Monaco participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 24 times since its debut in 1959. The country's first and only win in the contest came in 1971, when Séverine performed "Un banc, un arbre, une rue". In 1972, Monaco was expected to host the contest, but declined.
Monaco finished last at its first contest in 1959, before achieving three top three results in the 1960s. Two of these were achieved by François Deguelt, who finished third in 1960 and second in 1962. Romuald also finished third in 1964. Severine's victory in 1971 was the first of five top four results in eight years. The others were achieved by Romauld, who returned to place fourth in 1974, Mary Christy who was third in 1976, Michèle Torr was fourth in 1977 and Caline & Olivier Toussaint were fourth in 1978. After participating in 1979, Monaco would be absent from the contest for 25 years.
Monaco returned to the contest for three years from 2004-2006, but failed to qualify from the semi-finals The Monegasque broadcaster, then withdrew from the contest, saying that regional voting patterns in the contest have effectively given Monaco no chance of qualifying for the final.
TMC had announced that it was possible that Monaco would return to the contest in 2009 after a two-year absence, after talks with the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), the organiser of the contest, as well as new voting measures implemented in the contest in that year. Despite this, Monaco was not present in Moscow for the 2009 contest. The EBU however announced that they would work harder to bring Monaco back to the Contest in 2010, alongside other former participants. TMC, however, stated that Monaco would not return for the 2012 edition of the Eurovision Song Contest due to lack of financial support for the country's participation.