|Mologa River (Молога)|
The lower course of the Mologa
|- location||Valdai Hills|
|Mouth||Rybinsk Reservoir (Volga)|
|- elevation||101 m (331 ft)|
|Length||456 km (283 mi) |
|Basin||29,700 km2 (11,467 sq mi) |
|- average||237 m3/s (8,370 cu ft/s) |
The Mologa (Russian: Молога) is a river in Maksatikhinsky, Bezhetsky, Lesnoy, and Sandovsky Districts of Tver Oblast, Pestovsky District in Novgorod Oblast, and Ustyuzhensky and Cherepovetsky Districts in Vologda Oblast Russia. It is a left tributary of the Volga River. The lower course of the Mologa has been turned into the Rybinsk Reservoir. It is 456 kilometres (283 mi) long, and the area of its basin 29,700 square kilometres (11,500 sq mi). The principal tributaries of the Mologa are the Volchina (left), the Kobozha (left), the Chagodoshcha (left) and the Sit (right, now is a tributary of the Rybinsk Reservoir).
The towns of Bezhetsk, Pestovo, and Ustyuzhna, and the urban-type settlement of Maksatikha are located on the banks of the Mologa River. A historic town of Mologa used to stand at the confluence of the Mologa river with the Volga, but it was submerged under water as the Rybinsk Reservoir was filled in 1947. The town of Vesyegonsk was also previously located on the banks of the Mologa, however, it was relocated when the Rybinsk Reservoir was filled, and is currently located on the banks of the Rybinsk Reservoir.
The source of the Mologa is in the southeastern part of Maksatikhinsky District, in the eastern outskirts of Valdai Hills. The river flows east, enters Bezhetsky District, turns north, flows through the town of Bezhetsk, and flows in Lake Verestovo. It flows out of the lake in the western direction, reenters Maksatikhinsky District, flows through the urban-type settlement of Maksatikha and turns north. A stretch of the Mologa forms the border between Maksatikhinsky and Lesnoy Districts. The river crosses over to Lesnoy District, crosses it, flows at the border between Lesnoy and Sandovsky District and crosses into Novgorod Oblast. Downstream of the town of Pestovo the Mologa turns northeast and enters Vologda Oblast. There, it flows through the town of Ustyuzhna, accepts from the left the Kobozha and the Chagodoshcha, sharply turns southeast and flows into the Rybinsk Reservoir.
The river basin of the Mologa comprises vast areas in the north of Tver Oblast, in the east of Novgorod Oblast, in the southeast of Leningrad Oblast (Boksitogorsky District), as well as the southeast of Vologda Oblast.
The lower course of the Mologa, downstream of the mouth of the Chagodoshcha, belongs to Tikhvinskaya water system, one of the waterways constructed in the early 19th century to connect the river basins of the Volga and the Neva. Currently, it is not used for any commercial navigation.
The river freezes up in the late October - early December and stays under the ice until April - early May.
- Молога (река). Great Soviet Encyclopedia.
- Хрусталев, М. Ю. (1999). "По Тихвинской водной системе. Из истории водных коммуникаций и судоходства". Чагода: Историко-краеведческий альманах (in Russian). Vologda: Ардвисура. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
- Плечко, Л.А.; Сабанеева, И.П. (1973). Водные маршруты СССР. Европейская часть (in Russian). Moscow: Физкультура и спорт.
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- "Река Молога" (in Russian). State Water Register of Russia. Retrieved 12 December 2011.