Moldova has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest nine times, debuting in 2005. Following the poor result in the 2006 contest, the Moldovan broadcaster, Teleradio-Moldova (TRM) announced that it would withdraw from participation and did not allocate a budget for the 2007 Contest. However, in response to public pressure TRM filed the preliminary documents to compete and sent Natalia Barbu with song "Fight".
In 2008 Moldova, for the first time in 4 years of participating, failed to make the Final, their jazz number, "A Century of Love", finishing 12th place in a field of 19. In 2010 a saxophonist Sergey Stepanov from group SunStroke Project and Olia Tira has become internet phenomenon because of his 30 second saxophone solo.
In 2011 Zdob şi Zdub represented Moldova for a second time in the contest, with the song So Lucky placing 12th in the final. This was the third time that Moldova ended up 10th in the semifinal, the last qualifier for the final.
In 2012, Pasha Parfeny earned the right to represent Moldova, with the song "Lăutar", placing 5th in the Semi Final and 11th in the Grand Final.
XX on the semi-finals denotes auto-qualification. This could be the result of one of the following two reasons; if a country had won the previous year, they did not have to compete in the semi-finals the following year. The other reason being that back in 2004-2007, the top ten countries who were not members of the big four did not have to compete in the semi finals the following year. If, for example, Germany and France placed inside the top ten, the countries who placed 11th and 12th were advanced to the following year's grand final along with the rest of the top ten countries.
XX on the finals denotes an unsuccessful attempt at qualifying to the final.