Monarchy of the Irish Free State

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Monarchy of Irish Free State
Former Monarchy
IFSGreatSeal.png
Coat of Arms of the Irish Free State
King George VI.jpg
King George VI of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas
First monarch King George V
Last monarch King George VI
Style His Majesty
Official residence United Kingdom United Kingdom
Buckingham Palace
Irish Free State Irish Free State
Viceregal Lodge
Monarchy began 6 December 1922
Monarchy ended 29 December 1937

The Monarchy of the Irish Free State (the Irish monarchy) was the system of government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign of Irish Free State from 1922 to 1937. The Irish Free State shared the Sovereign with a number of other Dominions. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of the Irish Free State. The royal succession was governed by the English Act of Settlement of 1701.

The monarchy was de-facto abolished on 29 December 1937, when the Irish Free State was abolished, and the 1937 Constitution of Ireland was adopted. When the Republic of Ireland Act 1948 came into force on 18 April 1949, the new republic ceased to be a member of the Commonwealth, and the role of the monarch in the Irish state was abolished on the same date.

Ireland is eligible to rejoin the Commonwealth under the London Declaration of 1949.

History[edit]

The monarchy of the Irish Free State was created by the 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty which transformed the unrecognised state the Irish Republic into the independent sovereign constitutional monarchy of the Irish Free State. The Irish Free State adopted a new constitution in 1937 which de-facto abolished the monarchy.

Ireland has had links to the Monarchy since 1171.

List of Irish Monarchs[edit]

House of Windsor
Portrait Name Birth Death Monarch From Monarch Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
George V of the united Kingdom.jpg King George V 3 June 1865 20 January 1936 6 December 1922 20 January 1936 None (position ceded)
A022344.jpg King Edward VIII 23 June 1894 28 May 1972 20 January 1936 11 December 1936
(Abdicated)
Son of George V
King George VI.jpg King George VI 14 December 1895 6 February 1952 11 December 1936 29 December 1937 Son of George V

List of Irish Consorts[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Death Consort From Consort Until Relationship with Monarch
Queenmaryformalportrait edit3.jpg Queen Mary 26 May 1867 24 March 1953 6 December 1922 20 January 1936 Wife of King George V
Vacant
Reign of King Edward VIII
20 January 1936 11 December 1936
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother.jpg Queen Elizabeth 4 August 1900 30 March 2002 11 December 1936 29 December 1937 Wife of King George VI

Titles[edit]

Titles
George V
6 December 1922 – 13 May 1927
By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India
13 May 1927 – 20 January 1936
His Majesty George V, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India.
Edward VIII
20 January 1936 – 11 December 1936
By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India.
George VI
11 December 1936 – 29 December 1937
By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India.

Visits[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]