Monarchy of Greece

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Monarchy of Greece
Former Monarchy
Royal Coat of Arms of Greece.svg
Royal Coat of arms
King Constantine.jpg
Constantine II
First monarch Otto I
(as King of Greece)
Last monarch Constantine II
(as King of the Hellenes)
Style His Majesty
Official residence New Royal Palace
Appointer Hereditary
Monarchy began 27 May 1832
Monarchy ended 1 June 1973
Current pretender(s) Constantine II

The Monarchy of Greece (the Greek Monarchy) was the system of government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign the Kingdom of Greece from 1832 to 1924 and 1935 to 1973.

History[edit]

The Monarch of Greece was created by the London Conference of 1832 at which the First Hellenic Republic was abolished.

In 1832 Prince Otto of Bavaria of the House of Wittelsbach was styled Otto I, King of Greece which he reigned for 30 years until he was deposed in 1862.

A head of state referendum was held in 1862 to name a new King. Most of the Greek people wanted Prince Albert, Duke of Edinburgh to be the new King. He won the referendum by 230,016 against the Duke of Leuchtenberg. Albert declined to be King so did every candidate until Prince William of Denmark of the House of Glücksburg who received six votes. William was elected unanimously by the Greek Assembly, and became George I, King of the Hellenes.

There was a referendum in 1920 to abolish the Monarchy but four years later the Second Hellenic Republic was established and the monarchy was abolished following a referendum in 1924. Then in 1935 the Monarchy was restored after a referendum and a referendum in 1946.

In 1973 the Greek military junta called a referendum in 1973, which abolished the Monarchy for the second time in Greek history. Then in 1974 the Prime Minister Konstantinos Karamanlis called a referendum in 1974 which formally abolished the Monarchy.


List of Greek Monarchs[edit]

Monarch Consort Reign Royal House
# Portrait Name Portrait Name Reign start Reign end
1 Otto of Greece.jpg King Otto I
(1815–1867)
Όθων
Joseph Karl Stieler - Duchess Marie Frederike Amalie of Oldenburg, Queen of Greece.jpg Queen Amalia
(1818–1875)
Αμαλία
27 May 1832
[1]
23 October 1862
(Deposed)
House of Wittelsbach
2 King George's Portrait by Georgios Iakovidis.jpg King George I
(1845–1913)
Γεώργιος Α'
Laszlo - Queen Olga of Greece.jpg Queen Olga
(1851–1926)
Όλγα
30 March 1863 18 March 1913 House of Glücksburg
3 Constantine I of Greece.jpg King Constantine I
(1868–1923)
Κωνσταντίνος Α'
Sophia of Prussia.jpg Queen Sophia
(1870–1932)
Σοφία
18 March 1913 11 June 1917
(Abdicated)
House of Glücksburg
4 King Alexander of Greece.jpg King Alexander I
(1893–1920)
Αλέξανδρος Α'
Aspasia Manos.jpg Princess Aspasia
(1896–1972)
Ασπασία [2]
11 June 1917 25 October 1920 House of Glücksburg
(3) Constantine I of Greece.jpg King Constantine I
(1868–1923)
Κωνσταντίνος Α'
Sophia of Prussia.jpg Queen Sophia
(1870–1932)
Σοφία
19 December 1920 27 September 1922
(Abdicated)
House of Glücksburg
5 Georgeiiofgreece.jpg King George II
(1890–1947)
Γεώργιος Β΄
Elisabeta a Romaniei.jpg Queen Elisabeth
(1894–1956)
Ελισάβετ
27 September 1922 25 March 1924
(Deposed)
House of Glücksburg
Second Hellenic Republic
(5) Georgeiiofgreece.jpg King George II
(1890–1947)
Γεώργιος Β΄
Divorced 3 November 1935 1 April 1947 House of Glücksburg
6 Paul I of Greece.jpg King Paul I
(1901–1964)
Παύλος Α'
Frederika of Greece 1.jpg Queen Frederica
(1917–1981)
Φρειδερίκη
1 April 1947 6 March 1964 House of Glücksburg
7 King Constantine.jpg King Constantine II
(1940–)
Κωνσταντίνος Β΄
H.M. Queen Anne-Marie of Greece Allan Warren cropped.jpg Queen Anne-Marie
(1946–)
Άννα-Μαρία
6 March 1964 1 June 1973
(Deposed)
House of Glücksburg

Royal Consorts[edit]

Regents of Greece[edit]

Insignia[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Protocol signed in 1832 but landed in Greece on 6 February 1833
  2. ^ Aspasia and Alexander's marriage was kept secret, and Aspasia was never styled as Queen of the Hellenes. Sometime after Alexander's death she was recognized as a Princess of Greece and Denmark instead.