Monastery of Saint John the Theologian

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint John "the Theologian" and the Cave of the Apocalypse on the Island of Pátmos
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Chora di Patmos con il Monastero di San Giovanni "il teologo".JPG
Type Cultural
Criteria iii, iv, vi
Reference 942
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Coordinates 37°18′33.08″N 26°32′52.99″E / 37.3091889°N 26.5480528°E / 37.3091889; 26.5480528
Inscription history
Inscription 1999 (23rd Session)

The Monastery of Saint John the Theologian (also called Monastery of Saint John the Divine) is a Greek Orthodox monastery founded in 1088 in Chora on the island of Patmos. UNESCO has declared it a World Heritage site.[1] It is named after St. John of Patmos.

History[edit]

In 1088, Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos gave the island of Patmos to the soldier-priest John Christodoulos. The greater part of the monastery was completed by Christodoulos three years later. He heavily fortified the exterior because of the threats of piracy and Seljuk Turks.[2]

330 manuscripts are housed in the library (267 on parchment), 82 manuscript of the New Testament. Minuscules: 1160-1181, 1385-1389, 1899, 1901, 1966, 2001-2002, 2080-2081, 2297, 2464-2468, 2639, 2758, 2504, 2639, and lectionaries.[3]

As of 2012, 40 monks reside here.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ UNESCO, World Heritage Site #942, webpage:WHC-UNESCO-942.
  2. ^ "Monastery of St. John, Patmos". July 20, 2010. Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  3. ^ Manuscripts by place at the INTF.