The Mongolian Plateau is the part of the Central Asian Plateau lying between 87°40′-122°15′N and 37°46′-53°08′E and having an area of approximately 2,600,000 square kilometres (1,000,000 sq mi). It is bounded by the Greater Hinggan Mountains in the east, the Yin Mountains to the south, the Altai Mountains to the west, and the Sayan and Khentii mountains to the north.
Politically, the independent state of Mongolia, China's Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia areas, and Russia's Siberia area lie on the Mongolian Plateau. The plateau includes the Gobi Desert as well as dry steppe regions. It has an elevation of roughly 1000 to 1,500 meters, with the lowest point in Hulunbuir and the highest point in Altai.
See also 
- Zhang, Xueyan; Hu, Yunfeng; Zhuang, Dafang; Qi, Yongqing; Ma, Xin (2009). "NDVI spatial pattern and its differentiation on the Mongolian Plateau". Journal of Geographical Sciences (Springer-Verlag) 19: 405.