|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||209.93 g/mol|
|Appearance||white crystals or colorless liquid
|Melting point||17.5 °C (63.5 °F; 290.6 K)|
|Boiling point||34.0 °C (93.2 °F; 307.1 K)|
|Solubility in water||hydrolyzes|
|Crystal structure||Orthorhombic, oP28|
|Space group||Pnma, No. 62|
|Other cations||Tungsten hexafluoride
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
Molybdenum hexafluoride, also molybdenum(VI) fluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula MoF6. It is the highest fluoride of molybdenum. A colourless solid, it melts just below room temperature. It is highly unstable toward hydrolysis. It is one of the seventeen known binary hexafluorides.
- Mo + 3 F
2 → MoF
Typical impurities are MoO2F2 and MoOF4.
Molybdenum hexafluoride is a liquid at room temperature. It reacts violently with water with release of hydrofluoric acid and molybdenum oxides.
At −140 °C, it crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pnma. Lattice parameters are a = 9.394 Å, b = 8.543 Å, and c = 4.959 Å. There are four formula units (in this case, discrete molecules) per unit cell, giving a density of 3.50 g·cm−3. The fluorine atoms are arranged in the hexagonal close packing.
Molybdenum hexafluoride has few uses. In the nuclear industry, MoF6 occurs as an impurity in uranium hexafluoride since molybdenum is a fission product of uranium. It is also an impurity in tungsten hexafluoride, which is used in the semiconductor industry. MoF6 can be removed by reduction of a WF6-MoF6 mixture with any of a number of elements including molybdenum at moderately elevated temperature.
- This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.
- CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 90th Edition, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 2009, ISBN 978-1-4200-9084-0, Section 4, Physical Constants of Inorganic Compounds, p. 4-85.
- T. Drews, J. Supeł, A. Hagenbach, K. Seppelt: "Solid State Molecular Structures of Transition Metal Hexafluorides", in: Inorganic Chemistry, 2006, 45 (9), S. 3782–3788; doi:10.1021/ic052029f; PMID 16634614
- Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 0080379419.
- W. Kwasnik "Molybdenum(VI) Fluoride" Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd Ed. Edited by G. Brauer, Academic Press, 1963, NY. Vol. 1. p. 259.
- J. H. Levy, J. C Taylor, A. B. Waugh: "Neutron Powder Structural Studies of UF6, MoF6 and WF6 at 77 K", in: Journal of Fluorine Chemistry, 1983, 23 (1), pp. 29–36; doi:10.1016/S0022-1139(00)81276-2.
- US-Patent 5234679: Method of Refining Tungsten Hexafluoride Containing Molybdenum Hexafluoride as an Impurity, 10 August 1993.
- US-Patent 6896866: Method for Purification of Tungsten Hexafluoride, 24 May 2005.