Monmouth (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Monmouth in Wales.
|Electorate||65,432 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Abergavenny, Chepstow, Monmouth|
|Member of Parliament||David Davies (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Monmouth Boroughs, North Monmouthshire and South Monmouthshire|
|Welsh Assembly||South East Wales|
|European Parliament constituency||Wales|
Monmouth (Welsh: Sir Fynwy) is a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (at Westminster). It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post of election. The constituency was created for the 1918 general election. Since 2005 the MP has been David Davies of the Conservative Party.
The Monmouth Welsh Assembly constituency, created in 1999, has normally the same boundaries as the Westminster constituency.
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Elections
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes and references
- 7 Further reading
The current MP is the Conservative David Davies, elected in 2005 and a former member for the Welsh Assembly seat of the same name. To avoid confusion with the Yorkshire Conservative David Davis, he is named in Hansard as "David T.C. Davies".
The constituency is one of eight covering the preserved county of Gwent. The other seven are Blaenau Gwent, Caerphilly, Islwyn, Merthyr Tydfil and Rhymney, Newport East, Newport West and Torfaen. Merthyr Tydfil and Rhymney, however, straddles the boundary with the preserved county of Mid Glamorgan. It covers most of current local authority of Monmouthshire, with the main towns being Chepstow and Monmouth.
For the 2010 general election, there were no changes to the boundaries of the Monmouth constituency stemming from the Fifth Review of the Boundary Commission for Wales. Likewise there were no boundary changes in 1997
1918 to 1983
As first used in the 1918 general election, the constituency was a creation of the Representation of the People Act 1918 as one of six constituencies covering the county of Monmouth. Prior to the 1918 election the county had been covered, nominally, by the county constituencies of Northern Monmouthshire, Southern Monmouthshire, and Western Monmouthshire, and the Monmouth Boroughs borough constituency. By 1918, however, administrative county boundaries were out of alignment with constituency boundaries. The new constituency boundaries took account of the new local government boundaries.
The other Monmouthshire constituencies defined by 1918 legislation were the county constituencies of Abertillery, Bedwellty, Ebbw Vale and Pontypool, and the borough constituency of Newport. This general pattern was maintained until 1983, nine years after the administrative county they were based on had been abolished, but there were some boundary changes during the 1918 to 1983 period.
In 1918 the Monmouth constituency was defined as consisting of the municipal boroughs of Abergavenny, and Monmouth, the urban districts of Caerleon, Chepstow, and Usk, the rural districts of Abergavenny, Chepstow, Magor, Monmouth, and Pontypool, and part of the rural district of St Mellons, and the same boundaries were used for the general elections of 1922, 1923, 1924, 1929, 1931, 1935 and 1945.
New boundaries, created by the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949, were used for the 1950 general election, and the Monmouth constituency was defined as consisting of the municipal boroughs of Abergavenny, and Monmouth, the urban districts of Caerleon, Chepstow, and Usk, and rural districts of Abergavenny, Chepstow, Magor and St Mellons, Monmouth, and Pontypool.
The constituency was redefined again for the 1955 general election, taking account of new local government boundaries. The result was the same list of boroughs and districts as for the 1951 election. 1951 boundaries were used also in the general elections of 1959, 1964, 1966, 1970, February 1974, October 1974 and 1979.
In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, the local government county of Monmouth was abolished. For the 1983 general election, new constituency boundaries were drawn, taking account of new local government boundaries.
Members of Parliament
The following list does not include MPs who actually represented Monmouth Boroughs:
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Monmouth|
|Conservative||David Thomas Charles Davies||22,466||48.3||+1.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Blakebrough||9,026||19.4||+6.6|
|Plaid Cymru||Jonathan Clark||1,273||2.7||+0.6|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Monmouth|
|Conservative||David Thomas Charles Davies||21,396||46.9||+5.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Phylip A. D. Hobson||5,852||12.8||+1.4|
|Plaid Cymru||Jonathan Clark||993||2.2||−0.2|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+5.4|
|General Election 2001: Monmouth|
|Conservative||Roger Kenneth Evans||18,637||41.9||+2.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Neil Parker||5,080||11.4||+1.9|
|Plaid Cymru||Marc Hubbard||1,068||2.4||+1.3|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Monmouth|
|Conservative||Roger Kenneth Evans||19,226||39.2||-8.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Mark F. Williams||4,689||9.6||-1.4|
|Referendum Party||T. Niall Warry||1,190||2.4||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru||Alan F.C. Cotton||516||1.1||+0.3|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+7.4|
|General Election 1992: Monmouth|
|Conservative||Roger Kenneth Evans||24,059||47.3||−0.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Mrs Frances A. David||5,562||10.9||−13.1|
|Plaid Cymru (Green)||Melvin John Witherden||431||0.8||+0.0|
|Monmouth by-election, 1991|
|Conservative||Roger Kenneth Evans||15,327||34.0||−13.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Mrs Frances A. David||11,164||24.8||+0.8|
|Monster Raving Loony||Screaming Lord Sutch||314||0.7||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru (Green)||Melvin John Witherden||277||0.6||N/A|
|Unitax independent||Peter Ronald Carpenter||164||0.4||N/A|
|Corrective Party||Lindi St Clair||121||0.3||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||12.6|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Monmouth|
|Conservative||Sir John Stradling Thomas||22,387||47.5||+1.6|
|Social Democrat||C. D. Lindley||11,313||24.0||−4.0|
|Plaid Cymru||S. Meredudd||363||0.8||−0.3|
|General Election 1983: Monmouth|
|Conservative||John Stradling Thomas||21,746||49.2|
|Social Democrat||C. D. Lindley||12,403||28.0|
|Plaid Cymru||G.O. Williams||493||1.1|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Monmouth|
|Conservative||John Stradling Thomas||33,547||50.5|
|Liberal||David H. Hando||8,494||12.8|
|Plaid Cymru||G. Williams||641||1.0|
|General Election October 1974: Monmouth|
|Conservative||John Stradling Thomas||25,460||42.79|
|Liberal||David H. Hando||10,076||16.94|
|Plaid Cymru||T. Brimmacombe||839||1.41|
|General Election February 1974: Monmouth|
|Conservative||John Stradling Thomas||27,269||43.69|
|Liberal||David H. Hando||11,506||18.44|
|Plaid Cymru||E.H. Spanwick||930||1.49|
|General Election 1970: Monmouth|
|Conservative||John Stradling Thomas||28,312||46.54|
|Liberal||David H. Hando||4,601||6.68|
|Plaid Cymru||Stuart K. Neale||1,501||2.47|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Monmouth|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|General Election 1964: Monmouth|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Monmouth|
|General Election 1955: Monmouth|
|General Election 1951: Monmouth|
|General Election 1950: Monmouth|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1940s
|Monmouth by-election, October 1945|
|Labour||A. B. L. Oakley||18,953||47.3||−0.8|
|General Election July 1945: Monmouth|
|Labour||A. B. L. Oakley||20,543||48.1||+8.2|
Elections in the 1930s
|Monmouth by-election, 1939|
|Labour||F. R. Hancock||11,543||39.9||+3.3|
|General Election 1935: Monmouth|
|Monmouth by-election, 1934|
|Labour||Rev D. Hughes||11,094||35.0||+5.8|
|General Election 1931: Monmouth|
|Conservative||Sir Leolin Forestier-Walker||24,829||70.8||+21.5|
|Labour||Rev D. Hughes||10,217||29.2||+4.3|
Notes and references
- "Beyond 20/20 WDS - Table view". 2011 Electorate Figures. StatsWales. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Boundary Commission for Wales website
The Parliamentary Constituencies and Assembly Electoral Regions (Wales) Order 2006, OPSI website
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972 (ISBN 0-900178-09-4), F. W. S. Craig 1972
Craig attributes the 1951 alteration to SI 1851/1390 under section 2(3) of the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Monmouth, Monmouthshire County Council - candidates Monmouth
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X.
- The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd edition ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Constituency represented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer