Monopole (wine)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

A monopole ("monopoly" in French) is an area controlled by a single winery (wine company) and can be as small as a lieu-dit (vineyard) or as large as an entire appellation d'origine contrôlée, such as Bordeaux or Champagne. Frequently this is mentioned on the label and it is rare for only one winery to produce all the wine from an area entitled to a certain name. Each wine is sold by only one company.[1]

The Napoleonic inheritance laws typically caused vineyards to be so finely divided that négociants are needed to bottle commercial quantities of a wine. Whether a monopole indicates a wine of unusual quality or not is a matter of debate.

List of monopoles (in need of expansion)[edit]

In Burgundy:

Vineyard Name Class Commune(Village) Owner
Chablis "La Moutonne" Grand Cru Chablis Albert Bichot (Domaine Long Depaquit)
Les Ruelles Premier Cru Mercurey Château de Chamirey[2]
La Mission Premier Cru Mercurey Château de Chamirey[3]
Clos des Monts Luisants Premier Cru Morey-Saint-Denis Domaine Ponsot
Ruchottes-Chambertin "Clos des Ruchottes" Grand Cru Gevrey-Chambertin Domaine Armand Rousseau
Clos de Tart Grand Cru Morey-Saint-Denis Mommessin
Romanée-Conti Grand Cru Vosne-Romanée Domaine de la Romanée-Conti
La Tâche Grand Cru Vosne-Romanée Domaine de la Romanée-Conti
La Grande Rue Grand Cru Vosne-Romanée Domaine François Lamarche
La Romanée Grand Cru Vosne-Romanée Domaine du Comte Liger-Belair
Corton "Clos des Marechaudes" Grand Cru Aloxe-Corton Albert Bichot
Corton "Clos des Cortons Faiveley" Grand Cru Aloxe-Corton Domaine Faiveley
Clos des Noiterons Village Mercurey Château d'Etroyes (Protheau)
Clos Napoléon (previously aux Cheuzots) Premier Cru Fixin Pierre Gelin
Clos de la Mousse Premier Cru Beaune Bouchard Père et Fils
Clos des Réas Premier Cru Vosne-Romanée Michel Gros
Clos des Corvées Village Mercurey Château d'Etroyes (Protheau)
Le Clos de Thorey Premier Cru Nuits-Saint-Georges Antonin Rodet
Clos de la Maréchale Premier Cru Nuits-Saint-Georges Jacques Frederic Mugnier
La Bossiere Premier Cru Gevrey-Chambertin Domaine Harmand Geoffroy
Savigny-Champ-Chevrey Premier Cru Savigny-lès-Beaune Domaine Tollot-Beaut
Clos de l'ecu Premier Cru Beaune Domaine Faiveley
Clos des Ursule Premier Cru Beaune Maison Louis Jadot
Clos des Épeneaux Premier Cru Pommard Comte Armand
Fremiets Clos de la Rougeotte Premier Cru Volnay Bouchard Père & Fils
Clos des Ducs Premier Cru Volnay Marquis d'Angerville
Clos de la Bousse d'Or Premier Cru Volnay La Pousse d'Or
Clos des 60 Ouvrées Premier Cru Volnay La Pousse d'Or
Clos des Santenots Premier Cru Volnay Domaine Jacques Prieur
Clos de la Chapelle Premier Cru Volnay Domaine Clos de la Chapelle
Clos Saint Paul Premier Cru Givry Domaine Silvestre Du Closel
Clos Salomon Premier Cru Givry Gardin Perrotto (Domaine du Clos Salomon)
Clos des Myglands Premier Cru Mercurey Domaine Faiveley[2]
Clos de la Fontaine Village Vosne-Romanée Anne Fraçoise Gros
Clos Blanc de Vougeot Village Vougeot Domaine de la Vougeraie
Clos des Langres Village Corgoloin Domaine d'Ardhuy
Pièce du Chapître Village Savigny-lès-Beaune Domaine Tollot-Beaut
Clos de la Chaume Gaufriot Village Beaune Antonin Guyon
Clos des Ursulines Village Pommard Albert Bichot (Domaine du Pavillon)
Clos la Marche Village Mercurey Maison Louis Max

Others

In Bourgogne region, most of the vineyards which classified as Grand Cru have their own appellation (AOC). However, for some cases, several vineyards have one appellation. For example, 7 Grand Crus exists in Chablis region, but only one appellation "Chablis Grand Cru" is given to them. Corton Grand Cru, the largest Grand Cru in Bourgogne, has 26 sub-vineyards in it.

Chablis "La Moutonne" is not recognized as Grand Cru by INAO, but BIVB (Bureau Interprofessionnel des Vins de Bourgogne) recognizes it as Grand Cru.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Joseph (2006). Wine Travel Guide to the World. Footprint Travel Guides, 2006. p. 384. ISBN 978-1-904777-85-4. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Sanderson, Bruce (30 June 2012). "Affordable Burgundy". Wine Spectator: 39. Retrieved 12 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "Le Domaine". Château de Chamirey. Retrieved 13 July 2012.