Monchegorsk

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This article is about a town in Russia. For the cargo ship involved in the 2011 explosion in Cyprus, see MV Monchegorsk.
Monchegorsk (English)
Мончегорск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Мончегорск с высоты.jpg
Aerial view of Monchegorsk
Map of Russia - Murmansk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Murmansk Oblast in Russia
Monchegorsk is located in Murmansk Oblast
Monchegorsk
Monchegorsk
Location of Monchegorsk in Murmansk Oblast
Coordinates: 67°56′N 32°55′E / 67.933°N 32.917°E / 67.933; 32.917Coordinates: 67°56′N 32°55′E / 67.933°N 32.917°E / 67.933; 32.917
Coat of Arms of Monchegorsk (Murmansk oblast).png
Flag of Monchegorsk (Murmansk oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of April 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Murmansk Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Monchegorsk Town with Jurisdictional Territory[1]
Administrative center of Monchegorsk Town with Jurisdictional Territory[1]
Municipal status (as of October 2007)
Urban okrug Monchegorsk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Monchegorsk Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[citation needed] Dmitry Shaposhnikov[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 45,361 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 351st
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 1930s[citation needed]
Town status since September 20, 1937[5]
Previous names Moncha-Guba (until November 25, 1935)[6]
Postal code(s)[7] 184505
Dialing code(s) +7 815 36[citation needed]
Official website
Monchegorsk on WikiCommons

Monchegorsk (Russian: Мончего́рск) is a town in Murmansk Oblast, Russia, located on the Kola Peninsula, 145 kilometers (90 mi) south of Murmansk, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 45,361 (2010 Census);[3] 52,242 (2002 Census);[8] 68,652 (1989 Census).[9]

Name[edit]

The name of the town derives from Akkalan Saame Sami word monce (montshe), meaning "beautiful".[citation needed] The name originally was intended for nearby Montshatuntur (Artic Hill).[citation needed]

History[edit]

It was established in the 1930s[citation needed] as the inhabited locality of Moncha-Guba (Монча-Губа), which served copper and nickel mining in the Monchetundra Massif.[6] It was granted work settlement status and renamed Monchegorsk by the Resolution of the Presidium of All-Russian Central Executive Committee (VTsIK) on November 25, 1935.[6] At the same time, it was transferred from Kolsky District to Kirovsky District.[6] By 1937, the copper-nickel mining volume increased significantly, and, consequently, the area population grew as well.[5] On February 19, 1937, the Presidium of the Murmansk Okrug Executive Committee petitioned to create new Monchegorsky District by separating the town and its surrounding area from Kirovsky District and to grant Monchegorsk town status.[5] As a result, town status was granted to Monchegorsk by the VTsIK Resolution of September 20, 1937, although no new district was formed.[5] On October 10, 1937, Monchegorsk town council was subordinated directly to the Murmansk Okrug Executive Committee.[5]

On December 21, 1937, the Presidium of the Murmansk Okrug Executive Committee again petitioned to create a new district with the administrative center in Monchegorsk.[5] In a letter to the Leningrad Oblast Executive Committee and the VTsIK, the Presidium noted that Kirovsky District has two developed but unrelated industrial centers—Kirovsk and Monchegorsk—with the latter having a larger population and being located 111 kilometers (69 mi) away from the former.[5] The petition was again unsuccessful—when on February 10, 1938 the VTsIK adopted a new Resolution changing the administrative-territorial structure of Leningrad Oblast (of which Murmansk Okrug was a part), Monchegorsk remained a part of Kirovsky District.[5]

Monchegorsky District was eventually formed on December 27, 1938.[5] It existed until December 9, 1949, when by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union Monchegorsk was elevated in status to that of a town under oblast jurisdiction, with the former district's territory passing into its subordination.[5]

By the August 10, 1981 Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR Decree, the town of Olenegorsk was elevated in status to that of a town under oblast jurisdiction and subsequently several inhabited localities previously subordinated to Monchegorsk were transferred to Olenegorsk by the August 26, 1981 Decision of the Murmansk Oblast Executive Committee.[10]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with three rural localities, incorporated as Monchegorsk Town with Jurisdictional Territory—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Monchegorsk Town with Jurisdictional Territory is incorporated as Monchegorsk Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

Nickel and copper producing factories in Monchegorsk

Monchegorsk is a center of nickel and copper production (a Norilsk Nickel plant is located here), and the area surrounding the town is severely polluted. It is one of the most polluted towns in Russian Federation. It hosts the Monchegorsk air base of the Russian Air Force.

Sports[edit]

The bandy team Kolskaya GMK has played in the highest division of Russian Bandy League, last in 2010-2011. Their home arena has a capacity of 5000.[1]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #96-01-ZMO
  2. ^ a b c Law #536-01-ZMO
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 51–54
  6. ^ a b c d Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 49
  7. ^ Russian Post. Postal Code
  8. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 57

Sources[edit]

  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №96-01-ЗМО от 6 января 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Мурманской области», в ред. Закона №1704-01-ЗМО от 20 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Мурманской области». Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №10, стр. 3, 16 января 1998 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #96-01-ZMO of January 6, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Murmansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #1704-01-ZMO of December 20, 2013 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Murmansk Oblast. ).
  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №536-01-ЗМО от 2 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе муниципального образования город Мончегорск с подведомственной территорией», в ред. Закона №906-01-ЗМО от 26 октября 2007 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Мурманской области в связи с упразднением населённых пунктов Мурманской области». Вступил в силу 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №234, стр. 3, 7 декабря 2004 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #536-01-ZMO of December 2, 2004 On the Status of the Municipal Formation of the Town of Monchegorsk with Jurisdictional Territory, as amended by the Law #906-01-ZMO of October 26, 2007 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Murmansk Oblast Due to the Abolition of the Inhabited Localities in Murmansk Oblast. Effective as of January 1, 2005.).
  • Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920-1993 гг.). Справочник. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север".