Monastyryska (Ukrainian: Монастириська; Polish: Monasterzyska) is a town in Ternopil Oblast, Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Monastyryska Raion. In 2001, the population was 6,344. The town is situated on the river Koropets, 15 km (9.32 mi) from Buchach, 140 km (86.99 mi) south east from Lviv, on the road between Berezhany and Ivano-Frankivsk. The river Koropets forms a wide lake. Monasteryska borders Hryhoriv and Bertnyky on the east, Ozekhiv on the south, Vycholky and Stara Huta on the west, Nova Huta, Shveykiv and Kovalivka on the north.
For most of its history the city belonged to the Kingdom of Poland. From the mid-14th century, to 1772 (see Partitions of Poland), it was part of Ruthenian Voivodeship. Monastyryska received a town charter in 1454, and in February 1653, a battle between Polish and Cossack troops took place here, during the Khmelnytsky Uprising. The Polish army under Stefan Czarniecki failed to capture the town, defended by Ivan Bohun.
After the partitions of Poland, Monastyryska was annexed by the Habsburg Empire. It remained in the province of Galicia until November 1918. In the Second Polish Republic, it was part of Buczacz County, Tarnopol Voivodeship. Following the Soviet Invasion of Poland (September 17, 1939), the town was annexed by the Soviet Union, and since 1991, it has belonged to the independent Ukraine.
Monastyryska has one of the largest Polish cemeteries in the region of Podole, with more than 2,000 stone tombs. The cemetery has the burial chapel of the Potocki family as well as a military chapel, where veterans of the January Uprising and soldiers of the World War One Polish Legions rest.
- Zenon Bazyli Buczkowski – Polish microbiologist and medicine professor,
- Stanislaw Rossowski - Polish journalist, writer and poet,
- Horacy Safrin - Polish satirist, translator of Jewish literature,
- Alfred Suchecki - Polish criminologist, pioneer of cheiloscopy (the study of lip prints),
- Gabriel Turowski - Polish physician, immunologist and microbiologist,
- Mieczyslaw Zygmunt Wisniewski - Polish soccer goalkeeper of Cracovia Krakow and Wisla Krakow, participant in the 1924 Olympic Games,
- Jan Zaleski - Polish philologist.
- for centuries, the town was one of seats of the Potocki family, to which it belonged until 1844. Among famous members of the family from Monastyryska is Count Antoni Potocki.