Monoethnicity is the existence of a single ethnic group in a given region. It is the opposite of polyethnicity. The use of the concept of monoethnicity has been criticized for preventing diversity from being recognized. It is a common belief in Japan that the entire country is monoethnic, but this is a myth; there are many ethnic minorities in Japan. Koreans also regard themselves as a monoethnic society, but there are also ethnic minorities in Korea. Cossacks have sought to establish monoethnicity in certain communities in the Northwest Caucasus.
See also 
- Deirdre Martin (2009). Language Disabilities in Cultural and Linguistic Diversity. Multilingual Matters. p. 29. ISBN 1847691595.
- Osamu Arakaki (2008). Refugee Law and Practice in Japan. Ashgate Publishing. p. 36. ISBN 0754670090.
- Walter Richmond (2008). The Northwest Caucasus: Past, Present, Future. Taylor & Francis. p. 141. ISBN 0415776155.
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