Mondzish languages

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ChineseVietnamese border
Linguistic classification: Sino-Tibetan
Proto-language: Man
Glottolog: mond1269[1]

Mondzish is a small group of languages that constitute the most divergent branch of the Lolo–Burmese languages in the classification of Lama (2012), who identifies them as the descendents of the Man people (Nánmán):

Maang is spoken in Funing County, Yunnan, China, and Mantsi in Funing County and across the border in Hà Giang province, Vietnam. According to Jerold A. Edmondson (2003), Kathu is related.

Lama (2012) lists the following sound changes from Proto-Loloish as Mondzish innovations.

  • *tsʰ- > s-
  • *ɣr- > ʐ-
  • *ɣʷ- > b-


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Mondzish". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Edmondson, Jerold A. 2003. Three Tibeto-Burman Languages of Vietnam.
  • Lama, Ziwo Qiu-Fuyuan (2012), Subgrouping of Nisoic (Yi) Languages, thesis, University of Texas at Arlington (archived)