Szczecin, Poland.

History[edit]

The 1919 Treaty of Versailles stated in articles 363 and 364:[1]

Article 363

In the ports of Hamburg and Stettin Germany shall lease to the Czecho-Slovak State, for a period of 99 years, areas which shall be placed under the general regime of free zones and shall be used for the direct transit of goods coming from or going to that State.

Article 364

The delimitation of these areas, and their equipment, their exploitation, and in general all conditions for their utilisation, including the amount of the rental, shall be decided by a Commission consisting of one delegate of Germany, one delegate of the Czecho-Slovak State and one delegate of Great Britain. These conditions shall be susceptible of revision every ten years in the same manner. Germany declares in advance that she will adhere to the decisions so taken.

The deal thus allowed the landlocked country free ports where goods transported over the Vltava and the Elbe or the Oder, respectively, could be transferred to seagoing ships in Hamburg or Stettin without the interference of a third state.

Even though Germany had already declared in advance that it would follow the decisions of the Commission, the lease was formalised in an agreement between Germany and Czechoslovakia, signed in Prague on 16 February 1929.[2]

The lot was leased for 99 years. Until 2002, the Moldauhafen was used by the company ČSPL, before it went bankrupt.

With the abandonment of the Treaty of Versailles after World War II, the lease now has the character of a private contract between the city of Hamburg as property owner and the Czech Republic.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Treaty of Versailles, Part XII at Wikisource
  2. ^ Ereignisse 1929 fh-merseburg.de (German)
  3. ^ Rasched, Miriam. Die Elbe im Völker- und Gemeinschaftsrecht. p. S. 101. ISBN 3-8258-6779-X. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°31′44″N 10°0′54″E / 53.52889°N 10.01500°E / 53.52889; 10.01500