Mon, Switzerland

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For other uses, see Mon (disambiguation).
Mon
Mon - Mon village from the air
Mon village from the air
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Mon
Canton Graubünden
District Albula
46°38′N 9°33′E / 46.633°N 9.550°E / 46.633; 9.550Coordinates: 46°38′N 9°33′E / 46.633°N 9.550°E / 46.633; 9.550
Population 97 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 11 /km2 (30 /sq mi)
Area 8.46 km2 (3.27 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 1,231 m (4,039 ft)
Postal code 7458
SFOS number 3502
Surrounded by Riom-Parsonz, Salouf, Stierva, Tiefencastel
Website website missing
SFSO statistics
Mon is located in Switzerland
Mon
Mon

Mon is a municipality in the district of Albula in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Mon is first mentioned around 1001-1200 as de Maune. In 1281 it was mentioned as Mans.[3] Until 1943 Mon was known as Mons.[4]

Geography[edit]

Albula valley near Mon

Mon has an area, as of 2006, of 8.5 km2 (3.3 sq mi). Of this area, 36.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 58.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (2.7%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[5]

The municipality is located in the Alvaschein sub-district of the Albula district. It is southwest of Tiefencastel on the left hand slope of the Oberhalbstein Range.

Demographics[edit]

Mon has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 97.[1] As of 2008, 5.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 7.1%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Rhaeto-Romance (52.3%), with German being second most common (45.3%) and Italian being third ( 1.2%).[5]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Mon is; 13 people or 15.1% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 8 people or 9.3% are 10 to 14, and 1 people or 1.2% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 5 people or 5.8% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 11 people or 12.8% are 30 to 39, 17 people or 19.8% are 40 to 49, and 9 people or 10.5% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 11 people or 12.8% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 9 people or 10.5% are 70 to 79, there are 2 people or 2.3% who are 80 to 89.[7]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 56.1% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (24.3%), the SVP (13.8%) and the FDP (5.9%).[5]

In Mon about 79.5% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[5]

Mon has an unemployment rate of 0.66%. As of 2005, there were 19 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 9 businesses involved in this sector. 2 people are employed in the secondary sector and there is 1 business in this sector. 11 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 4 businesses in this sector.[5]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][6]

year population
1850 155
1900 112
1950 105
1960 91
1970 86
1980 66
1990 67
2000 86
2010 97

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The baroque Church of St. Franziskus/S. Francestg is listed as a Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[8] The Capuchin built church dates from 1643-48. The frescoes were finished by Johann Rudolf Sturn, but in 1915 were partially painted over. However, following the renovation in 1975, the original frescoes are once again visible.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 16 September 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b c Mon in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  5. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 25-Sep-2009
  6. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 25-Sep-2009

External links[edit]