Moldovan parliamentary election, 2010

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Moldovan parliamentary election
Moldova
2009 (Jul) ←
28 November 2010 → 2014

All the 101 seats to the Parliament of Moldova
  First party Second party
  Vladimir Voronin 2006.jpg Vladimir Filat.jpg
Leader Vladimir Voronin Vlad Filat
Party PCRM Liberal Democratic
Leader since 1994 2007
Last election 48 18
Seats won 42 32
Seat change –6 +14
Popular vote 677,069 506,253
Percentage 39.3% 29.4%

  Third party Fourth party
  Marian Lupu.JPG Mihai Ghimpu Imagine.jpg
Leader Marian Lupu Mihai Ghimpu
Party Democratic Liberal
Leader since 2009 2005
Last election 13 15
Seats won 15 12
Seat change +2 –3
Popular vote 218,620 171,336
Percentage 12.7% 10.0%
Coat of arms of Moldova.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Moldova
Administrative divisions

Parliamentary elections were held in Moldova on 28 November 2010 after parliamentary vote failed to elect a President for the second time in late 2009.[1]

Background[edit]

After the constitutional referendum failed to meet the 33% turnout required to validate the results, the Constitutional Court of Moldova ruled that acting president of Moldova, Mihai Ghimpu had to dissolve the parliament and hold new elections. Ghimpu then announced that the parliament would be dissolved on 28 September 2010 and new elections would be held on 28 November 2010.[2]

Electoral system[edit]

The electoral threshold varied for different organisations; for electoral blocs of three or more parties it was 9%; for blocs of two parties it was 7%, and for individual parties it was 4%. Individual candidates could also run, but needed to receive at least 2% of the vote to win a seat. A total of 39 contestants; 20 political parties and 19 independent candidates.

The Constitution states that the Parliament must elect the President with a majority of at least 61 votes (from a total of 101). After two failed attempts the Parliament must be dissolved and the interim president must set the date for a new parliamentary election.[citation needed]

Campaign[edit]

The Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova, Democratic Party of Moldova and the Liberal Party formed the Alliance for European Integration in a coalition against the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova.[3] The Alliance seeks integration into the European Union.

Opinion polls[edit]

According to the Chişinău-based Institute of Marketing and Polls IMAS-INC, a poll during the period of July 26-August 12 showed 42% of respondents trusted PLDM, 35% trusted PCRM, 35% - PDM and 30% - the Liberal Party.[4]

Date Institute Party
PCRM PLDM PDM PL AMN
15 April–3 May 2010[5] IMAS 28% 16.5% 8.6% 4.9% -
4 November 2010[6] CBS-AXA 39% 21% 19% 13% 2%
12 November 2010[6] Vox Populi 35.3% 19.8% 12.5% 11% 6.5%
16 November 2010[6] BPO 37.2% 31.1% 14.4% 12.5% 0.8%
18 November 2010[6] AVA.MD 54.3% 22.6% 9.7% 8.6% 1%
19 November 2010[6] CBS-AXA 35% 28% 18% 12% 2%
22 November 2010[6] Vox Populi-II 32.1% 22.1% 12.1% 10.9% 7%

Exit polls[edit]

There were two exit polls made for two TV stations, both failing to predict the outcome within the margin of error:

Institute Margin of error % of seats
PCRM PLDM PDM PL AMN
IRES poll (made for Publika TV)[7][8][9] ±1%[10] 26% (29) 34.4% (37) 15.1% (17) 15.6% (18) 3.1% (0)
CBS AXA poll (made for Prime TV)[7][11][12] <2%[13] 33.8% (37) 32.2% (35) 14.1% (17) 10.2% (12) 3% (0)

Results[edit]

Election map showing the results by administrative divisions of Moldova.

The Communists won 42 seats, while the Liberal Democrats won 32, the Democratic Party 15, and the Liberals 12. This gave the Alliance for European Integration 59 seats, two short of the 61 needed to elect a President. The result thus maintained the status quo following the contemperaneous constitutional deadlock.

Observers from the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and the Council of Europe lauded the election, with the head of the Parliamentary Assembly delegation of OSCE, Tonino Picula, saying "These elections reflected the will of the people."[3]


e • d  Summary of the 28 November 2010 Parliament of Moldova election results
Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats +/−
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 677,069 39.34 42 –6
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 506,253 29.42 32 +14
Democratic Party of Moldova 218,620 12.70 15 +2
Liberal Party 171,336 9.96 12 –3
Our Moldova Alliance 35,289 2.05 0 –7
European Action Movement 21,049 1.22 0 New
Humanist Party of Moldova 15,494 0.90 0 New
National Liberal Party 10,938 0.64 0 New
Social Democratic Party 10,156 0.59 0 0
Christian Democratic People's Party 9,038 0.53 0 0
United Moldova 8,238 0.48 0 New
For Nation and Country 4,819 0.28 0 New
Roma Movement of the Republic of Moldova 2,394 0.14 0 New
Conservative Party 2,089 0.12 0 New
Popular Republican Party 1,997 0.12 0 New
Republican Party of Moldova 1,763 0.10 0 New
Equality 1,781 0.10 0 New
Patriots of Moldova 1,580 0.09 0 New
Ecologist Party of Moldova "Green Alliance" 1,385 0.08 0 0
Labour Party 873 0.05 0 New
Independents 18,832 1.09 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 11,907
Total 1,720,993 100 101
Registered voters/turnout 2,645,923 65.04
Source: eDemocracy

By district[edit]

# District Registered Voted Turnout Valid PCRM PLDM PL PD AMN MAE PUM PNL
1 Chişinău 67.62% 40.20% 28.44% 16.04% 8.18% 1.55% 0.39% 0.60% 0.48%
2 Bălţi 58.70% 56.90% 18.33% 4.93% 13.70% 1.38% 0.24% 0.88% 0.31%
3 Găgăuzia 52.66% 59.99% 6.28% 0.52% 15.67% 0.68% 0.27% 6.52% 0.32%
4 Anenii Noi 60.14% 44.11% 31.04% 7.63% 10.21% 1.37% 1.76% 0.75% 0.43%
5 Basarabeasca 73.46% 50.21% 25.57% 2.67% 12.88% 2.74% 0.56% 1.20% 0.21%
6 Briceni 58.97% 47.25% 17.44% 4.30% 21.21% 4.00% 0.83% 0.63% 0.52%
7 Cahul 57.84% 37.77% 33.05% 9.03% 11.65% 1.06% 2.25% 0.60% 0.68%
8 Cantemir 57.97% 34.36% 34.80% 7.76% 11.99% 1.03% 5.75% 0.74% 0.99%
9 Călăraşi 56.07% 25.81% 35.85% 16.24% 12.31% 3.76% 1.07% 0.68% 0.65%
10 Căuşeni 57.76% 41.17% 32.13% 6.43% 12.12% 0.96% 2.14% 0.68% 0.54%
11 Cimişlia 57.24% 38.91% 33.67% 6.97% 15.44% 0.39% 1.03% 0.56% 0.51%
12 Criuleni 62.75% 33.77% 33.30% 11.05% 11.28% 2.90% 2.74% 0.75% 0.63%
13 Donduşeni 65.33% 53.99% 19.59% 4.26% 14.32% 1.23% 1.27% 0.98% 0.67%
14 Drochia 59.00% 44.58% 28.21% 4.21% 13.83% 2.33% 0.65% 1.21% 0.43%
15 Dubăsari 59.10% 62.34% 16.29% 5.52% 9.10% 1.04% 2.73% 0.51% 0.29%
16 Edineţ 61.04% 52.54% 12.80% 3.72% 21.62% 3.73% 1.58% 0.76% 0.52%
17 Făleşti 57.62% 47.59% 25.82% 3.72% 15.81% 2.54% 0.67% 0.89% 0.66%
18 Floreşti 60.63% 47.60% 23.11% 4.16% 17.25% 2.66% 1.15% 0.61% 0.55%
19 Glodeni 57.25% 43.64% 24.63% 4.37% 17.03% 3.40% 1.13% 1.06% 0.57%
20 Hînceşti 56.17% 23.24% 50.96% 6.84% 13.73% 0.85% 0.63% 0.56% 0.60%
21 Ialoveni 62.39% 23.49% 42.11% 16.36% 11.11% 2.34% 0.26% 0.37% 0.55%
22 Leova 53.95% 35.80% 28.72% 5.18% 18.81% 0.52% 5.97% 0.75% 0.90%
23 Nisporeni 60.63% 19.00% 37.21% 14.98% 18.78% 4.23% 2.49% 0.29% 0.50%
24 Ocniţa 63.44% 60.11% 12.81% 2.75% 16.24% 3.51% 0.49% 0.67% 0.47%
25 Orhei 61.05% 24.22% 37.48% 9.82% 17.04% 4.47% 1.32% 0.65% 0.87%
26 Rezina 61.98% 39.40% 27.81% 7.73% 14.67% 1.08% 3.44% 0.76% 0.73%
27 Rîşcani 58.62% 47.73% 23.24% 5.84% 14.26% 2.56% 1.64% 1.28% 0.57%
28 Sîngerei 57.37% 38.33% 28.66% 5.40% 19.23% 2.01% 2.01% 0.84% 0.60%
29 Soroca 60.27% 45.42% 22.36% 5.84% 14.58% 4.71% 2.11% 0.85% 0.69%
30 Străşeni 58.16% 26.42% 41.15% 12.55% 11.29% 2.03% 2.01% 0.63% 0.73%
31 Şoldăneşti 60.94% 40.93% 31.75% 6.22% 12.50% 1.74% 2.05% 0.55% 0.62%
32 Ştefan Vodă 56.21% 33.03% 38.79% 7.46% 11.52% 2.61% 0.88% 1.07% 0.44%
33 Taraclia 60.81% 69.80% 6.18% 1.10% 11.12% 1.31% 0.10% 2.48% 0.30%
34 Teleneşti 61.77% 22.42% 49.14% 7.76% 14.49% 0.35% 1.89% 0.62% 0.96%
35 Ungheni 58.44% 42.35% 26.27% 7.05% 14.70% 3.67% 1.50% 0.73% 0.65%
36 Diplomatic missions 89.02% 6.88% 48.88% 25.44% 8.92% 1.36% 1.02% 0.33% 2.71%
Total 61.72% 39.32% 29.38% 9.96% 12.72% 2.05% 1.22% 0.90%' 0.64%
Source: eDemocracy

Aftermath[edit]

Even though the Alliance for European Integration did not get the supermajority needed to elect the president, the leaders of the three parties of the alliance pledged a new coalition agreement on 30 December. Their new cabinet was installed on 14 January 2011, when an investiture vote took place in parliament.[14]

Moldova's highest court ruled on 8 February 2011 that the government could stay in place without early elections even if they were still unable to elect a new president.[15]

Elected MPs[edit]

The list of deputies elected:[16]

Party of Communists Liberal Democratic Party Democratic Party Liberal Party
  1. Vladimir Voronin
  2. Zinaida Greceanâi
  3. Iurie Muntean
  4. Maria Postoico
  5. Mark Tkaciuk
  6. Igor Dodon
  7. Vadim Mişin
  8. Vladimir Vitiuc
  9. Irina Vlah
  10. Grigore Petrenco
  11. Galina Balmoş
  12. Anatolie Zagorodnâi
  13. Violeta Ivanov
  14. Vasilii Sova
  15. Serghei Sârbu
  16. Oxana Domenti
  17. Zinaida Chistruga
  18. Miron Gagauz
  19. Vasilii Panciuc
  20. Alla Mironic
  21. Alexandr Bannicov
  22. Mihail Poleanschi
  23. Sergiu Stati
  24. Zurab Todua
  25. Anatolie Gorila
  26. Elena Bodnarenco
  27. Constantin Staras
  28. Veaceslav Bondari
  29. Veronica Abramciuc
  30. Oleg Reidman
  31. Eduard Muşuc
  32. Vladimir Eremciuc
  33. Oleg Garizan
  34. Oleg Babenco
  35. Victor Mandru
  36. Serghei Filipov
  37. Artur Reşetnicov
  38. Inna Şupac
  39. Tatiana Botnariuc
  40. Alexandr Petcov
  41. Gheorghe Popa
  42. Gheorghe Anghel
  1. Vladimir Filat
  2. Alexandru Tănase
  3. Mihai Godea
  4. Liliana Palihovici
  5. Iurie Leancă
  6. Grigore Belostecinic
  7. Vladimir Hotineanu
  8. Nicolae Juravschi
  9. Iurie Ţap
  10. Lilia Bolocan
  11. Valeriu Ghileţchi
  12. Mihail Şleahtiţchi
  13. Angela Agache
  14. Ion Bălan
  15. Tudor Deliu
  16. Veaceslav Ioniţă
  17. Valeriu Streleţ
  18. Simion Furdui
  19. Chiril Lucinschi
  20. George Mocanu
  21. Grigore Cobzac
  22. Alexandru Cimbriciuc
  23. Ion Butmălai
  24. Ghenadie Ciobanu
  25. Nicolae Olaru
  26. Ivan Ionaş
  27. Nae-Simion Pleşca
  28. Anatolie Dimitriu
  29. Maria Ciobanu
  30. Petru Vlah
  31. Andrei Vacarciuc
  32. Petru Stirbate
  1. Marian Lupu
  2. Vladimir Plahotniuc
  3. Valeriu Lazăr
  4. Igor Corman
  5. Dumitru Diacov
  6. Marcel Răducan
  7. Andrian Candu
  8. Valentina Buliga
  9. Pavel Filip
  10. Vasile Botnari
  11. Alexandru Stoianoglo
  12. Raisa Apolschii
  13. Iurie Bolboceanu
  14. Valeriu Guma
  15. Anatolie Ghilas
  1. Mihai Ghimpu
  2. Anatolie Şalaru
  3. Corina Fusu
  4. Ion Hadârcă
  5. Valeriu Munteanu
  6. Oleg Bodrug
  7. Boris Vieru
  8. Vladimir Lupan
  9. Victor Popa
  10. Vadim Cojocaru
  11. Ana Guţu
  12. Gheorghe Brega

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Moldova going to third election in two years". BBC News. 28 September 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2010. 
  2. ^ Actmedia.eu: Mihai Ghimpu will dissolve Moldova’s Parliament next week, 22 September 2010.
  3. ^ a b http://english.aljazeera.net/news/europe/2010/11/201011300614153799.html
  4. ^ of Moldova: Liberal Democrats overcome Communists in trust poll
  5. ^ (Romanian) Primul sondaj fără scoruri electorale
  6. ^ a b c d e f Results of Public Opinion Polls
  7. ^ a b "Exit-polurile diferă" (in Romanian). Ziarul de Gardă. 2010-11-28. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  8. ^ "EXIT-POLL: IRES-PublikaTV PLDM - 34.4% PCRM -26% PL - 15.6% PDM - 15.1% AMN - 3.1%" (in Romanian). Vocea Basarabiei. 2010-11-28. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  9. ^ "Exit-Poll PublikaTV/IRES: PLDM - 34.4% ; PCRM - 26% ; PDM - 15.1% ; PL 15.6%" (in Romanian). Unimedia.md. 2010-11-28. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  10. ^ "EXIT POLL PUBLIKA TV: PLDM – 34.6%, PCRM – 25.7%, PDM – 15.1%, PL – 15.7%" (in Romanian). Publika TV. 2010-11-28. Retrieved 2010-11-29. 
  11. ^ "Rezultate Exit-Poll Prime TV/CSB-AXA: PCRM - 33.8%; PLDM- 32,2%; PDM-14%; PL-10.2%; AMN nu trece pragul electoral" (in Romanian). Vocea Basarabiei. 2010-11-28. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  12. ^ "Exit-Poll Prime TV/CSB-AXA: PCRM - 33.8%; PLDM- 32.2%; PDM-14%; PL-10.2%; AMN nu trece pragul electoral" (in Romanian). Unimedia.md. 2010-11-28. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  13. ^ "PRIME TV VA PREZENTA ÎN SEARA DE 28 NOIEMBRIE REZULTATELE UNUI EXIT-POOL" (in Romanian). Prime.md. 2010-11-28. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  14. ^ Sofia Echo - Moldova's new cabinet to face investiture vote on January 14
  15. ^ http://www.monstersandcritics.com/news/europe/news/article_1618104.php/Council-of-Europe-official-upbeat-on-ending-Moldova-s-stalemate
  16. ^ Lista deputaţilor din parlamentul nou-ales

External links[edit]