The Mongoose-V 32-bit microprocessor for spacecraft onboard computer applications is a radiation-hardened and expanded 10–15 MHz version of the MIPS R3000 CPU. Mongoose-V was developed by Synova, Inc. of Melbourne, Florida, USA, with support from the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
The Mongoose-V processor first flew on NASA's Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) satellite launched in November 2000 where it functioned as the main flight computer. A second Mongoose-V controlled the satellite's solid-state data recorder.
Examples of spacecraft that use the Mongoose-V include:
- Earth Observing-1 (EO-1)
- NASA's Microwave Anisotropy Probe (MAP), launched in June 2001, carried a Mongoose-V flight computer similar to that on EO-1.
- NASA's Space Technology 5 series of microsatellites
- Pluto probe New Horizons
- RAD750 Power PC
- Radiation hardening
- Communications survivability
- Faraday cage
- Institute for Space and Defense Electronics, Vanderbilt University
- Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
- MESSENGER Mercury probe
- Mars rovers
- Mongoose-V product page at Synova's website
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