Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission
|Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission|
|Měng Zàng Wěiyuánhuì|
|Formed||1 February 1929|
|Jurisdiction||Republic of China|
|Minister responsible||Luo Ying-shay, Minister|
|Parent Agency||Executive Yuan|
The Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission (MTAC; Chinese: 蒙藏委員會; pinyin: Měng Zàng Wěiyuánhuì) is one of two ministry-level commissions of the Executive Yuan in the Republic of China. Inaugural addresses are delivered by the Chairman of the Commission.
It was originally created during the Qing dynasty as a subsection of the Lifan Yuan, and oversaw the relationship of the Qing court to its Mongolian and Tibetan dependencies. Following the 1911 revolution and collapse of the Qing dynasty, the section was replaced by the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Bureau in 1912, and was renamed and reorganized again in 1914 as the Mongolian-Tibetan Ministry, under the direct control of the president. The organization function much the same as the older division of the Lifan Yuan, and oversaw other minority groups in China in addition to the Mongolians and Tibetans. The current name was given following another reorganization in the late 1920s. After the Communist revolution in China, and the Republic of China's relocation to Taiwan, the MTAC ceased its activities in Tibet and Mongolia, although it served as a governmental body which assisted in the relationship between ethnic Mongols and Tibetans in Taiwan and increasing the communication between the Taiwanese and the Mongols as well as the Tibetans.
After the 1959 Tibetan Rebellion, Chiang Kai-shek announced in his Letter to Tibetan Friends (Chinese: 告西藏同胞書; pinyin: Gào Xīzàng Tóngbāo Shū) that the ROC's policy would be to help the Tibetan diaspora overthrow the People's Republic of China's rule in Tibet. The MTAC sent secret agents to India to disseminate pro-Kuomintang (KMT) and anti-Communist propaganda among Tibetan exiles. From 1971 to 1978, the MTAC also recruited ethnic Tibetan children from India and Nepal to study in Taiwan, with the expectation that they would work for a ROC government that returned to the mainland. In 1994, the veterans' association for the Tibetan guerrilla group Chushi Gangdruk met with the MTAC and agreed to the KMT's One China Principle. In response, the Dalai Lama's Central Tibetan Administration forbade all exiled Tibetans from contact with the MTAC.
- Yan Xishan (1928.12.27-1930.04.05)
- Ma Fuxiang (1930.09.08-1931.12.30)
- Shi Qingyang (1931.12.30-1935.03.15)
- Huang Mu-sung (1935.03.15-1936.07.29)
- Lin Yun Gai (1936.07.29-1936.08.08)
- Wu Zhongxin (1936.08.08-1944.12.06)
- Leung Kam Lo (1944.12.06-1947.04.23)
- Xu Shiying (1947.04.23-1948.11.26)
- Bai Yunti (1948.11.26-1949.06.06)
- Guan Jiyu (1949.06.06-1949.11.23)
- Zhou Kuntian (1949.11.23-1950.03.10)
- Yu Jingtang (1950.03.10-1951.02.22)
- Jiong Tian Jin (1951.02.22-1954.05.25)
- Liu Lianke (1954.05.25-1658.07.14)
- Lee Yong-xin (1958.07.14-1960.05.30)
- Jiong Tian Jin (1960.05.30 A 1963.12.14)
- Guo Qiqiao (1963.12.14-1972.5.29)
- Chui Yan Cui (1972.05.29-1981.11)
- Xie Renyang (1981.11 A 1984.05)
- Dongshu Fan (1984.05 A 1986.03)
- Wu Hua-peng (1986.04-1993)
- Jun Zhang Yi (1993–1994)
- Lee Hou-kao (1994–1997)
- Kao Koong-lian (1997–2000)
- Hsu Cheng-kuang (2000–2002)
- Hsu Chih-hsiung (2002–2008)
- Kao Su-Po (2008.5.20-2011.02.08)
- Luo Ying-shay (2011.02.09-)
Mongolian and Tibetan Cultural Center
The Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission manages the Mongolian and Tibetan Cultural Center (Chinese: 蒙藏文化中心; pinyin: Měng Zàng Wénhuà Zhōngxīn). It is located in the Da'an District of Taipei on Qingtian Street nearby the Taipei Mosque and Mandarin Training Center. The center was established in 1993 in the former residence of the Changkya Khutukhtu, Lobsang Pelden Tenpe Dronme, who fled to Taiwan after the Chinese Civil War in 1949. The building incorporates traditional Tibetan architectural features. It also includes an exhibition Area for cultural artifacts, a reading room, lecture Hall, and Prayer Hall for the Changkya Khutukhtu.
- Henry George Wandesforde Woodhead & Henry Thurburn Montague Bell (1932). The China Year Book. North China Daily News & Herald. p. 28. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- Benson, Linda (1990). The Ili Rebellion : the Moslem challenge to Chinese authority in Xinjiang, 1944-1949. Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-87332-509-7.
- Okawa, Kensaku (2007). "Lessons from Tibetans in Taiwan: Their history, current situation, and relationship with Taiwanese nationalism". The memoirs of the Institute of Oriental Culture (University of Tokyo) 152: 588–589, 596, 599, 602–603.
- Mongolian and Tibetan Cultural Center: Introduction