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Monk seals
Monk Seals (Monachus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Phocidae
Genus: Monachus
Fleming, 1822

Monachus schauinslandi
Monachus monachus
Monachus tropicalis

Monachus is a genus containing the monk seals, a group of three pinniped species. They are the only earless seals that are found in tropical climates. They are now extremely rare, and the genus is in imminent danger of going entirely extinct, with only very limited genetic variation in the two surviving species.[1][2] Fossils of the species are known from the Pleistocene.[3]

These include:


  1. ^ Pastor, T., et al. (2004). "Low Genetic Variability in the Highly Endangered Mediterranean Monk Seal". Journal of Heredity 95 (4): 291–300. doi:10.1093/jhered/esh055. 
  2. ^ Kretzmann, M., et al. (1997). "Low Genetic Variability in the Hawaiian Monk Seal". Conservation Biology 11 (2): 482–490. doi:10.1046/j.1523-1739.1997.96031.x. 
  3. ^ Berta, A. & Churchill, M. (2012). "Pinniped Taxonomy: evidence for species and subspecies". Mammal Review 42 (3): 207–234. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2907.2011.00193.x. 

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