Molla Çelebi Mosque

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Molla Çelebi Mosque
(Molla Çelebi Camii)
Fındıklı Mosque
(Fındıklı Camii)
The Hazelnut
Findikli Molla Celebi Camii - January 2011 - 01.jpg
Full view of Molla Çelebi Mosque
Molla Çelebi Mosque is located in Turkey
Molla Çelebi Mosque
Shown within Turkey
Basic information
Location Flag of Turkey.svg Istanbul, Turkey
Geographic coordinates 41°01′56″N 28°59′26″E / 41.0321°N 28.9906°E / 41.0321; 28.9906Coordinates: 41°01′56″N 28°59′26″E / 41.0321°N 28.9906°E / 41.0321; 28.9906
Affiliation Sunni Islam
Region Turkey
State Istanbul
District Beyoğlu
Ecclesiastical or organizational status In use
Status Active
Leadership Kazasker Mehmet Vusuli Efendi, Retired Chief Judge of Istanbul
Architectural description
Architect(s) Mimar Sinan
Architectural type Mosque
Architectural style Ottoman architecture
Groundbreaking 1570
Completed 1584
Specifications
Minaret(s) One

The Molla Çelebi Mosque (Turkish: Molla Çelebi Camii), sometimes known as Fındıklı Mosque (Turkish: Fındıklı Camii) also as The Hazelnut is an Ottoman mosque located in the Fındıklı neighbourhood of Beyoğlu district in Istanbul, Turkey. It was built by Ottoman architect Mimar Sinan under the order of Kazasker Mehmet Vusuli Efendi, Chief Judge of Istanbul. The mosque is located on the Bosphorus waterfront, close to the Kabataş ferry port and Dolmabahçe Mosque.[1][2][3][4]

Geography[edit]

The mosque is located in Istanbul in the Fındıklı district of Beyoglu county in the Meclisi Mebusan Street, on the lower shores of the European Bosphorus, at Findikk. The Molla-Celebi mosque, also known as “Findikli Camii” or “the Hazelnut”, as viewed from the waterside, near the Kabataş funicular and ferry stations, looks very elegant and impressive, particularly under the reflection of the evening sun over the Bosphorus Straits.[1]

History[edit]

The mosque was designed by renowned architect of Turkey, Sinan Sinan under the directive of Mehmed Vusuli Efendi, who was the lead tasker and then Chief Justice of Turkey who was also renowned as a “savant and poet”. According to the government sources, the mosque was built between 1561 and 1562.[1] However, there is doubt about the dating sequence. Another reliable reference puts its constriction period between 1570 and 1584.[3]

The mosque was renovated in the early 1970s.[4]

Architecture[edit]

Interior

The mosque was initially built as a small complex, with a hexagonal plan designed by the architect Mimar Sinan. Principally, the mosque was built in two sections, the central prayer hall of size of 18.90 x 16.40m, and the mihrab yeri (chancel) of size of 8.80 x 4.60m. The pillars are built into the walls and between the pillars there are four small semicircular domes in the east-west direction and the central dome, which is the central prayer section. This section is also covered by semicircular dome of 11.8 m diameter and covered with six arches built between the six embedded columns; the rectangular apse in which the mihrab is built projects out. In addition there are ten windows, placed above the lower part of the dome. The window gaps, placed in two vertical.[1][4][5]

The mosque structure is built entirely in the Classical Ottoman Architectural tradition. The minbar or the pulpit in the mosque, is a unique special feature from where the imam addresses prayer meetings, which is embellished with kalem işi, polychrome wall paintings. The mihrab (niche) is also embellished in the same style as the minbar. There is a slim minaret built at the arcaded entrance, which has four domes. The mosque facing the street, has the minaret to its the right corner. The minaret has a sherefe (minaret balcony).[1][4] The extensions on the sides are covered by semi domes as it provides better continuity for both the cover system and the interior. the mihrab is for the first time is located in an apse that projects from the middle portion of the qibla wall. This interior layout design compensates for the lack of depth on the north-south axis.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Molla Celebi Mosque". Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality Government of Tureky. Retrieved 6 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "Daily Wanderlust: Molla-Celebi Mosque in Istanbul". Lonely planet. Retrieved 6 October 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Molla Çelebi Mosque". ArchNet Digital Library. Retrieved 6 October 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d Freely, John (2011). A History of Ottoman Architecture. WIT Press. p. 300. ISBN 9781845645069. Retrieved 6 October 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Grabar, Oleg (1989). Muqarnas: An Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture, Volume 3, Historical Studies. BRILL. pp. 77–78. ISBN 9789004086470. Retrieved 6 October 2012.