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Monochromatic colours are all the colours (tints, tones, and shades) of a single hue.
Monochromatic colour schemes are derived from a single base hue and extended using its shades, tones and tints. Tints are achieved by adding white and shades and tones are achieved by adding a darker colour, gray or black.
Monochromatic colour schemes provide opportunities in art and visual communications design as they allow for a greater range of contrasting tones that can be used to attract attention, create focus and support legibility.
The use of a monochromatic colour provides a strong sense of visual cohesion and can help support communication objectives through the use of connotative colour. The relative absence of hue contrast can be offset by variations in tone and the addition of texture.
- O'Connor, Z. (2014). Colour Combination Techniques. Sydney AUS: Design Research Associates.