A first attempt had failed in May–June 2009 after the parliamentary election in April 2009, forcing a snap election and a second presidential election afterwards. Should this election fail again, the constitution forbids a second early election in the same year, which would mean that snap elections would be held in early 2010.
The PCRM have suggested that they would be willing to support an independent candidate for president.
Parliament held its first session on 28 August 2009. The Alliance for European Integration elected Mihai Ghimpu, leader of the Liberal Party as Parliament Speaker. It was announced on that date they would nominate Marian Lupu for President and Vlad Filat for Prime Minister.
The Communist Party boycotted the session and challenged the legitimacy of Ghimpu's election on procedural grounds on 1 September, but the Constitutional Court decided on 8 September that the election had been valid. Voronin had announced he would resign by 14 September 2009 and become a simple MP, which he did on 11 September 2009; this meant that Ghimpu took over as acting president until the election.
Moldova's parliament will vote to elect a new president of the former Soviet republic on October 23 or 26, Marian Lupu said on October 5, 2009. The elections were to be held on October 23, but were postponed due to a constitutional dilemma over whether it is legal to hold them with only one candidate registered.
The first election attempt on 10 November failed, as the PCRM boycotted the election. Another round was to be held within thirty days, and if the second attempt failed as well, early elections would be held in autumn 2010. The second round was set for 7 December, and failed as well, with the same voting result.