Mon, Switzerland

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For other uses, see Mon (disambiguation).
Mon
Mon village from the air
Mon village from the air
Coat of arms of Mon
Coat of arms
Mon is located in Switzerland
Mon
Mon
Coordinates: 46°38′N 9°33′E / 46.633°N 9.550°E / 46.633; 9.550Coordinates: 46°38′N 9°33′E / 46.633°N 9.550°E / 46.633; 9.550
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Albula
Area[1]
 • Total 8.46 km2 (3.27 sq mi)
Elevation 1,231 m (4,039 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 90
 • Density 11/km2 (28/sq mi)
Postal code 7458
SFOS number 3502
Surrounded by Riom-Parsonz, Salouf, Stierva, Tiefencastel
Website website missing
SFSO statistics

Mon is a municipality in the district of Albula in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Mon is first mentioned around 1001-1200 as de Maune. In 1281 it was mentioned as Mans.[3] Until 1943 Mon was known as Mons.[4]

Geography[edit]

Albula valley near Mon

Mon has an area, as of 2006, of 8.5 km2 (3.3 sq mi). Of this area, 36.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 58.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (2.7%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[5]

The municipality is located in the Alvaschein sub-district of the Albula district. It is southwest of Tiefencastel on the left hand slope of the Oberhalbstein Range.

Demographics[edit]

Mon has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 90.[2] As of 2008, 5.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 7.1%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Rhaeto-Romance (52.3%), with German being second most common (45.3%) and Italian being third ( 1.2%).[5]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Mon is; 13 people or 15.1% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 8 people or 9.3% are 10 to 14, and 1 people or 1.2% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 5 people or 5.8% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 11 people or 12.8% are 30 to 39, 17 people or 19.8% are 40 to 49, and 9 people or 10.5% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 11 people or 12.8% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 9 people or 10.5% are 70 to 79, there are 2 people or 2.3% who are 80 to 89.[7]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 56.1% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (24.3%), the SVP (13.8%) and the FDP (5.9%).[5]

In Mon about 79.5% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[5]

Mon has an unemployment rate of 0.66%. As of 2005, there were 19 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 9 businesses involved in this sector. 2 people are employed in the secondary sector and there is 1 business in this sector. 11 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 4 businesses in this sector.[5]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][6]

year population
1850 155
1900 112
1950 105
1960 91
1970 86
1980 66
1990 67
2000 86
2010 97

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The baroque Church of St. Franziskus/S. Francestg is listed as a Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[8] The Capuchin built church dates from 1643-48. The frescoes were finished by Johann Rudolf Sturn, but in 1915 were partially painted over. However, following the renovation in 1975, the original frescoes are once again visible.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b c Mon in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  5. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 25-Sep-2009
  6. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 25-Sep-2009

External links[edit]