The Mongoose-V 32-bit microprocessor for spacecraft onboard computer applications is a radiation-hardened and expanded 10–15 MHz version of the MIPS R3000 CPU. The Mongoose was developed by Synova, Inc. of Melbourne, Florida, USA, with support from the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
The Mongoose-V processor first flew on NASA's Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) satellite launched in November 2000 where it functioned as the main flight computer. A second Mongoose-V controlled the satellite's solid-state data recorder.
Examples of spacecraft that use the Mongoose-V include:
- Earth Observing-1 (EO-1)
- NASA's Microwave Anisotropy Probe (MAP), launched in June 2001, carried a Mongoose-V flight computer similar to that on EO-1.
- NASA's Space Technology 5 series of microsatellites
- Pluto probe New Horizons
- RAD750 Power PC
- Radiation hardening
- Communications survivability
- Faraday cage
- Institute for Space and Defense Electronics, Vanderbilt University
- Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
- MESSENGER Mercury probe
- Mars rovers
- Mongoose-V product page at Synova's website
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