Monarchy of Ceylon

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Monarchy of Ceylon
Former Monarchy
Coat of Arms Ceylon dominion.svg
Coat of Arms of Ceylon
Queen Elizabeth II - 1953-Dress.JPG
Queen Elizabeth II of Ceylon
First monarch King George VI
Last monarch Queen Elizabeth II
Style His Majesty
1948–1952
Her Majesty
1952–1972
Official residence United Kingdom United Kingdom
Buckingham Palace
Dominion of Ceylon Ceylon
King's House, Colombo
1948–1952
Queen's House
1952–1972
Appointer Hereditary
Monarchy began 4 February 1948
Monarchy ended 22 May 1972
Current pretender(s) Title abolished

The Monarchy of Ceylon (the Ceylonese monarchy) was the system of government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign of British Ceylon (1815–1948) and then the Dominion of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) from 1948 to 1971. Ceylon shared the Sovereign with the other Commonwealth realms. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Ceylon. The Royal succession was governed by the English Act of Settlement of 1701.

The monarchy was abolished in 22 May 1972, when Ceylon became a republic within the Commonwealth, and its name was changed to Sri Lanka.

History[edit]

In 1796 British gained control of the coastal areas from the Dutch and in 1815 the entire island. The Kandyan Convention of 1815 recognized the King of England as the King of Kandy, hence the British Monarchs from 1796 to 1948 were the monarchs of Ceylon.

List of monarchs[edit]

Monarchs of British Ceylon (1815–1948)[edit]

See also: British Ceylon

House of Hanover (1815–1901)[edit]

Main article: House of Hanover
Portrait Name Birth Death Monarch From Monarch Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Allan Ramsay - King George III in coronation robes - Google Art Project.jpg George III 4 June 1738 29 January 1820 18 March 1815 29 January 1820 *Son of Frederick, Prince of Wales
and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
George IV van het Verenigd Koninkrijk.jpg George IV 12 August 1762 26 June 1830 29 January 1820 26 June 1830 *Son of George III
William IV.jpg William IV 21 August 1765 20 June 1837 26 June 1830 20 June 1837 *Son of George III
Queen Victoria by Bassano.jpg Queen Victoria 24 May 1819 22 January 1901 20 June 1837 22 January 1901 *Daughter of Prince Edward Augustus,
Duke of Kent and Strathearn
and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1901–1910)[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Death Monarch From Monarch Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Edward VII in coronation robes.jpg Edward VII 9 November 1841 6 May 1910 22 January 1901 6 May 1910 *Son of Victoria

House of Windsor (1910–1948)[edit]

Main article: House of Windsor
Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
George V of the united Kingdom.jpg George V 3 June 1865 20 January 1936 6 May 1910 20 January 1936 *Son of Edward VII
Edward Prince of Wales during his visit to Canada in 1919.jpg Edward VIII 23 June 1894 28 May 1972 20 January 1936 11 December 1936 *Son of George V
King George VI of England, formal photo portrait, circa 1940-1946.jpg George VI 14 December 1895 6 February 1952 11 December 1936 4 February 1948 *Son of George V

Monarch of Ceylon (1948–1972)[edit]

House of Windsor (1948–1972)[edit]

Main article: House of Windsor
Portrait Name Birth Death Monarch From Monarch Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
King George VI of England, formal photo portrait, circa 1940-1946.jpg George VI 14 December 1895 6 February 1952 4 February 1948 6 February 1952 *Son of George V
Queen Elizabeth II - 1953-Dress.JPG Elizabeth II 21 April 1926 6 February 1952 22 May 1972 *Daughter of George VI

Titles[edit]

Titles
George VI
4 February 1948 – 22 June 1948
By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India
22 June 1948 – 6 February 1952
By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith
Elizabeth II
6 February 1952 – 29 May 1953
By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith
29 May 1953 – 22 May 1972
By the Grace of God, Queen of Ceylon and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Visits[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]