Mongolian Braille

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Mongolian Braille
Type alphabet
Languages Mongolian
Parent systems
Braille
Print basis
Mongolian Cyrillic alphabet

Mongolian Braille is the braille alphabets used for the Mongolian language in (Outer) Mongolia. It is based on Russian Braille, with a couple additional letters for print letters found in the Mongolian Cyrillic alphabet.[1]

Alphabet[edit]

The printed Mongolian Cyrillic alphabet has all the letters of printed Russian, though some are only used in loan words, plus the letters ө, ү.

Print а a б b в v г g д d е ye ё yo ж j з dz и i й y к k
Braille ⠁ (braille pattern dots-1) ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12) ⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456) ⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245) ⠙ (braille pattern dots-145) ⠑ (braille pattern dots-15) ⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠚ (braille pattern dots-245) ⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356) ⠊ (braille pattern dots-24) ⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346) ⠅ (braille pattern dots-13)
Print л l м m н n о o ө ö п p р r с s т t у u ү ü ф f
Braille ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123) ⠍ (braille pattern dots-134) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135) ⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236) ⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234) ⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠋ (braille pattern dots-124)
Print х kh ц ts ч ch ш sh щ shch ъ ы i ь э e ю yu я ya  
Braille ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125) ⠉ (braille pattern dots-14) ⠟ (braille pattern dots-12345) ⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356) ⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346) ⠾ (braille pattern dots-23456) ⠪ (braille pattern dots-246) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠫ (braille pattern dots-1246) ⠀ (braille pattern blank)

The non-Russian letters ө, ү, have the forms of two obsolete letters of Russian Braille. The Mongolian vowel ө (ö) is coincidentally similar in print to the old Russian consonant ѳ (th), and it takes the latter's braille assignment, ; the Mongolian vowel ү (ü) takes the assignment of the old Russian vowel yat, .

Punctuation[edit]

Print , .  ?  !
Braille ⠂ (braille pattern dots-2) ⠲ (braille pattern dots-256) ⠢ (braille pattern dots-26) ⠖ (braille pattern dots-235)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ UNESCO (2013) World Braille Usage, 3rd edition.