Mollis

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For other uses, see Mollis (disambiguation).
Mollis
Former municipality of Switzerland
Mollis -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Mollis
Canton Glarus
District n.a.
47°06′N 9°05′E / 47.100°N 9.083°E / 47.100; 9.083Coordinates: 47°06′N 9°05′E / 47.100°N 9.083°E / 47.100; 9.083
Population 3,337 (December 2012)
- Density 153 /km2 (396 /sq mi)
Area 21.83 km2 (8.43 sq mi)
Elevation 433 m (1,421 ft)
Postal code 8753
SFOS number 1617
Surrounded by Ennenda, Filzbach, Näfels, Netstal, Niederurnen, Oberurnen, Weesen (SG)
Website www.mollis.ch
SFSO statistics
Mollis is located in Switzerland
Mollis
Mollis

Mollis is a former municipality in the canton of Glarus in Switzerland. Effective from 1 January 2011, Mollis is part of the municipality of Glarus Nord.

History[edit]

Mollis is first mentioned in 1288.[1]

Geography[edit]

Mollis has an area, as of 2006, of 21.8 km2 (8.4 sq mi). Of this area, 41% is used for agricultural purposes, while 44.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 8.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (5.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[2]

The municipality is located on the right side of the Linth valley. It includes the area from the Linth Canal and Walensee to the Schlattbach in the Netstal. It consists of the village of Mollis and the hamlets of Beglingen on the Kerenzerberg and the alpine settlement of Mullern.

Demographics[edit]

Mollis had a population (as of 2010) of 3,337. As of 2007, 12.1% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[3] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 4.6%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (90.8%), with Italian being second most common ( 2.8%) and Albanian being third ( 1.9%).[2]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SPS which received 54.1% of the vote. Most of the rest of the votes went to the SVP with 34.1% of the vote.[2]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Mollis about 73.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).[2]

Mollis has an unemployment rate of 0.98%. As of 2005, there were 154 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 43 businesses involved in this sector. 384 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 47 businesses in this sector. 500 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 94 businesses in this sector.[2]

The historical population is given in the following table:[1]

year population
1554 440
1701 1,150
1799 1,654
1850 2,041
1900 1,912
1950 2,191
1970 2,628
2000 2,974

Transport[edit]

Näfels-Mollis railway station is on the Weesen to Linthal railway line. It is served by the Glarner Sprinter express train to Zurich, and by a regional train between Rapperswil and Linthal.

Airfield[edit]

A F-5E X-ing Street at Mollis

The former military airfield Mollis was used first by the Swiss Air Force with jetfighters like de Havilland Vampire, Hawker Hunter and F-5E and F-5F until 1999 from Squadron 20. After 1999 it was the Homebase for a Helicopter air transport squadron with Super Puma , but a few years later Mollis was inactive as so called "Sleeping Base" for helicopter for a few more years.The aircraft were stored in Hardened aircraft shelter, the command unit were working in a cavern inside the mountain. However it is today no more a Military and will only be used for civilian purposes. ( ICAO code LSMF) Heli Linth and the Rega (air rescue) ( REGA base 12), use the airfield daily. In April 1923 was the first "Flugtag" )(Air Show) when Walter Mittelholzerstrasse made the first landing at Mollis and took passenger flights.

Notable residents[edit]

The Bulgarian-born astronomer Fritz Zwicky is buried there.

External Links[edit]

  • [1]Homepage Flugplatz Mollis

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mollis in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  2. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 14-Sep-2009
  3. ^ Canton Glarus population growth (German) accessed 9 September 2009